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Education & Homeless Children Challenges and Promising Practices.

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Presentation on theme: "Education & Homeless Children Challenges and Promising Practices."— Presentation transcript:

1 Education & Homeless Children Challenges and Promising Practices

2 McKinney-Vento & Project HOPE-Virginia Dr. Patricia Popp, Virginia State Coordinator Project HOPE


4 Web

5 Causes and Impact of Homelessness Causes Poverty Substance Abuse Domestic Violence Mental Illness Affordable Housing Physical Illness Economic crises Natural disasters Impact  Absenteeism is greater  Developmental delays occur at 4 times the rate reported for other children  Learning disabilities identified at double the rate  Twice as likely to repeat a grade

6 McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Act Education for Homeless Children and Youth (EHCY) Program Title X, Part C 2001 Reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act

7 Reauthorizes the Stewart B. McKinney Act, originally enacted in 1987 Provides states with funding to support local grants and statewide initiatives Requires educational access, attendance, and success for homeless children and youth McKinney-Vento Act, EHCY

8 The child’s classroom may be the only place where the child can experience quiet, interact with children his/her age, and experience success… School is the most normal activity that most children experience collectively…For homeless children it is much more than a learning environment. It is a place of safety, personal space, friendships, and support. Oakley & King, 2000

9 An individual who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, including children and youth : sharing housing due to loss of housing or economic hardship living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate housing living in emergency or transitional housi ng (What about housing first?) Defining homelessness for EHCY

10 Including children and youth :  abandoned in hospitals  awaiting foster care  having a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designed for, or ordinarily used as, regular sleeping accommodations Defining (cont’d)

11  living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations  migratory students meeting the description  unaccompanied youth meeting the description Defining (cont’d)

12 Fixed: Stationary, permanent, and not subject to change Regular: Used on a predictable, routine, or consistent basis (e.g., nightly) Adequate: Sufficient for meeting both the physical and psychological needs typically met in home environments Can the student go to the SAME PLACE (fixed) EVERY NIGHT (regular) to sleep in a SAFE AND SUFFICIENT SPACE (adequate)? Fixed, Regular, and Adequate

13 Appoint a local homeless education liaison in every LEA For Virginia liaisons, visit: Provide outreach and coordination to identify students McKinney-Vento EHCY Requirements

14 Enroll students immediately in local school OR Maintain student enrollment in the school of origin when feasible and in the student’s best interest Includes transportation Even across school division lines Get the student enrolled and keep the student enrolled! EHCY Requirements (cont’d)

15 Approx. one-third are families 1.6 million children – one in 45 experience homelessness (NCFH) 1,168,354 in SY 2011-12, a 24% increase over three years (VA – 27%) NCHE State Profile Pages National Numbers

16 71% increase



19 Hot Meals & Homework @ Thaler McCormick, CEO, ForKids

20 ForKids: Our Mission Breaking the cycle of homelessness & poverty for families and children

21 A Regional Call Center Adult & Children’s Education ◦ Educational assessment, tutoring & school advocacy ◦ GED & Life Skills Clinical Services ◦ Mental and physical healthcare Housing Solutions ◦ Emergency Shelter ◦ Transitional Housing ◦ Permanent Supportive Housing ◦ Prevention, Rapid Re-Housing Our Model Housing, Education & Clinical Services

22 ForKids Today 60 Residential Units Service Teams in 3 Cities ◦ Norfolk ◦ Suffolk/Western Tidewater ◦ Chesapeake 80+ Staff ◦ 50 Full-Time $5M Operating Budget Daily Service Capacity: approx. 175+ Families

23 Our Facilities Serving Norfolk, Portsmouth, Chesapeake, Virginia Beach, Suffolk, Franklin, Isle of Wight & Southampton County

24 In FY13… Last year we assisted 1,014 people (315 families w/ 637 children) 85% (128 of 150) of households exited to housing

25 Education of Homeless Children Downstream Impact Lower reading scores Retention Drop-outs Lower wages Housing Instability 25 x

26 26

27 Hot Meals and Homework Started in 2007 Partnership w/ Downtown Norfolk Council Initial Goals: ◦ Continue progress of residential programs after exit ◦ Prevent another painful loss for fragile kids

28 Hot Meals and Homework The Model Pick up kids housed in the community Pair them with volunteer tutor Send them hope with a hot meal for the whole family

29 Hot Meals and Homework Lessons learned/program modifications Target most at-risk kids Volunteers are consistent Volunteers have education backgrounds Tutoring twice-weekly/child Educational advocacy

30 Hot Meals and Homework Educational Advocacy IEP meetings Manifestation meetings Parent/teacher meetings Tracking on-line systems (eSembler, Parent connection, etc.) Parent mentoring

31 Hot Meals and Homework Performance from August 2011 – July 2013: 82 children served in Norfolk 40 children served in Western Tidewater 98% of children were promoted 69% of children improved their grades and/or maintained a 2.0 GPA or greater

32 Hot Meals and Homework Looking Ahead… Remediation vs. tutoring Credentialed staff Closer affiliation with the public schools Assessments ◦ Gates Macginitie reading assessment ◦ Star Math Scale…

33 “Poverty is a veil that obscures the face of greatness.” - Khalil Gibran

34 Dearsley Vernon, McKinney-Vento Specialist Charlotte-Mecklenburg School System Annabelle Suddreth, Executive Director A Child’s Place

35 Background Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools ◦ 144,000 students in 160 schools ◦ 53% of students are Economically Disadvantaged ◦ 73 Title I Schools McKinney-Vento Students ◦ 2012-2013: 4,770 MCV students ◦ 2011-2012: 4,922 MCV students ◦ 2010-2011: 4,711 MCV students ◦ 2009-2010: 4,453 MCV students

36 MCV in Charlotte-Mecklenburg District Liaison School Liaisons Coordination with Transportation, Child Nutrition, Student Placement, Family/Community Services, International Center, Title I, School Health Coordination with A Child’s Place and other Community Resources/Agencies MCV students identified in 98% of our schools

37 Schools with large MCV populations Unique needs of MCV students National data paints a sad picture Targeted support to this group of students betters the overall school Incorporate the physical, social, emotional, and academic needs 9 MCV social workers serving 9 schools Why MCV Social Workers?

38 Role of MCV Social Worker General School Social Worker ◦ Responsible for ENTIRE school ◦ Focus on attendance, crisis and other critical issues McKinney-Vento School Social Worker ◦ Spotlight on MCV students and families ◦ Attendance and Transportation ◦ Academic Challenges ◦ Social/Emotional Needs ◦ Family Needs Assessment ◦ General School Support

39 9 MCV Social Workers-6 High schools, 2 K-8 schools (year round), 1 Elementary school Trainings for all MCV Liaisons at every school MCV Assessment connects siblings at other schools (A Child’s Place assists with that also) Services Fair-connects schools with community resources District Connections

40 Enrollment Stability Average Daily Attendance Enrollment Stability Average Daily Attendance 2011-122012-13 94% 93%92% 91%92% 89%84% 85%82% 85%81% 86%83% 84%88% 89%84% School2011-122012-13 Billingsville ES85%92% Bruns K-873%89% Druid Hills K870%85% Garinger HS90%86% Harding HS82%83% Myers Park HS67%82% Vance HS82%84% W Charlotte HS79%87% W Meck HS90%92% Outcomes

41 Cohort Graduation Rates Outcomes School2011-122012-13 Garinger HS88%92% Harding HS50%88% Myers Park HS83%77% Vance HS90%96% W Charlotte HS69%91% W Meck HS83%88%

42 Student Success! Attendance Family Engagement Community Services Academics

43 A Child’s Place Overview Began in 1989 as a one-room classroom 2,656 students served (56%) in 2012-2013 Concentrates in 33 elementary and middle schools Works to erase impact of homelessness Programs focus on student support, academic support, parent support and summer day camp

44 Team Approach Serves 33 elementary and middle schools Service Models: o School-based model – 1 Social Worker and 1 Student Advocate located in 1-2 schools o Flex Team Model - 1 Social Worker and 1 Student Advocate serving 6 schools o Brief Contacts

45 Community Resources Leverage community resources to provide basic needs and volunteers Over 150 community partnerships with service providers, government, businesses and faith community Participate in community coalitions and collaborations that benefit homeless children

46 Outcomes (2012-2013) Reached 2,656 of the 4,770 identified homeless children (56%) in Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools in 2012-2013: 99% were promoted to the next grade level 92% received a passing grade in reading 92% received a passing grade in math70% had an average or better attendance rating by the final marking period 92% had an average or higher behavior rating by the final marking period 65% had at least one health need met 34% of children with educational gaps were identified and addressed

47 Dr. Pat Popp Project Hope-VA – State Coordinator Thaler McCormick ForKids - Chief Executive Officer Dearsley Vernon Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools - McKinney-Vento Specialist Annabelle Suddreth A Child’s Place - Executive Director Presenter Information

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