Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Strengthening Families: The Key to Safe & Healthy Children

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Strengthening Families: The Key to Safe & Healthy Children"— Presentation transcript:

1 Strengthening Families: The Key to Safe & Healthy Children
Standards for Family-Serving Programs: Building Success through Family Support Developed by the NJ Task Force on Child Abuse & Neglect & Family Support America ©Statewide Parent Advocacy Network 2004

2 What is Family Support? A set of beliefs & an approach to strengthening & empowering families & communities Grassroots, community-based programs designed to promote family cohesion & prevent family problems A shift in service delivery A movement for social change

3 How does family support work?
Interventions are comprehensive and within the context of the family and the community Interventions promote positive behaviors & outcomes, instead of just treating problems

4 How does family support work?
Interventions focus on family-identified needs & hopes, not the wishes of professionals Interventions see the family as a part of its larger community

5 How does family support work?
Interventions help strengthen the family’s networks and use those networks as the major source of support

6 What is the goal of family support?
To help families learn and use the knowledge and skills they need to be effective as a family within their community

7 How can you tell if it’s family support?
Relationships are built on equality & respect Families learn how to get what they need Families are involved at every step of the way Family strengths are recognized and built on

8 How can you tell if it’s family support?
The diversity and cultural, racial, and language identities of families are celebrated & affirmed Communities are strengthened There is advocacy for fair, responsive & accountable systems

9 What is “promotion of strong families”
Also known as “primary prevention”: Targets the general population Offers services & activities before any signs of undesired behaviors Available to all regardless of family status

10 What is “prevention?” Prevention includes:
Promotion, or primary prevention Secondary prevention, targeted to families “at risk” before negative behaviors occur Tertiary prevention, provided to reduce the impact of negative behaviors & prevent their reoccurrence

11 Standards for Family Support Programs
The factors for effective family support programs include: Beliefs in the principles of family support Effective Practice Effective administration

12 Belief in Family Support Ideas
Family-centered Community-based Culturally sensitive and culturally competent Early start Developmentally appropriate Families are partners Empowerment & strengths-based

13 Effective Practice Standards
Flexible & responsive Based in partnership Links with formal & informal supports Universally available & voluntary Comprehensive & integrated/coordinated Easily accessible Long term and as intense as needed

14 Effective Administration Standards
Sound program structure, design & practices Committed, caring staff Data collection & documentation Measures outcomes & conducts evaluation Adequate funding & long range plans Collaborates with families & communities

15 BELIEFS: Family-Centered
Children are part of & are influenced by their families Families are part of & are influenced by their communities Communities are part of & are influenced by our larger society

16 Individual Influences
Parent readiness Parenting knowledge Attitudes & beliefs Self-esteem Stress Mental Health Substance abuse

17 Interpersonal & Societal Influences
Marital factors Lack of child care Parents Special needs Isolation Domestic violence

18 Environmental Influences
Society’s value of children & families Neighborhood conditions Income-related stressors Political factors Housing Tolerance/media portrayal of violence Discrimination & prejudice

19 BELIEFS: Community-based
Supports & services are available locally where families live, work, attend school Supports & services contribute to community-building

20 Community empowerment
Shared responsibility, not just professional responsibility Power resides in communities, not agencies Communities, not professionals, are the experts Services & activities are planned & implemented based on community needs & priorities

21 Community empowerment
Interdependency & coordination of planning & services, not fragmentation Community-based leadership that develops shared vision, broad support, & management of community problem-solving, not external leadership based on authority, position or title

22 Community empowerment
Appreciation of racial, ethnic, language diversity, not denial of differences Emphasis on cooperation & collaboration rather than external linkages limited to networking & coordination

23 Community empowerment
Inclusive, not closed, decision-making Accountability to community, not agency Evaluation to check program development & evaluation, not just to raise funds Funding based on critical issues, not “categories” Maximum community involvement at all levels, not just feedback or input

24 Family Strengthening Pyramid
Pre- and post-birth care & mother-child bonding Parent education Child care/respite Early childhood education School climate improvement Comprehensive health education Early substance abuse prevention Law-related education Peer & other supports

25 Family Strengthening Pyramid
Stress relief Meaningful work & community service Worksite wellness Alternatives Community education Health screening & assessments Alternative health practices Media influence Spiritual development Fun

26 BELIEFS: Culturally sensitive & competent
Affirm family cultural, ethnic, racial, & language identity Promote cross-cultural understanding & respect for differences Help families navigate the dominant US society & culture Work to make society more supportive of all families

27 BELIEFS: Early start Support families before negative patterns are established Help families understand child development & their child’s unique strengths & needs

28 BELIEFS: Developmentally appropriate
Relevant to the ages & developmental levels of children & families Understanding of the unique needs at each stage in the life span of children & families

29 Developmentally appropriate
Child development is the ages & stages a child goes through: Physically Emotionally Socially Intellectually

30 Developmentally appropriate
Stages of family development are related to: Age(s) of their child(ren) Transitions families experience Parent(s) aging process

31 BELIEFS: Family-Professional Partnership
Families & professionals work together in relationships based on equality & mutual respect Families are partners on the individual, program, agency, & systemic levels

32 Family-Professional Partnership
Important techniques: Active listening Empathy Sincere caring Recognition & appreciation of existing knowledge & skills Focus on strengthening knowledge & skills Shared decision-making

33 Families as Assets National policy should be built on a recognition that families are the essential unit of civic engagement & democracy Each family must be recognized & acknowledged as unique & individual All families have common human needs & require different levels of social investment at different times in their life span

34 Families as Assets Investments in families & children become assets in the development of strong communities that participate in the larger good Children are our future, our legacy, & our responsibility Each of us can make a contribution to the future generations of all children.

35 BELIEFS: Empowering & Strengths-Based
Build on the knowledge & skills of families & communities Help families realize their own strengths to promote the healthy development of their children

36 Empowering & Strengths-Based
Recognize that everyone has strengths Create opportunities for learning & use of new skills & knowledge Support self-efficacy, self-reliance, positive mental health, competency, mastery of skills: “assets-building”

37 ASSESSING BELIEFS Is it family-centered? Is it community-based?
Involve all possible participants, such as child, parents, family members, caregivers? Is it community-based? Reinforce outcomes in home & community? Engage community members in program development, implementation & ownership? Recognize the role of community members in supporting families? Use informal & formal supports needed by family?

38 ASSESSING BELIEFS Is it culturally sensitive & competent?
Promote & strengthen cultural identity & diversity? Does it provide an early start? Work with families BEFORE negative patterns start – even before birth as needed? Is it developmentally appropriate? Meet the needs of children & families/caregivers at their stage(s) of development?

39 ASSESSING BELIEFS Are families partners with staff/professionals?
Treat families as partners & collaborate, as evidenced by involving families in planning & decision-making & promoting self-reliance? Are empowering & strengths-based approaches used? Are the strengths & abilities of families identified & built upon?

40 EFFECTIVE PRACTICES: Flexible & Responsive
Tailor practices to the needs of diverse families Provide supports as needed by families Services are flexible in type, language, etc., & change as needed Services respond to emerging family & community issues

41 EFFECTIVE PRACTICES: Partnership Approaches
Families influence policies & practices Coordination & collaboration among service providers is maximized Families & professionals advocate together for fair, responsive, & accountable services & systems

42 EFFECTIVE PRACTICES: Linkages with Supports
Professionals work with families to mobilize formal & informal resources to support families Professionals work with families & communities to build community supports

43 EFFECTIVE PRACTICES: Linkages with Supports
Supports include: Schools Neighborhoods Religious institutions Peers, friends Media Health care providers Policymakers

44 EFFECTIVE PRACTICES: Universally Available & Voluntary
Programs, supports & services are offered to the broad community Programs, supports, & services are seen as an opportunity to learn & grow, not to “fix” dysfunction Participation is voluntary

45 EFFECTIVE PRACTICES: Comprehensive & coordinated
Multiple supports are available & used to reinforce positive outcomes Families have access to comprehensive information & coordinated resources Supports are available as long as needed Families can access “one-stop” services

46 EFFECTIVE PRACTICES: Easily Accessible
Services are available in non-threatening environments that are convenient to families Services are available at the times that families can take advantage of them Supports are provided for participation

47 EFFECTIVE PRACTICES: Easily Accessible
Services are available to wide range of families without limiting eligibility standards Effective outreach to diverse communities ensures that families are aware of available services

48 EFFECTIVE PRACTICES: Long Term & Adequate Intensity
Services are provided for as long as needed and to the extent needed Services respond to changing needs Services provide opportunities to celebrate short-term successes & work to maintain long-term positive outcomes

49 EFFECTIVE PRACTICES: Long-term & Adequate Intensity
Time needed is taken to develop trust, identify all needed services & supports, & comprehensively address needs through building knowledge & mastering skills

Are services flexible & responsive? Are services flexible to respond to unique needs or circumstances of families? Can service intensity be varied based on needs? Are services offered at convenient times & locations? Are incentives & supports (childcare, transportation, refreshments) for participation provided?

Are effective partnership approaches used? Are families recognized & treated as partners? Are families provided with the supports they need for effective partnership? Are services provided in partnership with other providers, to ensure coordination? Are participants linked with formal & informal supports?

Are services universally available & voluntary? Are services offered to a broad range of families, not just families with problems? Are families who request services able to access them? Are services comprehensive, coordinated & integrated? Do programs bring all needed services together for easy access by families?

Are services easily accessible? Are services in non-threatening & convenient locations & times? Can families easily access staff when needed? Are families aware of services & how to access them? Are services long-term & with adequate intensity? Are services provided with the frequency & intensity needed? Do services continue even after short-term successes to ensure maintenance of desired outcomes?

Importance of effective administration & management of: Overall agencies & organizations Programs within agencies

Administrative structure Budget/financial management Funding & overall resource development Board of directors Human resources & personnel management Facility operations

Organizational policies & procedures Quality assurance & outcome measures Long-term & strategic planning Public relations & marketing Community support & collaboration

Program structure, components, design & procedures Practices related to interactions with families served Funding of program Supervision, staff development, & training Pertinent certifications & licensures

Annual program work plan & long-range plans for the program Record-keeping Evaluation & reporting Use of advisory groups Cooperative & collaborative relationships with other programs & groups

59 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Sound Program Structure, Design, & Practices
Program activities reflect the beliefs & incorporate effective practice standards for promotion/prevention programs Family support principles are modeled in all program activities – planning, governance, & administration

60 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Sound Program Structure, Design, & Practices
Design, procedures, & timeframes for implementation are documented & understandable to staff & families Program manuals reflect concepts, practices, & administrative standards of the program

61 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Committed, Caring Staff
Quality of staff & their ability to interact effectively with families & other professionals is key Staff & families work together in relationships based on equality & mutual respect Staff are warm, empathetic, effective listeners, & use a strength-based approach Adequate staff training & supervision is provided

62 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Data Collection & Dissemination
Service levels & outcomes are collected & reported to staff, Board, & families, & community Relevant data is gathered at all stages from diverse sources Staff are trained in record-keeping & report preparation

63 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Data Collection & Documentation
Intake data: Source of referral Family structure & membership Major strengths Major concerns/issues Available resources & sources of support Voluntary nature of participation

64 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Data Collection & Documentation
Service summary data: Frequency & intensity of service(s) provided over time #s of families receiving services & supports Types of services provided Information on who is providing services

65 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Data Collection & Documentation
Descriptive Data: Length of time of service Level of family’s participation Extent of goals achieved Reason for termination of services

66 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Outcomes Measures & Evaluation
Use of quantitative & qualitative data to evaluate program effectiveness & accomplishment of desired outcomes Identify changes in circumstances, knowledge, skill, attitudes, behaviors

67 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Outcome Measures & Evaluation
Evaluation tools are: Relevant to program Relevant to families Relevant to characteristics of effective research (reliability & validity) Relevant to current parenting norms Relevant to staff skill sets Relevant to fiscal constraints of agency

68 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Outcome Measures & Evaluation
Strongest evaluations: Random assignment of participants Large enough sample size Short & long-term results Behaviors not just attitudes or beliefs Proper statistical analyses Publish positive & negative results Includes replication of successful programs Uses independent evaluators

69 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Outcome Measures & Evaluation
Evaluate benefits gained by families: Evidence of more effective parenting knowledge, attitudes, skills, behaviors Evidence of ability to cope with stresses Improved parent-child communication or bonding Enhanced ability to care for child(ren)’s physical & developmental needs Increased social supports & decreased risk indicators

70 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Adequate Funding & Long Range Plan
Stable & long-term funding is available for ongoing program implementation Elements include: Financial stability Annual & long-term plans for implementation, responding to family feedback, & addressing resource needs Meet accreditation, licensure & tax-exempt requirements as needed

71 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Collaboration with Families & Communities
Advisory groups, collaborations, & input foster family & community involvement Families & communities are involved in all program activities: planning, governance, administration, & evaluation

72 EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION: Collaboration with Families & Communities
The engagement & support of families & communities is key to sustaining & funding family support programs Participation ideas: Focus groups Family/community surveys Follow-up questionnaires Advisory groups Participation of families & community representatives on boards of directors

Does the program have sound structure, design, & practices? Is the agency conducting the program strong & stable, as evidenced by past success? Does the agency have documented program, management, & fiscal procedures in place? Are timeframes written & realistic?

Does the program incorporate critical beliefs & effective practices? Does the program follow an established & researched model? Is the program a good fit for the intended targeted population (families & community)?

Does the program have committed, caring staff? Are direct service staff caring, empathetic, sensitive, and dedicated? Are staff strong, credible, experienced, culturally-competent & credentialed? Are adequate training & supervision provided at the onset & ongoing?

Does the program have adequate data collection & documentation? Are record-keeping documents in place & ready for use in a timely manner? Is the infrastructure adequate to manage data collection & preparation of reports?

Does the program measure outcomes & conduct evaluations? Are well-defined & quantified levels of service routinely recorded? Are relevant outcomes measured? Is there a process in place for routine analysis of data on outcomes? Are evaluations shared with staff, Board, families & communities? Are evaluations used to improve services?

Does the program have adequate funding & long-range plans? Is the anticipated funding in line with the long-range plans? Are adequate funds available for current & long-term provision of effective services? Are long-term plans realistic & in line with family & community needs?

Do programs involve families & communities as equal partners & collaborators? Is family/community involvement evident through the use of advisory groups, family feedback surveys, focus groups, &/or other means? Is continued involvement by families & community members welcomed & used?

80 Family Strengthening & Support: Critical for Child Welfare
The most effective way to keep our children safe & healthy is to ensure that their families are strong from the start. The most effective intervention is promotion & prevention.

Download ppt "Strengthening Families: The Key to Safe & Healthy Children"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google