Presentation on theme: "Translational Research on Overweight Children"— Presentation transcript:
1Translational Research on Overweight Children Research Collaborative on Pediatric Overweight
2Definition of overweight CDC: term ‘obesity’ is not used for childrenIn children, body mass index (BMI) is charted by age and gender.The normal range of weight for a given height varies with age.In general, children younger than 3 years and older than 11 years have proportionately more weight for height than do school-aged children.
3In children, body mass index (BMI) is charted by age and gender. The normal range of weight for a given height varies with age.Children younger than 4 and older than 9 years have proportionately more weight for height than do school-aged children.
4Definition of overweight BMI above 95th percentile =~ corresponds to ‘obese’ label in adultsBMIs 85th to 95th percentile =~ corresponds to ‘overweight’ label in adultsoverweightat risk for overweight
5Definition of overweight In our research, the term, ‘overweight’often is used to refer BMIs above the 85th percentile for age and gender.~ highest 15% of weight for height among US children
6Our ApproachStudy childhood overweight with recognition of its complexity.Compose teams of clinical researchers and basic scientists to study metabolic and physiologic bases of overweight in children.A group of WCMC, HSS, and RU faculty have been working together for over two years to formulate a coordinated program of research on childhood overweight.
7Clinical PathwayCORE LAB SET LEVEL 1 (fasting) Fast of 8-12 hours for lipids; fast of 3-4 hours for insulin/glucoseGlucose (fluorinated [green] tube)Fasting: if mg/dL: Level 2 refer to EndoFasting: if > 126 mg/dL and confirmed fasting by history: page Endo STAT for possible diabetesNon- Fasting: if > 140 mg/dL: Level 2 refer to EndoNon- Fasting: if > 200 mg/dL: page Endo STAT for possible diabetesHgbA1C if > 5.9% : Level 2 refer to EndoInsulin Fasting: if > 14 uIU/: Level 2 refer to EndoLipid Profile if LDL or HDL or TG : repeat studies within 3 monthsif values abnl at 3 mo Level 2: refer to Dr. Hudginsif LDL >200 or HDL <20 or TG >300: Level 2: refer to Dr. HudginsVitamin D, 25-Hydroxy if < 30 ng/mL: prescribe 1,000 IU Vitamin D q dayif ng/mL: prescribe 2,000 IU Vitamin D q day”if <10 ng/mL: prescribe 2,000 IU Vitamin D q day” : Level 2 refer to EndoLFT’s if ALT or AST >60: Level 2 Liver US refer to Dr. Solomon (liver US)LEVEL 1a: hypertension:If BP > 95th% for age & height (per Harriet Lane) repeat BP during visit.If both values >95th% for age & height: Level 2 serum electrolytes, plasma renin activity, urine microalbumin, urine Na, U/AIf results normal F/U w/in 3 mo if repeat BP >95th%:If results abnormal Level 2 refer to Renal, Peds CardiologyLEVEL 1b: short stature (height < 5th% or decline in growth velocity):TSH, free T4, IGF-1, IGFBP-3, cortisolRefer to Endo (bone age will be done)LEVEL 1c:joint malalignment/musculo-skeletal pain:PE/screening for genu varum/genu valgum: if clinical concern refer to Peds OrthoPE/screening: if SCFE suspected emergent X-ray of hip/thigh/knee/groin
8Research TeamsImmunological Function in Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Overweight ChildrenVitamin D Deficiency and Atypical Glucose Metabolism in Overweight ChildrenAtypical Lipid Metabolism and Endothelial Dysfunction in Overweight ChildrenAngiogenic Markers in Overweight ChildrenLower Extremity Alignment, Gait, and Joint Pathophysiology in Overweight ChildrenHealth for Life Primary Care Intervention
9Immunological Function in NAFLD Susanna Cunningham-RundlesArzu KovanlikayaRuben CooperAliza Solomon
10Immunological Function in NAFLD NAFLD involves accumulation of fatty deposits on the liver.Examine the associations among oxidative stress markers, anti oxidant reserve and inflammatory markers in children.Introduce MRI to provide precise calculation of fat levels in the liver.
11Vitamin D Deficiency and Atypical Glucose Metabolism Maria VogiatziRoja MotaghediSunita Cheruvu
12Vitamin D Deficiency and Atypical Glucose Metabolism Vitamin D insufficiency is associated with insulin resistance, the metabolic syndrome and Types I and II diabetes.(1) prospective randomized trial of vitamin D supplementation in obese, insulin resistant, vitamin D deficient adolescents(2) basic science studies on insulin signaling and glucose transport as a function of varying levels of vitamin D concentrations in fat and muscle.
13Angiogenic and Vasculogenic Markers in Overweight Children David C. LydenSnezana M. OsorioRosandra Kaplan
14Angiogenic and Vasculogenic Markers in Overweight Children Sprouting of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones is termed angiogenesis.Angiogenesis is tightly controlled by a balance between factors that stimulate endothelial cell growth and movement and anti-angiogenic factors, which inhibit these processes.Angiogenic factors are elevated in overweight and obese adults. These factors have not yet been studied in children.
15Atypical Lipid Metabolism and Endothelial Dysfunction Ruben CooperLisa HudginsAbraham BornsteinArzu KovanlikayaMaura FrankSusanna Cunningham-RundlesMary J. Ward
16Atypical Lipid Metabolism and Endothelial Dysfunction in Overweight Children EndoPAT is a novel, non-invasive method for assessing endothelial function.Endothelium is affected by overweight, as well as elevated lipids and dysregulated insulin.
17Lower Extremity Alignment, Gait, and Joint Pathophysiology In Overweight Children Howard HillstromPeter TorzilliChristopher ChenDaniel GreenSiobhan DoyleMary J. WardMaria Vogiatzi
18Lower Extremity Alignment, Gait, and Joint Pathophysiology In Overweight Children Understand the role of joint malalignment and BMI in joint mechanics, joint physiology, and risk of osteoarthritis among overweight children.Motion analysis methodology, assessment of Vitamin D metabolism, and laboratory assessment of joint physiology
19Health for Life Primary Care Intervention Maura FrankWeill-Cornell Resident Group Practice staff
20Health for Life Primary Care Intervention Evidence-based program for 8-18 year-olds with BMI ≥ 85th %ileStaff includes dietitians, physicians, physical therapists, social workers, nurses, and medical studentsIndividual sessions: medical, nutritional, psychosocial and physical fitness evaluations10 weekly group sessions on nutrition/behavior and physical activity
21Wish List What more should we know? Researchers interested in collaboration?