Presentation on theme: "Warm-up What are the two main languages in Latin America?"— Presentation transcript:
1Warm-up What are the two main languages in Latin America? Most people practice what religion in Latin America?Most countries in Latin America have what type of climate?Canada has what two types of government?Some in what Canadian province would like to form their own country?
6Notebook Check1. Answer to number 5 on page links to the UK back of page 7 3. Answer to number 10 on page Two types of government found in Canada page 7 5. One reason for air pollution in Mexico City page 13
7Ahhh Haaa chart.Write down things that they already know about Mexico, Brazil, Venezuela, and Cuba.
8Mexico’s Locationsouth of the US, east of the Pacific Ocean, and west of the Gulf of Mexico & Caribbean Sealocated between major bodies of water:great opportunities for tradingcan easily ship goods around the worldanother advantage: close to US, so trade between two countries is convenient
10Mexico’s ClimateClimate varies according to location: deserts in the north, tropical beaches, plains, plateaus, & the Sierra Madre Mountains.Most people live in central Mexico:arable farmland with enough rain to grow cropsmany manufacturing centers are located here (provide jobs to 75% of the country’s population)
11Govt. Language and Population Federal Presidential Democracy104,900,000Spanish
12Mexico’s Natural Resources Oil is one of the top exports:exports 1.7 million barrels/dayMoney from oil sales provides 1/3 of government’s budget.It is one of the world’s top producers of silver.Agriculture Other exports include fruits, vegetables, coffee, & cotton.Tourism is also a major industry.
13Venezuela’s Locationin northeast part of South America; just north of equatorcoasts on Caribbean Sea and Atlantic Oceangives it easy access to trade with other countriesnearby Panama Canal provides a shortcut to the Pacific to trade with Asian countriesmountains in the north and south, only about 3% arable land
15Venezuela’s Climate hot, tropical climate cooler in the mountains rain varies by region (16 inches on the coast; over 100 inches in the mountains)
16Where People Live in Venezuela urban: 88%rural: 12%Presidential DemocracySpanish25,700,00
17Venezuela’s Natural Resources sixth-largest oil exporter in the worldproduces 2.8 million barrels/day90% of the money the government makes on trade comes from oil exportsFarming provides jobs for 10% of the population.
18Trade in Venezuela 90% of money made on exports comes from oil 4 major seaportsother exports: bauxite and aluminum, steel, chemicals, agricultural products, basic manufacturestourism
19Brazil’s Locationeastern side of South America, along the coast of the Atlantic Oceanshares a border with nearly every country in South AmericaAmazon River and other large rivers stretch across Brazil
20Brazil’s ClimateLocation on the equator gives it the climate needed to support one of the world’s largest rainforests.Climate is mostly hot and tropical.In the south, the climate is temperate (mild).
21Brazil’s Natural Resources Only 7% of land is arable, but Brazil makes the most of this resourceFarmers grow 1/3rd of the world’s coffee, and lead the world in production of oranges, papayas, sugar cane, and soybeansOnly the US exports more farm products that Brazil
23Where People Live in Brazil urban: 84%rural: 16%most populated country in Latin Americalargest Portuguese-speaking country in the worldmost Brazilians live along the coasts; 80% live within 200 miles of the ocean176,500,000PortuguesePresidential Democracy
24Brazil’s Trade 7 major seaports exports: transportation equipment, iron ore, soybeans, footwear, coffee, autos, sugar, fruitstourismAmazon Rainforest attracts many visitorsbeaches are another attractionUSA is Brazil’s largest trading partner
25Cuba’s Locationan island 90 miles south of Florida, in the Caribbean Sea700 miles longlargest island in the West Indieslocation on ocean trading routes has been an important influence on its history and economy
26Cuba’s Climate tropical but moderated by trade winds It’s warm to hot all year long, but the winds provide relief from the heatrainy season from May to October and a dry season from November to Apriltarget for hurricanesHurricane season runs from June to November.
27Cuba’s Natural Resources 28% of Cuba’s land is arablemost important export: sugar caneother exports include: coffee, fish, fruits, & tobaccoTourism is a fast-growing industry.
29Communism in CubaThe Communist government of the Soviet Union helped support Cuba for many years.When it collapsed in 1991, Cuba faced difficult times.Trade from other countries does not bring in enough money to meet needs of Cuba’s people.Government sometimes orders businesses & factories to close.Also orders blackouts—times when all electricity is cut off in order to save electricity.
30Government, Language and Population urban: 76%rural: 24%Communist Dictatorship11,300,000Spanish
31Cuba’s Trade 3 major seaports exports: sugar, nickel, tobacco, fish, medical products, citrus, coffeeVenezuela is Cuba’s largest trading partner; it sells oil to Cuba at a reduced price.
32Ahhh Haaa chart.Write down three new facts you learned about each country in the corresponding section of the chart.
33Latin American Mascots Directions: You and your partner have been chosen by the United Nations to come up with a mascot to represent each of the following countries: Cuba, Mexico, Brazil, and Venezuela. Think about all of the information that you learned today in class. Your group will need to create an illustration of each mascot. Your group will also need to write an explanation as to why the mascots were chosen to represent each country. Please use the chart below to brainstorm your ideas.