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 1. Common vision disorders in children  2. Purpose for the law  3. History of the law  4. Details  5. Children’s Vision Commission  6. Difference.

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Presentation on theme: " 1. Common vision disorders in children  2. Purpose for the law  3. History of the law  4. Details  5. Children’s Vision Commission  6. Difference."— Presentation transcript:

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2  1. Common vision disorders in children  2. Purpose for the law  3. History of the law  4. Details  5. Children’s Vision Commission  6. Difference between exams & screenings  7. Financial questions  8. Resources for help

3  Myopia (nearsighted)  Hyperopia (farsighted)  Astigmatism (oval shaped cornea)  Amblyopia (lazy eye)  Strabismus (eye turn)  Focusing problems ◦ Accommodation ◦ Convergence

4 Blur at distance *Trouble seeing the chalkboard  Light focuses before it reaches the retina  Causes ◦ Eye too long ◦ Cornea too curved  Corrected by: ◦ Eyeglasses ◦ Contacts

5  Blur at near ◦ Trouble seeing books  Light focuses after reaching the retina  Causes ◦ Eye too short ◦ Cornea too flat  Corrected by: ◦ Eyeglasses ◦ Contacts

6  Blur distance and near  Caused by irregular shaped cornea  Corrected by: ◦ Eyeglasses ◦ Contacts

7  Blur at distance and near even with correction  Causes ◦ Developmental ◦ Refractive ◦ Eye turn  Treatments ◦ Patching ◦ Atropine drops ◦ Glasses, contacts ◦ Vision therapy

8  Typically affect reading only  Focusing muscles not working properly ◦ Accommodation ◦ Convergence  Corrected by: ◦ Eyeglasses? ◦ Vision Therapy?

9  May cause double vision  Poor depth perception ◦ Distance ◦ Near  Causes: ◦ Muscle imbalance ◦ Hyperopia  Corrected by: ◦ Eyeglasses, contacts if refractive ◦ Surgery may be necessary ◦ Vision Therapy may be necessary

10  80% of learning comes through vision  Vision disorders rank as the most prevalent handicapping condition in childhood.  5% of children are identified as having vision problems during a typical vision screening. Yet, 10-12% of preschoolers have vision deficiencies  6% of children who fail a school screening will not receive a comprehensive exam  Only 15% of children under the age of five have received a comprehensive eye examination.  60% of children with learning disabilities also have undetected vision disorders * National Eye Institute

11  Original bill was sponsored by Speaker of the House Rod Jetton.  Speaker Jetton’s son had a vision disorder that wasn’t diagnosed until he had an eye examination by Dr. Steve Tilley.  The bill that passed this year was sponsored by Rep. David Pearce in the house and by Sen. Delbert Scott in the senate.

12  Beginning July 1, 2008 all children entering kindergarten or first grade are required to have a comprehensive eye examination. Evidence of the exam shall be submitted to the school no later than January1, of the school year.  The law “sunsets” in 2012, when it will be re- evaluated by the Children’s Vision Commission and the Missouri legislature.  Parents may “opt out” of the examination with written notice to the school district.  There are no penalties associated with the law.

13  Two optometrists  Two ophthalmologists  One school nurse  One Rep. from Dept. of Elementary and Secondary Education  One Rep. from Missouri School Board Association

14  Establish statewide guidelines for exams and reporting process  Monitor exam results and make recommendation to state legislature on whether to continue law at it’s sunset.

15 What’s the Difference Between an Eye Examination and a Vision Screening?

16  Often performed by pediatrician, school nurse or volunteer  May detect myopia, hyperopia, color or depth perception problems  Amblyopia screenings?  Not comprehensive but very valuable

17  Performed by optometrist or ophthalmologist  Can detect and treat myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism, amblyopia, strabismus and focusing disorders

18  Estimated that 70% of these children already have insurance coverage for comprehensive eye exams.  Parent’s responsibility  Blindness Education Fund  Charitable organizations, ie. Vision Service Plan, Cerner First Hand Foundation.  Donations by the doctors.

19  Every single child in Missouri deserves to opportunity to reach their full potential as a student.  Educators have been mandated with “No Child Left Behind”  80% of learning during a child’s early school years is through vision.  Without at least one comprehensive eye exam, some of our children will continue to “slip through the cracks”.

20  Missouri Optometric Association ◦


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