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Sexually Transmitted Infections - myths and reality.

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Presentation on theme: "Sexually Transmitted Infections - myths and reality."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sexually Transmitted Infections - myths and reality

2 Doesn’t know how to use a condom Friends say using a Condom makes sex Less enjoyable Drinks a lot which Affects his ability To practice safer sex Doesn’t think ahead. Wants a good time Nowhere to have sex Don’t have practical Knowledge to make safer Sex easy Unprepared for sex -Don’t have any Condoms Doesn’t feel comfortable With her body Doesn’t feel good about Herself. Lacks confidence, Embarrassed to talk to Sean about sex Doesn’t know how To use a condom Scared Sean will end The relationship if she Refuses to have sex Her friends hate Sean Family are Catholic. Pressures on Sarah not To have sex Outside marriage Communication About sex difficult Thinks “other people” Get sexually transmitted infections Friends all brag about Their exploits SEANSARAH

3 What I’ll be talking about Who I am and what I do What are sexually transmitted infections (STIs)? Why are STIs important? Who gets STIs? How can you avoid getting an STI? Myths about STIs

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5 What are STIs? Germs (bacteria, protozoans and viruses) spread by ‘sexual contact’. Name some

6 What does sexual contact mean? Anal sex Vaginal sex Oral sex Touching someone elses genitals with your genitals. Mutual masturbation Increasing chance of catching an infection

7 Why are STIs important? The majority of people who have an STI will have no symptoms Left untreated STIs may cause problems with your reproductive systems and stop you having children.

8 Some symptoms of STIs Name some? No symptoms Discharge from the penis or vagina Genital ulceration Bleeding between periods Abdominal pain Testicular pain Lumps appearing on the skin

9 Why are STIs important? They are getting more common

10 3 Most Common STIs Chlamydia Genital Herpes Genital Warts

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12 The younger you start to have sex the more likely you are to catch an infection

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14 Adults and Children Estimated to be Living with HIV 2010 – 33 million (WHO) Western Europe North Africa & Middle East Sub-Saharan Africa 24.7 million Eastern Europe & Central Asia 1.7 million South & South-East Asia 7.8 million Australia & New Zealand North America1.4 Caribbean Latin America1.7million Scotland – 6,534 Grampian (December 2010) East Asia & Pacific

15 How is HIV passed on-Unprotected Sex Risk - High This is the most common way it is passed on in Grampian

16 Who gets STIs? Anyone who is sexually active can get an STI if they do not protect themselves carefully

17 How to catch and spread an STI Have sex with lots of people Don’t use a condom Ignore symptoms Don’t get a check-up

18 HOW MANY PEOPLE DID YOU SAY YOU’D SLEPT WITH? WHY, JUST THE ONE!!

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20 How not to catch or spread an STI Decide if you really want to have sex with this person. (and don’t get so drunk that you can’t decide!). You’ll have a better time if you’ve no regrets the next day If you have sex, consider lower-risk sexual contact - eg masturbation. If you’re going to have vaginal, oral or anal sex use a condom/dental dam. (and learn how to use one first!) If you’re going to stop using condoms get an STI screen first.

21 Where to get free condoms Family planning clinic Genitourinary medicine clinic GPs Pharmacies Healthpoints Other community agencies ?Employer

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23 Where to get STI tests Your GP Hospital GUM clinic –rapid access if symptoms Family planning clinics

24 What does a test for STIs involve? Men - a very small swab from the end of the penis. (or a urine specimen if just having a chlamydia test) Women – lower vaginal swabs (self taken if just having a chlamydia test) Both - a blood specimen (if having tests for syphilis or HIV, HBV or HCV)

25 STI myths You’d know if you had one. You could tell if someone else had one

26 90% of women and 70% of men with Chlamydia have no symptoms

27 STI myths Does a test for STIs hurt?

28 Reality A test for chlamydia can be as easy as peeing into a bottle

29 STI myths If I leave it alone it will go away?

30 Reality Most STIs need treatment to be cured Usually treatment is simple (and treatment is free at a GUM clinic)

31 STI myths If I go for tests everyone will know?

32 Reality It’s always good to let your partner know if you have symptoms Tests at a GUM clinic are confidential and your GP, 3rd cousin twice removed will not be told.

33 STI myths Condoms don’t work - they have holes in them that viruses can go through

34 Reality Condoms only have one hole! Condoms are very effective in preventing you from getting - HIV, gonorrhoea, chlamydia Condoms are less good at preventing you from getting warts or herpes. (infection doesn’t come out of the end of the penis)

35 Caroline She’s had a few boyfriends in the past. On the pill, ‘often’ uses condoms. She meets…

36 Rak He has just finished with a woman he was going out with for 1yr. They start going out, start having sex with condoms. He wants to stop using condoms.

37 What would you do if you were them?

38 Both should get a check up at their GP or GUM. Then they can stop using condoms.

39 Rachel She’s 16. She was at a party on Sunday, drank 9 Bacardis and had sex with erm Fraser? Not on the pill. Doesn’t think he used a condom. Now regrets the whole thing What would you do?

40 For now - she will probably need emergency contraception –Get from GP, family planning, GUM, pharmacies –Will need to consider longer-term contraception too. She should get tests for STIs She should drink less in the future - stay in control - do what she wants and have no regrets. –Has she regretted sex before? She should insist on condom use - no condom, no sex.

41 What will you do?

42 Summary STIs are v common some of you will have one now and not know it condoms prevent transmission of most STIs

43 To contact any Grampian Sexual Health Services phone:

44 SEXINFO Text sexinfo to 80182

45 Questions often asked Will I know if I am infected with HIV or any STI? Where can I get a test? Will anyone know if I go for a test? What will they do at the clinic? Where can I get more information and advice?

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47 STI and Glove Game

48 STI Quizzes Competition Discussion

49 Condoms Quiz Race Demos

50 The Condom 1350BC sheaths as protection against infection, injury and insect bites 100AD Europe

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64 Male Condom colour size flavours textures Shapes: flared, straight, plain, contoured strengths

65 Condom Types Male condom Femidom Dental dams

66 Both partners should learn how to put on and take off a condom properly

67 Don’t blow, stretch or unroll the condom before use

68 It may burst, tear or slip off, so take care

69 Be careful not to damage the rubber with fingernails or jewelry Use water based lubricants

70 Only the CE Kitemark guarantees satisfactory safety standards

71 The rule is use a new condom every time

72 Keep in a cool place avoid heat or direct sunlight

73 Using Condoms read instructions beware of sharp nails puncturing condoms take care not to damage on opening apply when penis is erect, before contact do not pull on roll back foreskin pinch end and hold onto rim after use, hold rim during removal twist and dispose use water based lubricants

74 Doesn’t know how to use a condom Friends say using a Condom makes sex Less enjoyable Drinks a lot which Affects his ability To practice safer sex Doesn’t think ahead. Wants a good time Nowhere to have sex Don’t have practical Knowledge to make safer Sex easy Unprepared for sex -Don’t have any Condoms Doesn’t feel comfortable With her body Doesn’t feel good about Herself. Lacks confidence, Embarrassed to talk to Sean about sex Doesn’t know how To use a condom Scared Sean will end The relationship if she Refuses to have sex Her friends hate Sean Family are Catholic. Pressures on Sarah not To have sex Outside marriage Communication About sex difficult Thinks “other people” Get sexually transmitted infections Friends all brag about Their exploits SEANSARAH

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