Presentation on theme: "For Students with More Significant Disabilities"— Presentation transcript:
1For Students with More Significant Disabilities STUDENT-LED IEPS-Welcome-Introduce Myself-explain about Susan-Poll audience- and ask if anyone wants to share experiences-OK-lets get started--Give handouts outFor Students with More Significant Disabilities
2What exactly is a student-led IEP meeting? An IEP meeting where the most important person at the meeting-THE STUDENT- takes part in the meeting to the greatest extent possible.-Sometimes called a student-directed IEP, possibly a more accurate name.-Rather than just sitting at a table and listening to people talk until they are told where to sign their name, Sitting around a bunch of people talking about you and making decisions for you is actually teaching a student to be less self-determined.The greatest extent possible is different for each child.
3I DecideSelf- Determination is Making My Dreams Happen by Having Choices and Control over My Life
4Student-Led IEPs foster Self-Determination Self-Determination is “a combination of skills, knowledge, and beliefs that enable a person to engage in goal-directed, self- regulated, autonomous behavior. An understanding of one's strengths and limitations, together with a belief of oneself as capable and effective are essential to self-determination. When acting on the basis of these skills and attitudes, individuals have greater ability to take control of their lives and assume the role of successful adults in our society” (Field, Martin, Miller, Ward, and Wehmeyer, 1998, p.2). Wehmeyer (2002)also says, “Self-determined people are actors in their own lives instead of being acted upon by others.”
5Becoming My Own Self-Advocate As an Adult, you will need to speak up for yourself. When you do this you are being a “self-advocate”.Good Self-Advocates are informed about the topic they are discussing. They speak calmly and clearly. They listen while others speak and consider the importance of what they are hearing.
6What does the law say about students leading their IEP meetings? The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act says: Students (regardless of how young, but always by age 16) must be invited to an IEP meeting where transition will be discussed. AND The student’s individual strengths, weaknesses, needs, and interests must be considered when the IEP is being completed, as well as throughout its implementation
7Student-Led IEPs incorporate proven best practices in transition education Student Focused PlanningStudent DevelopmentCollaboration and Program StructureFamily InvolvementThe No Child Left Behind Act of 2001(NCLB), requires that all teachers use research proven instructional methods in their classrooms. These 4 best practices in transition have shown to produce optimal student outcomes.Student Focused Planning- a federally mandated practice(the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA)) that takes into account the student’s individual strengths, weaknesses, needs, and interests when the Individualized Education Plan (IEP) is being completed and throughout its implementation. We, as special educators, have to realize that though we play quite a large role in the planning of a student’s current and future goals, they are still goals that belong to the student, not to us. However, many students with special needs may not be aware of the fact that they are the ones that control the outcomes of their lives, both today and tomorrow. It is for this reason, that we must make teaching self-determination and self-awareness skills part of our student-focused planning and curriculum. Our desire is that our students will also take part in focusing on themselves, as they, along with the team- plan. After years of discussing themselves-strengths/limitations, accommodations, etc., students will be better prepared to communicate these things in their adult years.Student Development- We cannot narrowly focus on just one or two areas of adulthood, but rather must take a full assessment of students needs in these important areas and then teach specifically to those. Some of the areas of student development that have the strongest evidence of promoting skills needed for successful transition are: teaching purchasing skills, teaching banking skills, teaching students to fill out job applications, and teaching other skills needed to keep and get a job to name a few(Test, Fowler, Richther, White, Mazzotti, Walker, Kohler, & Kortering, 2009, p ).Family Involvement- family involvement has been shown to improve school attendance, increase higher education attendance, assessment scores, improve student self-esteem, confidence, and drop-out rates-all factors that will lead to more successful transitions into adulthood. In fact, Becky Hawbaker found that parents are more involved b/c they feel less intimidated when students are doing the talking and leading at a meetingCollaboration/Useful Program Structures- this refers to how we design and organize our programs in school that facilitate the teaching of transition skills- the how’s and when’s. Real life experiences must take place, rather than just classroom practice of skills. Also, students must get used to meeting and working with a wide array of service providers from birth and throughout adulthood- All team members, and the student must establish a teamwork oriented mindset in preparing life span issues from the very beginningSource: National Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center
8Existing Curriculums and Guides Choicemaker- “Self-Directed IEP”Next S.T.E.P.Whose Future is it anyway?- The ARCNichcy’s-A Student’s Guide to the IEP
9Examples of Students Leading IEP Meetings Examples of students of varying levels leading in different modes-all have some components of the existing curriculums and guides but are geared toward students with more significant disabilities and are adapted to suit them “individually”
11Quick Start Guide 4 Steps Step 1- Pre-Meeting Planning Step 2- During Meeting Activities Step 3- Post Meeting Debriefing Step 4- Annual Review of Previous MeetingNot Rocket science- this is just how I do it- make it work for you.Easier in Self-contained; time constraints can be difficult
12STEP 1- Pre-Meeting Planning Activities:Case manager completes state mandated sections of IEP.Student completes interest inventories and skill assessmentsCase manager and student work together to choose remaining goals, based on results of assessmentsMode of IEP meeting presentation is decided uponComponents of meeting are createdStudent practices-This is the most important and time consuming step.-Role playing helps the student with his or her IEP and creates interest for other students who help.
13Step 2: During meeting activities Case manager explains that student will be leading meeting and questions may be presented to him or her, as well as the student, as meeting proceeds.Student begins the meeting.Case manager sits back and listens unless the student or other team members have questions.Case manager takes control of meeting back over at the necessary pointSignatures and other issues of compliance that student may or may not be qualified to initiate.
14Step 3: Post-meeting debriefing Case manager provides student with much praise for his or her performance in meeting.Case manager asks student how he or she felt during meeting.Case manager asks student what went well and what could have gone better.Case manager documents student response and files them with the IEP for future reference.If meeting was filmed, watch it and discuss.
15Step 4: Annual review of previous meeting Before the process is completed the following year, review student responses and/or video from previous yearUse last year’s shortcomings or strengths to guide the upcoming processReturn to Step 1- IT’S THAT EASY!
16Helpful hints Send draft of IEP home before meeting Be prepared to intervene, but don’t take overAlways be sure that students have a question and answer time for team members at some point in the meetingFilm student in meeting-you may use it for other things laterMake sure the student really understands the purpose of an IEP, rather than just going through the motions-Remember you all have to adapt student-led IEP planning and implementation to your own need, schedule, and most importantly, to the individual student.
17ReferencesEvidence Based Secondary Transition Practices.(2011). Retrieved from:Hawbaker, B.W. (2007). Student-Led IEP meetings: Implementation strategies. Teaching Exceptional Children Plus, 3 (5), Article 1. Retrieved February 12, 2012 from:Field, Martin, Miller, Ward, and Wehmeyer, (1998). A practical guide for teaching self-determination. Council for Exceptional Children. Reston, VA: CEC Publications.Test, D.W., Fowler, C.H., Richther, S.M., White, J., Mazzotti, V., Walker, A.R., Kohler, P., & Kortering, L. (2009). Evidence-based practices in secondary transition. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals, 32,Uphold, Nicole M.; Walker, Allison R.; and Test, David W. (2007) "Resources for Involving Students in Their IEP Process," TEACHING Exceptional Children Plus: Vol. 3: Iss. 4, Article Available at:
18Presenter Contact InformationMarisol Walker, M. ED Special Education Teacher at Shelby County High School Carla Layton, ED.S Program Specialist