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The Whole Student Keenyn R. Wald, LPC Mississippi State University Student Counseling Services.

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Presentation on theme: "The Whole Student Keenyn R. Wald, LPC Mississippi State University Student Counseling Services."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Whole Student Keenyn R. Wald, LPC Mississippi State University Student Counseling Services

2 $56,564.67

3

4

5 Overview Development over the life-span College Student Development Counseling Skills Counseling Services

6 Life-Span Development Infancy1-3 yearsAutonomy vs Shame/Doubt Early Childhood3-5 yearsInitiative vs Guilt Middle/Late Childhood6 years to pubertyIndustry vs Inferiority Adolescence10-20 yearsIdentity vs Identity Confusion Early Adulthood20s-30sIntimacy vs Isolation Middle Adulthood40s-50sGenerativity vs Stagnation Late Adulthood60s and onwardsIntegrity vs Despair

7 Life-Span Development Infancy1-3 yearsAutonomy vs Shame/Doubt Early Childhood3-5 yearsInitiative vs Guilt Middle/Late Childhood6 years to pubertyIndustry vs Inferiority Adolescence10-20 yearsIdentity vs Identity Confusion Early Adulthood20s-30sIntimacy vs Isolation Middle Adulthood40s-50sGenerativity vs Stagnation Late Adulthood60s and onwardsIntegrity vs Despair

8 Come mothers and fathers Throughout the land And don't criticize What you can't understand Your sons and your daughters Are beyond your command Your old road is Rapidly agin' Please get out of the new one If you can't lend your hand For the times they are a-changin'. Dylan, B., 1964

9 Emerging Adulthood 18-28 Period of exploration and change Role experimentation, finding the right “fit” Arnett, 2006

10 Emerging Adulthood Semi autonomy Students take on some of the responsibilities, but others they leave up to the care of parents Arnett, 2006

11 Emerging Adulthood Psychological development is not inevitable Think back to the vs stages of Erikson Arnett, 2006

12 Emerging Adulthood Development is fostered when the student’s environment provides a balance of challenge and support Arnett, 2006

13 Emerging Adulthood “the upward potential of youth is given wings by the encouragement, the wisdom and the leadership of adults far more than by any stirrings inherent in the adolescent’s nature” John J. Mitchell

14 Emerging Adulthood The goal of emerging adulthood is to transform into an adult Arnett, 2006

15 Emerging Adulthood Accepting responsibility for one’s self, making independent decisions, and being financially independent Arnett, 2006

16 College Development

17 Arthur Chickering Identified seven vectors of development through the college years Chickering, 1993

18 Developing Competence Intellectual Social Physical Chickering, 1993

19 Managing Emotions Channel and release emotions, delay gratification, and tolerate some level of anxiety Chickering, 1993

20 Autonomy → Interdependence Striving for self-sufficiency Chickering, 1993

21 Mature Interpersonal Relationships Healthy and positive relationships characterized by tolerance and reciprocity Increased appreciation of differences Acceptance of flaws in self and others Chickering, 1993

22 Establishing Identity Integrate different facets of self “assembling a jigsaw puzzle” A healthy self-concept through all phases of identity; vocational, personal, social Self-acceptance Chickering, 1993

23 Developing Purpose “many college students are all dressed up but do not know where they want to go. They have energy, but no destination. While they may have clarified who they are and where they came from, they have only the vaguest notion of who they want to be” Chickering, 1993

24 Developing Integrity Question and examine inherited values, retain and/or revising some, discarding others, and adding new ones Congruence between values and actions Chickering, 1993

25 Invisible suitcase storage unit

26 Challenge and support

27 What an amazing opportunity!

28 Shim et al., 2009 Financial habits (+/-) formed at this age are likely to persist throughout adulthood

29 Shim et al., 2009 $$ Knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors acquired during this period can affect their lives profoundly

30 Shim et al., 2009 Financial independence is a key to achieving “adult” status

31 Student Loan Debt MS Avg: $27,322 57% of population with debt Nat’l $29,400 projectstudentdebt.org AL Avg: $26,450 53% of population with debt

32 ACHA/NCHA Within the past 12 months, which of the following have been traumatic or very difficult to handle: 33% of respondents Only academics was higher with 44% Santrock, 2008

33 You get them at their best…

34 …and at their worst

35 And you get to impact them throughout

36 Counseling

37 Warning Signs

38 Sudden change in behavior

39 Hopelessness & helplessness

40 Sleep disturbances

41 Substance use

42 High-risk behavior

43 Repeated/frequent appointments

44 Emotional distress

45 Using funds for others

46 Counseling Depression Anxiety Transition to college

47 Counseling Relationship issues Grief Substance use

48 Counseling Academic Concerns Identity issues Eating disorders

49 Counseling Skills

50 What is good listening?

51 Curiosity

52 Eye Contact Power differential Culturally appropriate Observe the students’ reaction and style – How well you are doing will be reflected

53 Vocal Qualities Tone and speech rate – I am happy to be here today. Accents?

54 Body Language Face them squarely and lean slightly forward Have an expressive face Use encouraging gestures Be yourself

55 Empathy Does not mean agreeing them about everything Trying to view it from their perspective Be genuine, use your own experiences

56 Summarizing and Paraphrasing Using their own words Using your words

57 Environment What is in your office environment? Certifications Art Plants How are you defined by your space?

58 Carl Rogers Congruence Unconditional Positive Regard Empathy

59 R.E.S.P.E.C.T.F.U.L. Religious/Spiritual identity Economic class background Sexual identity Psychological maturity Ethnic/racial identity Lewis et al., 2011

60 R.E.S.P.E.C.T.F.U.L. Chronological/developmental challenges Trauma and other threats to one’s well-being Family background and history Unique physical characteristics Location of residence and language differences Lewis et al., 2011

61 You can only do what you can do

62 References Santrock, J. W. (2008). Essentials for life-span development. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Arnett, J. J. (2006). Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through the twenties. New York, NY: Oxford University Press Chickering, A. W. & Reisser, L. (1993). Education and identity. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Lewis, J. A., Lewis, M. D., Daniels, J. A., & D’Andrea, M. J. (2011). Community Counseling: A Multicultural-social justice perspective. Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Shim, S., Barber, B.L., Card, N.A., Xiao, J.J., & Serido, J. (2009). Financial socialization of first-year college students: The roles of parents, work, and education. Journal of Youth Adolescence, 39, 1457-1470.


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