Presentation on theme: "Causes of the Civil War Think- What factors unite this country"— Presentation transcript:
1 Causes of the Civil War Think- What factors unite this country Causes of the Civil War Think- What factors unite this country? What factors divide this country? (examples) Could any of these factors split the nation? political, social(people), cultural(lifestyles), economic ($ differences), religionStudents will understand the series of events during the 1850’s that lead to a deterioration between the North and the South which lead the South to secede (break away) and start it’s own countryGoal Questions1) Analyze the key viewpoint that the both the North and South had towards slavery (beyond N against, S for)2-5)Identify and explain 5 factors that caused the country to divided into the Civil War
2 The issue of slavery South- wants to preserve slavery States Rights- slavery should be decided by each statePolitical power- need to create new slave states to retain power in SenateNorthAbolitionism- some in the North want to ban slaveryWilliam Lloyd Garrison “The Liberator” 1st anti-slavery newspaper?How does this create an anti-slavery movementExpansion in the west- majority of Northerners want to keep slavery out of land acquired from Mexico in the west and keep slavery where it already isWhy would Northerners only want to limit slavery rather than outright ban slavery?
3 Compromise of South wants more slave states in West to preserve political power, North wants to stop spread of slaveryCalifornia- wants statehoodGold Rush (1849)- thousands move to CA?Should Ca. be a slave or free state?Compromise of 1850CA. enters as a free stateSlave Trade in DC endedNew Mexico and Utah Territory open to slaveryFugitive Slave Law- N. forced to return run away slavesWhy would the N. be so upset over the FSL??Who was the big winner w. Comp. of 1850? N or S?
4 Kansas-Nebraska Act- extends slavery into an area it was once banned (in Louisiana Territory) Senator Stephan Douglass- wants a Transcontinental RR to end in Ill.Douglass needs S. supportWhat can Douglass over the S. as a compromise? (In regards to slavery)Missouri Compromise Repealed (May 1854) slavery is now allowed N. of 36*30*Upsets Northerners and destroys Whig party as slavery is now extended into North?What are Northerners most against about slavery?Two Territories CreatedNebraska- closed to slaveryKansas-Popular Sovereignty- people of the territory will vote on slavery*S. felt it would get a new state
5 Republican Party- founded as an anti-slavery party after the Whigs died out Whigs died because…Mexican-American War- against, fear new land would expand slavery?Why would being against the Mex./Am war hurt Whigs?Repeal of Missouri Comp.- Whigs could not stand up to the Democrats and protect an important law to prevent expansion of slaveryPeople wanted a party that was more reform oriented with the 2nd Great AwakeningRepublican Party- beliefsFree-Labor (liberty to chose job) slavery hurt regular workersMorally Opposed to Slavery- 2nd GA (how many slaves would Jesus own?)Planter Power- rich, southern minority had too much powerHow is the R. party different today?
6 Bleeding Kansas- mini-civil war breaks out in Kansas between Pro-slavery and Anti-slavery forces Fear- if KA. Becomes a slave state, so will the rest of the westPopular Sovereignty- citizens of KA. Vote on slaverySettlement of Kansas- both N and S. have people move to KA. Just to vote?Which side has the advantage in bringing voters into Ka?Election on Slavery- election is corrupted by S. who have citizens from Missouri cross border to vote (early and often)Pro-slavery majority wins electionBleeding Kansas- both N and S settlers in Ka. Start killing each otherJohn Brown- anti-slavery, dismembers peopleDo you feel John Brown is in the right morally?
7 Caning of Charles Sumner- violence breaks out in the halls of Congress between two politicians Charles Sumner- Rep. senator from MA (one of the first in congress)“Crime Against Kansas”- blames Bleeding KA. On SC and personally insults SC SenatorPreston Brooks- Rep. from SC begins attacking Sumner in CapitalSouth’s Reaction- sent Brooks canesRepublican Reaction- Sumner a martyr, gains popularity nationallyWhat does this event show about the nation and government in the 1850’s? Can Civil War be avoided? How?
8 Election of 1856 3 Candidates James Buchanan (Dem)- only criteria is that he did not vote on repeal Missouri Comp (anyone who did vote could not be elected President)Millard Fillmore (Know Nothings) anti-immigrantJames C. Fremont (Rep.)- hero of Mex/Am WarBuchanan wins and becomes worst President ever!Why do you feel Buchanan was not able to solve the problems of the nation?Rep. feel they can win next election if they have the right candidate! WHO?
9 Dred Scott Decision- Supreme Court declares slaves property (legalizes slavery everywhere in US) Sues for Freedom- felt living in a free state with his master made him a free citizenDoes living in a free state make a slave free? ExplainJustice Taney OpinionSlaves are not citizensImplies Af./Ams. are not American and have no place in US except as slavesMo. Compromise was unconstitutional- federal government has no right ban slaveryAll states open to slaveryWhy would the North be furious over this decision?
10 Lincoln- Douglas Debates-Abraham Lincoln runs for the Senate seat from Ill (campaign establishes Lincoln as a national/famous figure against slavery in the US)Lincoln- RepublicanDouglass- one of the most powerful men in US and great debaterDebate- centers around future of slavery in USDg- accuses Lincoln of believing blacks are equal to whitesBelieves US can exist half free/half slaveLincoln- believes blacks should have equality of opportunityHouse Divided- a split country can not surviveLincoln loses election, but why is this election significant?
11 Harper’s Ferry-failed slave revolt started by a white person (John Brown) John Brown- wanted to arm slavesHarper’s Ferry, VA. (Armory)- idea steal weapons and give to slavesFailed- rained, poorly planned, slaves don’t trust whitesWhat would have been the result if the uprising was successful? What is the South’s newest fear?ReactionRepublicans- deny having anything to do with BrownEmerson- calls Brown a heroSouth- blame Rep. for Brown, says if a Rep. becomes President, S. will secedeIs the South right to think this way or be so scared of a Rep. President and their future in the US?
12 Election of 1860- four candidates run fro President, Lincoln wins by only winning in the North What is the South’s view of their future and place/power in US based on the result’s of this election?Federal Aid to Border States (slave states that don’t need slavery)New StatesMore “John Browns”*secession- seen as only way to protect slavery and their way of lifeConfederate States of AmericaSouth Carolina- 1st to seceede (Dec. 1861)Deep South (GA, AL, MS, LA, FL, TX)- seceede Jan. 1861Upper South (VA, NC, TN, ARK) and Border States (MO, KY, Maryl, Del)- waiting for a compromiseWhy does Lincoln not stop Confederates?