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M&I Postdoc Workshop Topics

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1 M&I Postdoc Workshop Topics
      Grant Funding Sources & Developmental Plans       Grant Review       Job Interview & Offer Negotiation       Responding to an Advertised Job Ad - Effective Use of Cover Letter, Executive Summary, and CV Drs. Niesel, Wikel, Wang       Building up Your Own Research Interests and Pilot Grants Drs. Soong, Cong, Endsley       Opportunities within Global Health Drs. LeDuc, White, Garg

2 Building up Your Own Research Interests and Pilot Grants
Pilot Grants & Postdoctoral Fellowships from NIH (Endsley) Pilot Grants & Postdoctoral Fellowships from Foundations (Cong) Developing Your Own Research Projects (Soong) Open Discussion

3 USAID and USG Levels of Organization
White House White House Congress Other USG Agencies: HHS (CDC), DOL, DOD, etc OMB NSC Millennium Challenge Corporation State Dept. Office of the U.S. Global AIDS Coordinator (OGAC) PEPFAR Director of Foreign Assistance (F) Agency Office of the Inspector General Office of Small & Disadvantaged Businesses Utilization USAID Office of the Administrator Deputy Administrator Counselor Executive Secretariat Office of the General Counsel Office of Security Office of Equal Opportunity Programs Office of Development Partners And Overseas Bureau Global Health Democracy, Conflict & Humanitarian Response Economic Growth, Agriculture & Trade Africa Asia/Middle East Europe & Eurasia Latin America & the Caribbean Management Legislative & Public Affairs This is how the organizational hierarchy looks now. All of the processes going on now (PSD, QDDR, and GHI) and the naming of a new administrator are all factors that may affect the hierarchy, most likely at the while house and agency level. In the past presidential appointments stop mostly at the Agency level, but the previous administration did select the GH Assistant Administrator (Kent Hill). Mention that “anyone wishing to get a broader more detailed overview of USAID should take the New Employee orientation offered by HR/TE, and read the "USAID Primer: What We Do and How We Do It“ from the Web site. Operating Unit Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance Office of Transition Initiatives Food for Peace Field Missions This USAID organization chart shows the relationship of USAID to external stakeholders at the top and to operating units at the bottom. Note that there are many Operating Units both in Washington and the Field which are not represented in this chart.

4 This is how the organizational hierarchy looks now
This is how the organizational hierarchy looks now. All of the processes going on now (PSD, QDDR, and GHI) and the naming of a new administrator are all factors that may affect the hierarchy, most likely at the while house and agency level. In the past presidential appointments stop mostly at the Agency level, but the previous administration did select the GH Assistant Administrator (Kent Hill). Mention that “anyone wishing to get a broader more detailed overview of USAID should take the New Employee orientation offered by HR/TE, and read the "USAID Primer: What We Do and How We Do It“ from the Web site.

5 Agriculture USAID The food that we eat connects each of us to the world of agriculture. Farmers and livestock producers in every country are responsible for most of the supply of food that goes through grocery stores and markets in towns and cities. USAID works with all participants in agricultural development to support efforts to increase productivity. Democracy & Governance The idea of democracy is closely linked to the national identity of the United States. Even during the most isolationist periods in our early history, our relatively young country was seen as a shining beacon to individuals and families seeking personal freedoms. Expanding the global community of democracies is a key objective of U.S. foreign policy. Economic Growth & Trade Almost two-thirds of the world’s population lives on less than $2 per day. Families are hard-pressed, at this level of income, to meet their daily needs for food and shelter. USAID economic growth and trade programs provide support both to government and private sector partners in lower-income countries to improve the levels of income their citizens enjoy. Environment Growing populations are placing increasing pressure on the natural resources in many countries and many of these resources, once used, are not renewable. USAID takes an integrated approach to natural resources management. Land and water must be managed skillfully so that they are able to maintain our basic ability to produce food for the nine billion people that the world is expected to have by 2050. Education & Training The ability to read and write — or literacy — is a basic skill for people to live and work in today’s world. Yet more than 900 million adults are not literate, primarily in developing countries. More than 125 million children who should be in school are not. USAID emphasizes programs of support for basic education and places a special emphasis on improving opportunities for girls, women and other underserved and disadvantaged populations. Global Health The USAID’s programs in global health represent the commitment and determination of the US government to prevent suffering, save lives, and create a brighter future for families in the developing world. Global Partnerships Since its inception, USAID has worked in cooperation with U.S. and international partners to improve conditions for people around the world. While these partnerships have long been key to USAID's success, this strategy has never been more important than now. USAID is committed to an approach that recognizes and incorporates the efforts of partnership and private giving, focusing on grassroots support, local ownership, sustainability, accountability, and--not least--passion and commitment. Humanitarian Assistance The United States gives more to those in crisis than any other country in the world. USAID is the U.S. Government agency that is responsible for directing these contributions to thousands of non-profit partners and international organizations. USAID ensures that all of this assistance is spent in the way that most effectively helps those who are in need.

6 Pillar Bureaus Democracy, Conflict, and Humanitarian Response (DCHA)
Global Health (GH) Economic Growth, Agriculture, and Trade (EGAT)* In a given sector, they Provide global technical leadership Engage in strategic planning Lead innovation and research Provide technical support to the field Share lessons learned Folks should refer to the main USAID org chart featured in slide 3 *include the Education Sector Most important points is that the pillar bureaus are the HOME of the technical expertise of the Agency in that sector. Global Technical Leadership ( USAID experts going out to the field, ie Murray Trostle, and Al Bartlett) Sectoral Strategic Planning – there will never be enough money, so which ones do you need to focus on them and why? In health DHS is critical to help in setting priorities and planning Innovation and Research - best and most recent research on program, we know how to support and track effective country progress. Technical Support to the Field - general programming help for country level support, etc. Sharing lessons learned: they analyze and decide: what ARE the lessons?

7 Structure of the Bureau
Office of the Assistant Administrator (AA/DAA) Office of Strategic Planning, Budgeting, and Operations (SPBO) Office of Professional Development & Management Support (PDMS) Office of Population & Reproductive Health (PRH) Office of HIV/AIDS (OHA) Office of Health, Infectious Diseases & Nutrition (HIDN) Office of Regional & Country Support (RCS) Refer to detailed org charts in section 3 of the notebook for each office. Talk about the total number of Bureau staff, in DC and in the field. Although this is not clear on this org chart, the Malaria Coordinator is at the AA level within Global Health. Throughout the week, you will be hearing from each office in GH, and we’ll start with PDMS.

8 Health, Infectious Diseases & Nutrition

9 Regional Bureaus Headed by Assistant Administrator – “Front Office”
Provide administrative & management support via AMS office Lead strategic planning for a region Maintain budget Maintain limited number of sectoral technical staff Provide oversight and support to mission programs Are primary interface with Missions Serve as principal contact with State Department Asia and Middle East (AME) Europe and Eurasia (E&E) Africa (AFR) Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) Do they even do strategic planning? Person who write the AEF (workplan) for the mission director is in regional bureau.

10 USAID in the Field (Overseas)
Bi-lateral Missions Regional Platforms Limited USAID Presence Bi-lateral: In countries where USAID provides an integrated package of assistance regardless of category (rebuilding; developing; transforming or sustaining) Regional Platform: provide regional services to other overseas organizations (like what?). regional program management (example?), and non-presence country support (examples of non-presence countries) Limited USAID presence: Countries where aid to non-governmental sectors is necessary to facilitate the emergence of a civic society, help alleviate repression, meet basic humanitarian needs, enhance food security, or influence a problem with regional or global implications

11 Functions of field mission
Link to a country government Request and recommend resources Make use of those resources Design programs and implement agreements with country Track implementation of agreements Coordinate with other donors Accountable to Washington Host and take care of official visitors Resources can be people.. Mission is a primary interface with a country government

12 New Challenges/Hot Topics
Global Health Initiative The Interagency Process Integration Health Systems Women’s Centered Approaches XDRTB Avian influenza and H1N1 Polio Eradication

13

14 USAID Development experience clearing house http://dec.usaid.gov/
USA Department of State: AAAS fellowships Public Health Institute- GHFP fellowships (www.ghfp.net/)

15 If you have not taken yet, you may consider courses in Public health
Beyond that, it is really networking that would pay off, Identify the issue you are passionate about, not just seeking a job, and participate in community oriented activities Reach out to schools, Mayor, Congressman/woman, become members of societies that align your thoughts and ideas   Active approach- choose passion, explore NGOs, organizations, and get your foot in-


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