Presentation on theme: "Presented by Mr. Greig Smith, Registrar-OCR. Any act, or failure to act, on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical."— Presentation transcript:
Presented by Mr. Greig Smith, Registrar-OCR
Any act, or failure to act, on the part of a parent or caretaker, which results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse, or exploitation. Any act, or failure to act, on the part of a parent or caretaker, which presents an imminent risk of serious harm.
Types of Child Abuse
Child Labour Child Trafficking Neglect Physical Abuse Sexual Abuse Emotional Abuse
Child Labour – any work that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful to children and interferes with their schooling
◦ It is an offence to employ a child under 13 ◦ Children years old may be employed but only for light work ◦ Children 15 & over must not be employed in night work or in any industrial or hazardous work ◦ It is an offence for a child to be used for indecent or immoral purposes
Child Trafficking – “is the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of a child by means of threat or use of force, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power …”
Child may be seen frequently on the streets begging, selling, working, etc. Child may be missing from school, home, etc Child may not get to live out their childhood, ‘forced’ into adulthood
Neglect - any serious disregard for a child's supervision, care, or discipline.
Child may be abandoned by parent Child may have unattended medical needs Child may not be supervised Child may be mostly hungry, improperly dressed, has poor hygiene Child may be pale, lacks energy, begs or steals food, frequently absent from school
Physical Abuse – actions towards a child that result in or could result in serious physical injury, such as: ◦ Beating, burning, cutting ◦ Harmful restraint ◦ Use of any weapon or instrument
Child may get bruises, fractures, cuts on body Child may be nervous, hyperactive, aggressive, disruptive, and destructive Child may be overly frightened of parent or caretaker Child may be unusually suspicious of physical contact
Sexual Abuse - any sexual behaviour towards a child, which may include: ◦ Fondling the private area ◦ Oral sex ◦ Vaginal or anal penetration by a finger, penis or other object ◦ Exhibitionism (display private areas) ◦ Child pornography ◦ Suggestive behaviours
Child may have detailed understanding of sexual behaviours Child may engage in sexual activity Child may suffer sleep disturbances/ nightmares Child may return to bed wetting, etc.
Emotional Abuse - attitudes or behaviours expressed towards a child that create serious emotional or psychological damage.
Child may have very low self-esteem Child may become ◦ Antisocial or destructive ◦ Depressed and/or suicidal ◦ Very delinquent (wrong-doer)
AbusePenaltyLegal Reference Cruelty to childrenFine of up to 1 million dollars or up 3 years imprisonment or both Section 9(2), CCPA, RM Court Sexual intercourse with a child under 16 years Life imprisonment (person in authority) Section 10(1), SOA, Circuit Court Attempt to have sexual intercourse with a child under 16 years 15 years imprisonmentSection 10(2), SOA, Circuit Court Grievous sexual assaultLife imprisonment or not less than fifteen years Section 6(1)(b), SOA, Circuit Court RapeMaximum 15 years (armed); 7 years (unarmed) Section 6(c), SOA, Circuit Court Child traffickingMinimum 10 years with hard labour Section 10(2), CCPA, Circuit Court
Total number of reports received by the OCR by location of abuse and type of report, 2012 Type of report Location of abuse PASAEANTCLBPCP At child's home (private) At a children's home At a place of safety At school At boarding school At suspected offender's home At suspected offender's work At a public/shared space At a deserted/abandoned location At some other location
The OCR was established as a provision of the Child Care and Protection Act 2004 (CCPA) Started operating on Jan 1, 2007 Is a central repository used to receive, record, assess and refer reports of abuse for investigation. Four offices: Kingston, St. Ann, Manchester, Westmoreland
The OCR receives information about a child who has been, is being or is likely to be: Abandoned Neglected Physically or sexually ill-treated Is otherwise in need of care and protection Missing And assesses, records then refers the reports to the Child Development Agency and/or the Office of the Children’s Advocate for investigation and action.
The OCR acquired the Ananda Alert system on March 1, 2013 The Ananda Alert is a nationwide system designed to ensure a speedy and safe recovery of a child who is missing, kidnapped or abducted. Alerts are sent through various media to inform the public of a missing child. Posts will soon be placed on video boards, social media pages, digital screens, route taxi cabs. Police, agencies and community-based search and rescue teams try to locate the missing child
Scope of Mandatory Reporting The CCPA makes it the duty of every adult to report every incident or suspicion indicating that a child has been, is being, or is likely to be ill- treated/abused, abandoned, neglected or in need of care and protection. Section 6 (1) of the CCPA lists ‘prescribed persons’ who have a duty to identify and report suspected or known child abuse. These include professionals working in the fields of health, education, social work, etc.
When should a report be made to the OCR? Section 6 (7) of the CCPA says a report shall be made as soon as is reasonably possible Care must be taken however the ensure that the information being reported is true or is believed to be true, because… Section 6 (8) of the CCPA says “a person who knowingly makes a false statement in a report to the Children’s Registry commits an offence ”
CALL: PROTECT ( ) or CALL or TEXT: (LIME) or (DIGI) FAX or report to or VISIT: the Offices of the Children’s Registry: Kingston, St. Ann, Manchester, Westmoreland BB: Download the Child Abuse Reporting System (C.A.R.S) Blackberry application Forms are available at the Children’s Registry or at CDA offices islandwide
Name, age and sex of abused child Names and addresses of parents/guardians The school that the abused child attends Details of the abuse Details of the abuser Any other information which can assist in the intervention and completion of the report
Call 119 or visit the nearest police station & provide details about the missing child as well as a recent photo
Name, age, sex and address of child Clothes that the child was wearing when last seen Location that the child was last seen Recent photo of missing child Identification marks (scars, disabilities etc.) Date and time the child went missing Places frequently visited by the child
OCR Reporting Process
According to Section 6 (4) of the CCPA, the penalty for failure to report to the Children’s Registry, may be: A fine of $500,000 or 6 months imprisonment or both charged & imprisoned The reporter’s identity is kept confidential and divulged only under the three circumstances outlined in Section 9&10, Children’s Registry Regulations Reporters are not required to provide their contact information unless they wish to prove that they made a report to the OCR or request updates
Breach of confidentiality by any OCR staff may result in a fine of $500,000 or 6 months imprisonment or both You cannot be charged for making a false report, if it can be proven that you genuinely believed the abuse was happening Not all cases reported will result in the child being taken away from the home or the parents being charged Reporting to the OCR allows for greater accountability and monitoring of the effectiveness of child care and protection agencies
We can make a difference… Choose to “care and protect not harm and neglect”