Presentation on theme: "Making Babies: Choosing to have Children… …or not"— Presentation transcript:
1 Making Babies: Choosing to have Children… …or not
2 Choosing to have Children Pronatalist Bias: having children is taken for granted, while not having children needs to be justifiedWhy wouldn’t you have children?
3 Choosing not to have Children Structural Antinatalism (Friedan):American society is insufficiently supportive of having children*
4 Why have Children: the Value of Children Perspective Cultural shift from children as economic asset to emotional investment- “a child to love”*
5 Social Capital Perspective The anticipated social benefits as motivation*
6 ADVANTAGES OF CHILDREN: Hoffman 1. AFFECTION / PRIMARY GROUP TIES (63%)2. FUN / STIMULATION (58%)3. EXPANSION OF SELF (34%)4. ADULT STATUS (21%)
7 DISADVANTAGES OF HAVING CHILDREN 1. LOSS OF FREEDOM (51%)2. FINANCIAL COSTS (42%)3. OPPORTUNITY COSTS• economic • emotional4. TENSION in RELATIONSHIP
8 Effects of having Children on Marriage (Picker) 33 to 50% experience distress after first child as high as couples in counselingWHY?Child Care pushes couples into traditional gender roles--Women take on majority of work
9 Solutions to Negative effect of children (Gottman) Couples remain happy when…Husband admires his wifeKeeps romance aliveUnderstand wife’s inner lifeHusband’s behavior most influential in marital satisfaction
10 Postponing Parenthood * 2-sided coin… One Child Families NEW TRENDSRemaining Child Free* reasons why…Postponing Parenthood* 2-sided coin…One Child Families* the good and bad…
11 PREMARITAL PREGNANCIES • 1940, unwed birthrate less than 5% of total births• 2005, unwed birthrate 37%of total births
12 Older Single Mothers 1980 to 1998, Unwed birthrates for women Women ages increased by more than 90%
13 Older Single MothersWhite women’s rate increased by 128% while the increase was only 20% among the same age-group of black women
14 Teenage Pregnancies • unwed birth rate among teens decreasing • % of all births• 2000, 79% of teenage births occurred outside of marriageHighest rates of teen pregnancy was in 1950
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.