Presentation on theme: "Romania Gheorghe ieica Secondary School Craiova. A set of questions related to migration applied to a number of about 20 migrants."— Presentation transcript:
Romania Gheorghe ieica Secondary School Craiova
A set of questions related to migration applied to a number of about 20 migrants
Question 1: What is the age of the people emigrating?
Question 2: What are the reasons for emigration? povertya more attractive job relationships in that country other reasons 60%20%15%5%
Question 3: What are the criteria for country selection? financial possibilities civilized country 80%20%
Question 4: Are you adapted to the new country? a. language yesnonot much 65%25%10%
b. school easydifficultsimilar 65%20%15%
Why not? I do not understand the language The concepts are too difficult for me I was not accepted 35%30%35%
c. work yesnonot very well 40%45%15%
Why not? I do not understand what I have to do I am discriminated There is too much work 25%55%20%
Question 5: Have you had problems of ethnicity ?
Why – yes? are Romaniansforeigners are not allowed 65%35%
Question 6: Was tradition an impediment for you? yesnonot much 15%80%5%
Question 7: Do immigrants return to their country? How many? yesno when you retireafter making enough money 15%70%5% 10 %
Question 8: Do you feel at home in this new country? Yes 65% No 35%
Question 9: Do you have real friends here in the new country? Yes 40% No 60%
Question 10: What about the material living conditions, education etc. you experience at this time? Are they better than they might have been in your home country?
Question 11: Do you want to return to the country where you were born? yesnoI do not know 5%60%35%
Question 12: Do you feel discriminated against?
Question 13: Do you miss the country where you were born?
Question 14: Do you believe that you have more opportunities in this new country?
In this study we will present the results of the migration questionnaires and analyse people’s possibility of migration regarded as a world-wide phenomenon. The territorial movement of people is related to the economic development and to the relationship between different countries around the world. Generally, the people migrate from the poorest regions towards the richer ones, where they can enjoy a better life. In Europe, people’s migration has multiple causes: precarious living conditions, social and personal insecurity, the overcrowding of some demographical areas, certain natural disasters, political and religious persecutions.
Romania, though not a popular destination for immigrants, has recently experienced a growing wave of immigration, mostly from The Republic of Moldova, Turkey and China, but also from Africa, the Middle East, and the former Soviet Union. In 2005, there were 133,000 immigrants living in Romania, 13,000 of them being refugees. More than half of the country's foreign-born residents originate from Moldova. Immigration is expected to increase in the future, as large numbers of Romanian workers leave the country while being replaced by foreigners. According to our National Department studying migration, Romania has evolved from a country of transit for illegal migrants to a country of destination. Within the European Union, the country has the second highest rate of immigration from non-EU countries, just behind Slovenia.
The Romanian transnational migration represents one of the most important social processes that our country had to face during the past two decades, involving over 3,5 million citizens. The majority of our compatriots have left, especially to work in countries such as Italy, Spain, France, England, Greece, and in countries from other continents. The biggest Romanian immigrant community from different European states is in Italy and Spain, and the migration phenomenon from Romania is still in process. The main purpose of this study is to answer three important questions: Who are those who have left from Romania to other European countries and the other way around? In what regions are they living and working?
Which are the most important reasons of their option for this country? In what measure living in a foreign society has influenced their cultural identity and their value options? Are they feeling at home abroad? The main research methods that we have used are the statistical method and the opinion inquiry based on questionnaires. The initial hypothesis, that Romanians living abroad have generally preserved their cultural identity, was confirmed by the results of the sociological field research.
But in a marked sign of how quickly the economies of Western Europe have deteriorated, foreign workers are now heading home, hoping to find better job prospects, or at least lower costs of living, in their native lands. So, we could say that the Romanian children born abroad, who are returning home together with their families, are now emigrants. In Craiova, as of 2012, 243,765 inhabitants live within the city limits, a decrease from the figures recorded in 2002, making it the sixth most populous city in Romania. Ethnic composition: Romanians: 237,233 (97.32%) Romanians Hungarians: 168 (0.06%) Hungarians Germans: 83 (0.03%) Germans Serbs: 34 (0.01%) Serbs Roma: 10,116 (4.15%) Roma Italians: 178 (0.06%) Italians Greeks: 188 (0.06%) Greeks and 471 others.
Concerning our school, we could say that there are studying not only Romanian children born abroad, in countries such as Italy, Spain, Germany, but also students whose families are from Arab countries, Greece, Republic of Moldova. Emigration and immigration are a major problem in Europe today. This problem requires will and soul in order to be solved !