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Revolutionary War Project By James Sedgeworth Next.

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1 Revolutionary War Project By James Sedgeworth Next

2 America had been settled for a very long time when the revolution started. The colonists had been looking after themselves and making their own rules for nearly two hundred years. They enjoyed the freedom of life in their new country. Now Britain – wanting to raise money from her colonies - was trying to make the colonists pay taxes. British parliament even began making laws for them – laws that they had to obey. Many Americans were willing to fight to stop them. In the end the ‘rebels’ (as the British called them) won the war and their freedom from Britain. They created a new nation with a brand new government. This nation was the United States of America. The American Revolution Next

3 Battles of the Revolution Use the timeline on the next slide to learn about some of the major battles of the American Revolution. Next

4 The Battle of Bunker Hill Battle of Trenton and Princeton 1775 1776 1776/7 1777 Battle of Saratoga 1777 The Battle of Kings Mountain 1780 The Battle of Yorktown 1781 Battles of Lexington and Concord 1775 Battle of Long Island Battle of Fort Ticonderoga The Battle of Savannah 1779 Click the star to learn about the battle. Click to learn about each battle / event. Bibliography

5 The Battle of Lexington and Concord Date: April 19, 1775 General(s)Winner Britain: Thomas Gage America: Captain Parker British spies had noticed that colonists were storing guns in Concord. The British decided to raid these supplies. As they set out, Paul Revere and his friend rode through the countryside letting minutemen know that the British were coming. They gathered in Lexington (a village on the way) hoping to stand up to the British. They lost, but minutemen kept up the attack as the British moved on to Concord and then back to camp near Boston. The rebels felt victorious. The British came away with only three cannons as the colonists had hidden the rest. This was the first time British subjects fired on British soldiers. The revolution had begun. Map

6 The Battle of Bunker Hill Date: June 17, 1775 General(s)Winner Britain: Thomas Gage America: Prescott and Putman British troops in Charlestown woke up to find Breades Hill (near Bunker Hill) covered in American troops. In one night the patriots had climbed up the hill and built a fort. General Gage ordered the British soldiers to go up the hill to take the fort. The Americans waited till the British were at close range then fired. They fell back twice. As they tried again to take the fort, the Americans ran out of ammunition and were forced to retreat. The British won the battle but they lost half of their 2000 soldiers. Map

7 The Battle of Long Island Date: August 27, 1776 General(s)Winner Britain: Howe and Clinton America: Washington Generals Howe and Clinton landed 15,000 soldiers on Long Island and surprised 6000 of Washington’s troops. Washington was badly defeated. He lost 2000 men in the battle before retreating. During the fall many other battles were fought around New York. The area eventually fell to the British. In November 1776 they captured Fort Washington on Manhattan and Fort Lee in New Jersey. The Continental Army had to leave New York. They crossed the Delaware and escaped into Pennsylvania. Map

8 The Battles of Trenton and Princeton Date: Dec 26, 1776 – Jan 7, 1777 General(s)Winner Britain + Hessians Johann Rall America: Washington George Washington led his troops across the frozen Delaware River on the day after Christmas to surprise the Hessian troops in Trenton. (The Hessians were German troops who were helping the British to fight the colonists.) Weary from Christmas parties, and unprepared for battle, the Hessians were badly defeated. The Americans won a quick second victory nearby in Princeton. Map

9 The Battle of Fort Ticonderoga Date: July 6, 1777 General(s)Winner Britain: Burgoyne America: Washington The British captured Fort Ticonderoga and all its war supplies. This was a terrible loss for Washington’s forces who really needed the weapons. Map

10 The Battle of Saratoga Date: Oct 17, 1777 General(s)Winner Britain: Burgoyne America: Gates and Arnold The colonists won their first significant battle at Saratoga. 5,700 men were taken prisoner. These soldiers were sent back to England and made to promise not to fight against America again. This was seen as a turning point in the war. Map

11 The Battle of Savannah Date: Dec 29, 1778 General(s)Winner Britain: Cornwallis and Clinton America: Howe Cornwallis and Clinton sailed from New York with 90 ships to take control of the southern colonies. In December 1778 he captured Savannah. He went on to win again at Charleston. Following this victory, Clinton returned to New York leaving Cornwallis in charge. Map

12 The Battle of King’s Mountain Date: Oct 7, 1780 General(s)Winner Britain: Ferguson America: Campbell, Sevier, Cleveland et al. In the South the Americans had to fight against the British and the Loyalists (colonists who had remained loyal to England. At King’s Mountain the rebels formed eight groups of 100 – 200 men. They crept up the hill behind the Loyalists firing at them from behind rocks and trees. The Americans were constantly on the move. It was hard for the Loyalists to find a target. The Americans used this tactic (hit and run) again and again in other battles in the South. Map

13 The Battle of Yorktown Date: Oct 19, 1781 General(s)Winner Britain: Cornwallis America: Washington By the summer of 1781 the Americans troops forced Cornwallis and his army to Yorktown. The French navy was on its way to Chesapeake Bay to help them. After defeating the British navy, French admiral de Grass positioned his boats to attack the British forts. Cornwallis was trapped between the American army and the French navy. On October 19, he and 8000 British troops surrendered. This was the last major battle of the American Revolution. Map

14 Bibliography Beyer K. Barry et al., United States And Its Neighbors; The World Around us. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York. Collier Macmillan Publishers, London. The Complete Book of United States History. McGraw Hill Children’s Publishing Columbus, Ohio 2002. Hakim, Joy. A History of Us; From Colonies to Country 1710 – 1791. Oxford University Press New York 1999. King C. David. Smithsonian Children’s Encyclopedia of American History. DK Publishing Inc 2003. Maestro, Betsy and Giulio, Liberty or Death; The American Revolution 1763 - 1783. HarperCollins Publishers 2005. Map

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