Presentation on theme: "Seera Session Events of the Third and Fourth Year after Hijra Between Uhud and Khandaque."— Presentation transcript:
Seera Session Events of the Third and Fourth Year after Hijra Between Uhud and Khandaque
Fourth Year Marriage to Zainab bint Khuzaymah زينب بنت خزيمةMarriage to Zainab bint Khuzaymah زينب بنت خزيمة –Widow of Abdullah bin Jahsh, the Fifth Wife. Abou Salamah’s Mission (Sarriah)Abou Salamah’s Mission (Sarriah) –First military action after Uhud –Against Bani Usd bin Khuzaymah –150 Fighters, Muharram 4 th year. –No fighting occurred, Muslims return with spoiles –Abou Salamah dies from Uhud wound Marriage to Um Salamah هند بنت أميةMarriage to Um Salamah هند بنت أمية –Widow of Abou Salamah, the Sixth Wife –Shawal 4 th year
Fourth Year Abdullah bin Unays’ Mission (Sarriah)Abdullah bin Unays’ Mission (Sarriah) –Muharram 5th –Against Khalid bin Sufian of Huthayl –One man mission –Khalid was preparing coalition against Muslims –Abdullah kills Khalid –The Prophet gives Abdullah a cane. It was buried with Abdullah
Fourth Year Al-Rajee’ بعث الرجيعAl-Rajee’ بعث الرجيع –Safar 4 th year. –People from Adhel and Quarah عضل و قارة ask the Prophet PBUH to send teachers with them for Islam and Quran –10 companions headed by A’asem bin Thabet (Marthad in another) –Reached the well of Rajee’ –Surrounded by 100 archers of Bani Lehyan of Huthayl بنو لحيان من هذيل –Muslims got on top of a hill and refused to surrender –7 Muslims were killed –3 surrendered with the promise of not being killed (Khubayb, Zayd bin Al-Duthna, and a third man propably Abdullah bin Tarik) –They were tied up, the third man refused to continue and was killed –Khubayb was sold to Bani Al-Harith and was killed (The Story) –Zayd was sold to Safwan bin Umayya and was killed (The Story)
Fourth Year The Well of Ma’uonah مأساة بئر معونةThe Well of Ma’uonah مأساة بئر معونة –Safar 4 th year. –A’amer bin Malik عامر بن مالك asked the Prophet PBUH to send teachers with them for Islam and Quran –70 companions headed by Al-Munther bin Amr المنذر بن عمرو, working gathering wood during the day and studying Quran at night. –Reached the well of Ma’uonah –Sent a message from the Prophet PBUH to A’Amer bin Al-Tufayl. Who kills Haram bin Mulhan, the messenger. –A’Amer bin Al-Tufayl gathers an army of Bani Sulaym and killed all the companions exept Kaab bin Zayd bin Al-Najjar –Al-Munther and Amr bin Umayya Al-Dhumary were away and came back. –Al-Munther was killed and Amr was released because of old vow –Amr kills two men of Kilab in revenge on his way to Madina –The Prophet PBUH was very touched with the catastrophe. Supplicated against the perpetrators for a month.
Battle of Bani Al-Nadhir Reasons for the Battle (disputed)Reasons for the Battle (disputed) –Conspiracy to kill The Prophet PBUH In response to Quraysh’s request, a meeting with Rabbis was set. Three armed men were among them. Revealed by a Jewish woman.In response to Quraysh’s request, a meeting with Rabbis was set. Three armed men were among them. Revealed by a Jewish woman. –Conspiracy to kill The Prophet PBUH The Prophet PBUH went to ask help for the penalty of the killed men of Kilab.The Prophet PBUH went to ask help for the penalty of the killed men of Kilab. Amr bin Jehash climbed up to throw a rock on the Prophet’s PBUH head.Amr bin Jehash climbed up to throw a rock on the Prophet’s PBUH head. Revealed by JebrilRevealed by Jebril –Conspiracy against Muslims Message to Quraysh at the time of Uhud to attack Muslims from behind using their land.Message to Quraysh at the time of Uhud to attack Muslims from behind using their land.
Battle of Bani Al-Nadhir Events of the Battle (Rabi I, 4 th year)Events of the Battle (Rabi I, 4 th year) –Message to Bani Al-Nadhir delivered by Muhammad bin Maslama to leave Madina within 10 days. –Abduallah bin Ubay bin Saloul promises support to Bani Al-Nadhir if they ignore the warning of the Prophet. (59:11) –Bani Al-Nadhir refuse to leave or abide by the treaty and challenged the warning. –The siege begins.
Mount Uhud جبل أحد Harat Al- Wabara حرة الوبرة MADINA المدينة المنورة Quibaa قباء Harat Al- Waquem حرة الوقم Bani Qurayza بني قريظة Bani An-Nadhir بني النضير Orchards جبل سلع جبل عسير
Battle of Bani Al-Nadhir Events of the Battle (Rabi I, 4 th year)Events of the Battle (Rabi I, 4 th year) –Bani Al-Nadhir shield themselves in the fortresses. –Muslims burn some of the palms and trees around the fortresses. To help with the siegeTo help with the siege To entice them to get out and protect their propertyTo entice them to get out and protect their property –Fear settles in the hearts of Bani Al-Nadhir and they surrender without fighting.
Battle of Bani Al-Nadhir Events of the Battle (Rabi I, 4 th year)Events of the Battle (Rabi I, 4 th year) –Bani Al-Nadhir were allowed to leave with all they can carry excluding weapons. –The spoiles were all given to the Prophet PBUH. Divided among Muhajirin and two Ansar ( Abou Dujana and Sahel bin Hanif) due to their poverty. –Sura Al-Hashr (59) was revealed
الحشرAl-Hashr 59:1-2 الحشرAl-Hashr 59:1-2 1] Whatever is in the heavens and on earth, let it declare the Praises and Glory of Allah: for He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.  It is He Who got out the Unbelievers among the People of the Book from their homes at the first gathering (of the forces). Little did ye think that they would get out: and they thought that their fortresses would defend them from Allah! But the (Wrath of) Allah came to them from quarters from which they little expected (it), and cast terror into their hearts, so that they destroyed their dwellings by their own hands and the hands of the Believers. Take warning, then, O ye with eyes (to see)!
Battle of That-ArRiquaa’ Events of the Battle (Rabi II, 4 th year)Events of the Battle (Rabi II, 4 th year) –Disputed dates and name among scholars. –Also called Ghazwat Najd –Preemptive strike against Ghatafan. –No fighting occurred. –Lessons and stories: Salat of Fear.Salat of Fear. Ghawrath the Arabi.Ghawrath the Arabi. The Guards StoryThe Guards Story
Battle of Badr II Events of the Battle (Shaban, 4 th year)Events of the Battle (Shaban, 4 th year) –Based on the challenge of Abou Sufian after Uhud –1500 Muslim fighters, 10 horses. –2000 Mushrik fighters, 50 horses. –Abou Sufian fears the confrontation and returns to Mecca. “it is a dry year”. No objections. –Muslims stay for eight days challenging Mushriks. –No fighting occurred. –Improves morale in the Muslim Army
Battle of Doumat Al-Jandal Events of the Battle (Rabi I, 5 th year)Events of the Battle (Rabi I, 5 th year) –Based on the challenge of tribes of Doumat Al-Jandal to invade Madina. –1000 Muslim fighters. –Doumat Al-Jandal people were surprised by the preemptive attack and escaped. –Muslims got spoils. –Treaty with Uyayna bin Husayn. (his tribe close to Doumat Al-Jandal ) –Muslims stay for days challenging Mushriks. –No fighting occurred.