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Lesson 1 Learning Objectives All students to understand the terms exercise, diet, work and rest. Most students to be able to explain the link between.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 1 Learning Objectives All students to understand the terms exercise, diet, work and rest. Most students to be able to explain the link between."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Lesson 1 Learning Objectives All students to understand the terms exercise, diet, work and rest. Most students to be able to explain the link between them. Some students to be able to describe the effects they have on personal health and well being.

4 Exercise… The fitness necessary to work and enjoy life. Work… Provides finance, motivation and opportunity. Rest… Adequate rest balances the two. Health… A state of physical, mental and social well-being. Anything missing? How do we achieve personal health and well-being?

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6 Diet and The Energy Balance Diet can be defined as the normal food we eat. Diet is an important part of providing the energy needed to work and exercise, and also to rest and repair tissues. Booklet!

7 Diet and Nutrition Diet can be defined as the normal food we eat. However there are other special diets that many people follow. Can you think of any? Vegan, Gluten free, vegetarian. Different types of diet may also be used for different reasons. Can you think of any? To suit body composition, suit religion, allergies.

8 Why Do We Need Energy? Even when you are relaxed and resting you need energy. You need it to keep you warm, to keep heart beating, lungs breathing and for all the reactions that go on in your cells. What Is Energy Balance? Energy balance means taking in (???) and using up (???) an equal number of calories. Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) is the amount of energy you need just to stay alive, awake and comfortably warm. Everyone has a different BMR - this is why some people may eat less food but actually put on weight, while others appear to be able to eat anything they like without putting on weight.

9 The Energy Balance If a person is eating the same amount of calories as they burn up when doing physical activity, their weight will stay the same! ENERGY IN = ENERGY OUT (weight stays same)

10 The Energy Balance If a person eats more calories than they burn up through physical activity, they will put on weight! ENERGY IN > ENERGY OUT (weight increases)

11 The Energy Balance If a person eats less calories than they burn up through physical activity, they will lose weight! ENERGY IN < ENERGY OUT (weight decreases, you lose fat!)

12 Lesson 1 Learning Objectives All students to understand the terms exercise, diet, work and rest. Most students to be able to explain the link between them. Some students to be able to describe the effects they have on personal health and well being.

13 Plenary You might have good personal health and well-being, but do you have personal knowledge and understanding? TEST YOUR PARTNER! Devise 3 questions for your partner based on the pages you have completed today, you may keep a tally if you wish. KNOW YOUR MARK SCHEME! Homework You’re lucky this week…

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15 Lesson 2 Learning Objectives To know what Macro and Micro Nutrients are. To explain the importance of a nutrient for personal health and well-being. To apply this knowledge when understanding the term Energy Balance.

16 Factors of a Balanced Diet There are two main categories that make up a balanced diet these are: Macro Nutrients and Micro Nutrients Macro NutrientsMicro Nutrients CarbohydratesMinerals FatsVitamins ProteinsFibre

17 Food Intake What important factor for a well balanced diet is missing from the diagram?

18 Functions of the Nutrients Carbohydrates Fats Proteins Minerals Vitamins Heat and energy. Insulation, heat and energy. Repair and growth/ some energy. Protection from disease, building and repair.

19 Carbohydrates There are 2 main types of carbohydrates. Simple (Sugar) Complex (Starch) Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose by the digestive system. Glucose is then taken into the blood stream. Is stored as Glycogen in the muscles and liver. If these stores are full then Glycogen is converted into fat and stored under the skin and in the abdominal cavity attached to the organs.

20 Fats Fats are broken down in the body into saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. Fats, like carbohydrates, give us energy but at a slower rate. Fats need extra oxygen supplies to provide energy. Saturated Fats Animal products such as milk, cheese, cream and butter. Unsaturated Fats We find unsaturated fats in fish and plant products such as corn, nuts and soya beans.

21 Proteins Proteins main function in the body is growth and repair. The essential use of protein is as a body builder in respect of muscles, and as a repairer of damaged tissue. Very useful for a recovering athlete. Proteins are carried around the body via the blood stream into the liver where they are processed for various purposes. Protein comes from two types of food Animal Protein Plant or Vegetation Protein

22 Minerals Minerals are substances required by the body for a variety of functions. These include calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium and phosphorus. Others minerals such as iron, zinc, iodine, fluoride and selenium are also required but only in small amounts Calcium Used for growth and repair of our bones and teeth.

23 Fibre This is a blanket term for all unabsorbed food that goes through the digestive tract. It's vital to help stimulate the bowels to excrete waste products on a regular basis. Fibre is found in leaves, stems roots seeds and fruits.

24 Water Water is a means of transport for nutrients, waste and hormones. Water also regulates the body _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. Water also produces digestive enzymes, and enables the body to glean all the beneficial nutrients from the foods and drinks we consume. How many glasses of water should we drink a day on average? Answer:

25 Your job for the next 2 lessons… In small groups you will be given some information on the energy balance or one of the macro or micro nutrients that make up a balanced diet. You will have to produce a presentation for the rest of the class teaching them about your topic. Presentations need to last 5mins. You can be as creative as you like so think…. Posters? Poems? Raps? Plays? THE CHOICE IS YOURS! Must answer the questions in the booklet!

26 Lesson 2 Learning Objectives To know what Macro and Micro Nutrients are. To explain the importance of a nutrient for personal health and well-being. To apply this knowledge when understanding the term Energy Balance.

27 Plenary In pairs, take it in turns to name a fact that you have leant today. Whoever states the last fact wins! Remember to say content such as what types of nutrients there are, as well as how these affect the body. Homework Continue working on your presentations so they are ready to present in the first 10 minutes of next lesson.

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29 Lesson 3 Learning Objectives To know what Macro and Micro Nutrients are. To explain the importance of all nutrients for personal health and well-being. To apply this knowledge when understanding the term Energy Balance.

30 Continue working on your presentations, in 10 minutes we will present our material to the rest of the class. Remember when you are watching the other groups presentations, you have questions to answer in your theory booklets so make sure you are concentrating!

31 What is sent to the muscles during exercise? What is sent to the gut to digest food? When we start to exercise, blood is sent to the working muscle. Less blood is therefore available to digest food in the gut. Can lead to cramps and stomach discomfort. Known as blood shunting. What impact may this have on when and how you train? Blood Flow During Exercise

32 Lesson 3 Learning Objectives To know what Macro and Micro Nutrients are. To explain the importance of all nutrients for personal health and well-being. To apply this knowledge when understanding the term Energy Balance.

33 Plenary In pairs, take it in turns to name a fact that you have leant today. Whoever states the last fact wins! Remember to say content such as what types of nutrients there are, as well as how these affect the body…you know have a lot more knowledge and content! Homework Research a definition for ‘Somatotype’, have it written down ready to explain next lesson.

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35 Lesson 4 Learning Objectives To know the meaning of SOMATOTYPE, and the three different kinds of somatotype. To explain the characteristics of each somatotype. To apply the characteristics of a somatotype to a sporting example.

36 Lesson 4 But First… You have two minutes to fill in your front page. It’s only 3 ticks! Be honest about where you are before the lesson and after, that way you can identify if you have progressed from 4 th place to Gold.

37 Somatotypes A category to which people are assigned according to the extent to which their bodily physique conforms to a basic type. (Oxford English Dictionary, 2013) The structure or build of a person. The word somatotype means… the _________ of your body.

38 A category to which people are assigned according to the extent to which their bodily physique conforms to a basic type. (Oxford English Dictionary, 2013) The structure or build of a person. The word somatotype means… the _________ of your body. shape Somatotypes

39 End Anagrams: osemmorph tocemorph nodemorph Mesomorph Ectomorph Endomorph Somatotypes

40 LO1 What is the meaning of somatotype? Show of fingers, how many can you name? To recap…

41 Thirty Seconds: How many different body types can you and your partner come up with? M esomorph ec T omorph en D omorph Somatotypes End

42 ECTOMORPH T= TALL ENDOMORPH D = DUMPY MESOMORPH M = MUSCULAR

43 Pay Close Attention End Skinny Muscular Narrow Hips Athletics Pear-shaped Strength Power Lean Overweight Endurance Solid Fat

44 To recap… LO2 Endomorph An individual with wide hips and narrow shoulders, characterised by fatness. Mesomorph An individual with wide shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by muscularity. EctomorphAn individual with narrow shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by thinness.

45 Ectomorph Sports such as, marathon running, cycling, rock climber and high jumping. These examples show the best body type is often a mixture of two body types – combining linearity and muscle e.g. high jumper. This is because these sports require a slight mass to carry, but muscle to endure or be explosive in their event.

46 Endomorph Sports such as a sumo wrestler, shot putter or rugby forward. This is because the nature of these sports often depend on power. Their extra body fat means that they can get more weight behind either themselves (tackle) or an action (throw).

47 Mesomorph Sports such as a sprinter, gymnast and a weight lifter. This is because these sports tend to require strength and sudden bursts of energy. This means they generally work anaerobically and so not for long periods of time.

48 Sports for Somatotypes Class list of sports. On page 4, fill in the diagram with AT LEAST one different sport for each somatotype. Identify what sports are suited, explain they are suited, and analyse they might not be suited to other sports. Use the example at the top of the page to help you. LO3 What do we have…

49 Plenary 1 TEST YOUR PARTNER! Devise 3 questions for your partner based on the somatotype pages you have completed today. Examiners: Know your mark scheme! Sitters: Keep a tally of your marks. When you make your questions, try to make one a bronze question, one a silver question and one a gold question across the learning objectives!

50 Plenary 2 Exam questions June 2008 Complete the statements below about different body types. (a) Somatotype refers to the __________ of a __________. (2) (b) ________________ tend to be very muscular. (1) (c) Eating f_____ may change your body type to an _____________. (2) (d) Ectomorphs have a very slim build, they tend to be tall and have ___________ shoulders. Ectomorphs have a suitable body type for. (2) (e) Ectomorphs are not suited to _____________________ because _____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________. (2) (f) Explain the energy balance which relates to and endomorph. _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________. (2)

51 Plenary 2 Exam questions June 2008 Complete the statements below about different body types. (a) Somatotype refers to the shape of a person. (2) (b) Mesomorphs tend to be very muscular. (1) (c) Eating fat may change your body type to an endomorph. (2) (d) Ectomorphs have a very slim build, they tend to be tall and have narrow shoulders. Ectomorphs have a suitable body type for distance running. (2) (e) Ectomorphs are not suited to weight lifting because their narrow, thin frames and lack of muscle means ectomorphs may lack strength and power. (2) (f) Explain the energy balance which relates to and endomorph. (2) Endomorphs relate to the energy balance concept that if a person eats MORE calories than they burn up, then they will put on weight. Energy in is greater than energy out, weight increases.

52 Lesson 4 Learning Objectives To know the meaning of SOMATOTYPE, and the three different kinds of somatotype. To explain the characteristics of each somatotype. To apply the characteristics of a somatotype to a sporting example. Fill in your front sheet, 3 ticks!

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54 REVISION LESSON Your job… To create an A3 revision poster covering everything we have done over the past 4 lessons. This, along with your theory booklets, is then going to help you revise for your mini test next week (with the neatest then being put up on display!).

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56 MINI EXAM This is an exam to see how much you have learnt over the past 5 lessons, and will show you which areas you may need to spend more time revising on in preparation for your April PE Exam. You will not be allowed to use your booklet. The exam will be carried out in silence. You will have 30 minutes to complete the exam. You can then mark a friends paper using the mark scheme provided.

57 What does your score mean? 22 = A* Between = A Between = B Between = C Between = D Between 6-8 = E


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