1 Agenda Background and Research on Two-year Transfer Legislation Qualifiers Non-qualifiers 2-4 Transfer GPA Calculation
2 Agenda 4-2-4 Transfers Review/ timeline of new legislation Division II Educational Resources and Best Practices for Two-year colleges
Background and Research Related to the Two-Year Transfer Standard
4 Why a Review of 2-4 Standards? Ongoing NCAA academic reform. All other student-athlete standards have been examined based on research (e.g., initial eligibility and progress toward degree). Research now available, not previously. Two-four transfers do not graduate/remain eligible at same rates as nontransfers.
5 Goals of 2-4 Transfer Academic Review Establishment of 2-4 transfer academic requirements that: Improve academic success and graduation from four-year institution. Result in outcomes closely mirroring nontransfers.
6 Principles Maximize first-year college success, ensuring student-athletes are on track to graduate in five years. Be research based and yield ineligibility rates and outcomes similar to nontransfers.
7 Principles (continued) Be minimal standards and NCAA members should continue to make admissions decisions. Consider simplicity of application and understanding by all involved. Strive to emphasize requirements needed to prepare student-athlete for academic success at four-year institution.
Academic Outcomes Among Transfer Students in Division I Nontransfers Only 4-Year Transfers2-Year Transfers APR (2008-09) 971949926 APR “0/2s” (2008-09 AY) 2.2%3.8%5.5% APR Exhausted Eligibility “0/2s” (2008-09) 2.4%4.3%7.6% Graduation Success Rate (2002- Cohort) 80%77%65%
10 SPORT Overall Nontransfers Only 2-Year Transfers 4-Year Transfers Baseball 3%2%4% Men’s Basketball 9%7%13%11% Football -- FBS 9%8%19%11% Football – FCS 7%5%13%11% Men’s Soccer 3%2%9%2% Men’s Track (Outdoor) 3% 6%3% Women’s Basketball 2% 0% Percentage of Ineligible Departures Among Student-Athletes Exhausting their Athletics Eligibility in 2008-09
11 SPORT2003-042004-052005-062006-072007-08 Nontransfers 3.1%3.0%2.8%2.5%2.4% Two-Year Transfers 10.0%9.4%9.2%7.5%6.7% Four-Year Transfers 5.1% 5.2%4.6%3.9% Trends in Number of Student-Athletes Leaving Ineligible by Transfer Status Notes: % = Percentage of individuals in that sport who were “0/2s” in that academic year.
12 Key Research Findings - Academic Performance of 2-4 Transfers Two-four transfer students enter NCAA Division I schools with lower high school grades and test scores than other groups of students. Two-four transfers leave college ineligible at higher rates than any other group of student- athletes. Two-four transfer graduation rates lag those of student-athletes who enter a Division I school from high school.
13 Research Findings – Grade-Point Average Grade-point average at two-year institution is the strongest predictor of first year academic success at four-year institution. Ineligibility rates decrease significantly as a function of increased two-year institution grade- point average. For two-year transfer student ineligibility rates to mirror college freshman, the current 2.000 grade-point average requirement must increase.
14 Research Findings – Courses Number of physical education activity credits at two-year institution has a significant negative relationship with four-year college success. Student-athletes with fewer physical education activity credits have better academic performances.
15 Physical Education Activity Credits Transferred by Nonqualifiers from Two-Year Institutions PE Activity Credits% Transferring 0-225% 3-525% 6-818% 9-1111% 12+21%
16 Research Findings – Courses Student-athletes with more core academic credit perform better at four-year institutions. Core credits in English, math and science are particularly predictive of four-year college success. Science in particular is a strong predictor of success.
17 Summary Grade-point average at the two-year institution is the best predictor of all first-year outcomes examined. Ineligibility rates decrease significantly as a function of increased two-year institution grade- point average. Student-athletes with more core academic credit perform better at four-year institutions. Science is a strong predictor.
18 Summary (continued) Students with high numbers of physical education activity credits tend to have less academic success at the four-year institution than their two-year institution grade-point average would predict. Generally, high school academic variables do not add appreciably to prediction once academic behavior at the two-year institution is known.
19 Year of Academic Readiness Concept Provides additional time and opportunity for student-athletes who are academically underprepared to take remedial courses and generally enhance their academic readiness prior to transfer to a four-year institution. Proposal tabled by the NCAA Division I Board of Directors.
20 Creation of Two-Year College / NCAA Working Group. Members of NCAA Division I Committee on Academic Performance and the NCAA Division I Academic Cabinet. Two-Year College Representatives. Development of Additional Year in Academic Readiness Concepts for Membership feedback.
21 Feedback and Comments Thank you. Comments may be directed to: Jennifer Strawley (email@example.com);firstname.lastname@example.org OR Diane Dickman (email@example.com).firstname.lastname@example.org
23 Overview Review of Current Standards. Review of New Standards. Case Studies. Questions.
24 Current Initial Eligibility Standards Qualifier Graduate from high school. Complete NCAA-approved courses. Earn a minimum required core-course grade- point average (GPA). Earn a required SAT or ACT sum score.
25 Current 2-4 Transfer Standards Qualifier To be immediately eligible for competition: Minimum one full-time term of enrollment in residence at a two-year college; 2.000 GPA on transferable hours; and Complete an average of 12 hours of transferable credits per term of full-time enrollment at the two- year college.
26 Current 2-4 Transfer Standards Qualifier Continued The student-athlete is considered enrolled full time and subject to the average of 12 standard when: Registers in a term full time; and Attends the student's first day of classes for that term.
27 Current 2-4 Transfer Standards Qualifier Continued For student-athletes first entering a collegiate institution before August 1, 2012. Students-athletes not meeting this standard are eligible for: Practice. Financial Aid. Must complete a year in residence before competition.
28 Current 2-4 Transfer Standards Qualifier Continued Baseball and Basketball student-athletes. Cannot transfer after the first term (semester, quarter) and be immediately eligible for competition. Bylaw 188.8.131.52.1
29 Physical Education Activity Courses Current standard only applies to Men’s basketball. 2-4 and 4-2-4 transfers cannot count more than two credits of PE activity courses to meet applicable transfer requirements. Credit hour and GPA requirements. Qualifiers and nonqualifiers. Bylaws 184.108.40.206.2, 220.127.116.11.4 and 18.104.22.168
30 Physical Education Activity Courses Exception: For SAs who enroll in a PE degree program or education program that requires PE activity courses. May count the minimum number of activity credits required for the specific degree program.
31 Physical Education Activity Courses Example: Handle State University offers a Middle School Education undergraduate degree. The degree requires six semester hours of physical education activity courses for graduation. May use up to six hours for transfer standards.
New 2-4 Transfer Standards Qualifiers Effective August 1, 2012
33 New 2-4 Transfer Standards Qualifiers For SAs first entering a collegiate institution Full time on or after August 1, 2012: Qualifiers The physical education activity credit hour limits will be applicable to all sports. Minimum transferable grade-point average needed for competition in first year in residence increases to 2.500.
34 Case Study Willie Qualifier. Football student-athlete. Willie attends Redhead College, a two-year institution in Texas. Enrolled full time Fall 2010, Spring 2011 and Fall 2011.
35 Case Study Willie Continued October 2011: Willie withdrew from two courses, falling below full time for the semester. Willie would like to transfer to a four-year institution for the 2012 spring term.
36 Case Study Willie Continued What standards apply to Willie? Current standard. How many transferable hours must he complete? 36 transferable hours. How many PE activity hours may he use? Unlimited, Fall 2010 enrollee, football SA.
37 Case Study Willie Continued What is the minimum GPA Willie must earn? 2.000 GPA.
38 Case Study George Qualifier. Baseball student-athlete. Plans to transfer to a four-year in Fall 2013. Enrolled full time Fall 2012 and Spring 2013. Earned 24 hours at Cloud Nine College after two semesters. Four hours earned were PE activity courses.
39 Case Study George Continued How many PE activity hours may George use? Two hours. What is the minimum GPA George must earn? 2.500 GPA. How would you advise George? Work with four-year school to determine GPA. Complete summer school courses to increase transferable hours.
40 Case Study George Continued What if George was a Fall 2011 enrollee? He would be subject to the current standard. How many PE activity hours may George use? All four hours earned. What is the minimum GPA George must earn? 2.000 GPA.
41 Best Practices 2-4 Qualifiers Encourage registration with the NCAA Eligibility Center to verify qualifier status. Identify changes to standards based on: First time full-time enrollment before or after Fall 2012.
44 Overview Review of Current Standards. Review of New Standards. Case Study. Questions.
45 Current 2-4 Transfer Standards Nonqualifier Minimum three full-time semesters/four quarters. 48-semester/72-quarter hours of transferable degree credit. Graduate from two-year college. Minimum 2.000 GPA.
46 Current 2-4 Transfer Standards Nonqualifier Men’s basketball. Physical Education Activity Courses. 2-4 and 4-2-4 transfers cannot count more than two credits of PE activity courses to meet applicable transfer requirements. Applicable to credit hour and GPA requirements.
47 Current 2-4 Transfer Standards Nonqualifier Exception: For SAs who enroll in a PE degree program or education program that requires PE activity courses. May count the minimum number of activity credits required for the specific degree program.
48 Transferable Math and English Courses For nonqualifiers: Credits must transfer to the certifying institution as specific English or math credit, regardless of how the courses are identified on the two-year college's transcript. Bylaw 22.214.171.124 3/18/2009 Staff Interpretation
49 Summer Courses For nonqualifiers: No more than 18/27 transferable hours total earned during summer. No more than 9/13.5 transferable hours earned during summer immediately prior to transfer. Bylaw 126.96.36.199.1
50 Other Limits on Transferable Credits May not exceed institutional limits (overall or specific area) when evaluating transferable-credit hour requirements. 03/04/2011 Official Interpretation
51 Graduation Requirement For nonqualifiers and 4-2-4 transfers: Must receive an associate or equivalent degree in an academic or technical curriculum.
52 Graduation Requirement Continued Student-athletes who transfer after completing all necessary degree requirements for graduation but prior to receiving a degree is considered to have satisfied the two-year college graduation requirement.
New 2-4 Transfer Standards Nonqualifiers Effective August 1, 2012
54 For SAs first entering a collegiate institution full time on or after August 1, 2012: Nonqualifiers: The physical education activity limits will be applicable to all sports. Minimum transferable grade-point average needed for competition in first year in residence increases to 2.500.
55 For SAs first entering a collegiate institution full time on or after August 1, 2012: Nonqualifiers: For nonqualfiers who don’t meet 2.500, may practice and receive athletics aid above a 2.000. In addition to six-semester/eight-quarter hours of transferable English and three-semester/four- quarter hours of transferable math, will need three- semester/four-quarter hours of transferable science.
56 Case Study Waylon Nonqualifier. Men’s Soccer student-athlete. Enrolls full time at Royal Albert College, a two-year institution in the fall of 2010. Completes four full-time terms at RAC.
57 Case Study Waylon Spring 2012: Earned 16 hours Fall 2011: Earned 10 hours Summer 2011: Earned 6 hours Spring 2011: Earned 9 hours Fall 2010: Earned 9 hours
58 Case Study Waylon Earned a total of 50 hours. 10 hours remaining for A.A. degree. Only 39 of those hours transfer to Beatle University, a four-year institution recruiting Waylon. He has not earned transferable English, math or science courses.
59 Case Study Waylon How should Waylon be advised? Must complete A.A. requirements in summer 2012. Must complete six hours transferable English and three Math. Work with Beatle U to determine transfer GPA.
60 Case Study Waylon What if Waylon’s first full-time enrollment was Fall 2012? Subject to the science core course requirement. Limited to two PE activity hours. 2.500 GPA
61 Case Study Waylon What additional information would we need to know to properly advise him? Number PE activity courses he has earned. His current transfer GPA.
62 Case Study Waylon Any other issues? Waylon cannot complete requirements in summer. Maximum of nine hours in summer prior to transfer. Needs to complete 12 hours of core courses (English, math and science).
63 Best Practices 2-4 Nonqualifiers Identify changes to standards based on: First time full-time enrollment before or after Fall 2012. Collaborate with four-year institutions regarding English, math and science course equation. Monitor the number of summer hours.
66 Calculating GPA Grades earned in all courses that are normally transferable must be considered, even if institutional limits on number of transferable credits from the two- year. Regardless of grade earned and whether grade would make course nontransferable. Last grade earned in repeated course used for calculation. Bylaw 188.8.131.52.3.2 and 03/04/2011 Official Interpretation and Primer on GPA Calculation
67 Calculating GPA What this means for you: The standard not simply what is displayed on your institution’s transcript. Student-athlete will have to be aware of what courses would transfer and recalculate GPA.
68 Case Study Andy North By Northwest University limits acceptance of transfer credits to not more than 40 credit hours.
69 Case Study Andy If Andy earns 60 credits at the two-year college that normally would be transferable to the certifying institution, what hours are used to certify GPA? North By Northwest must calculate the grade-point average based on all 60 credits.
70 Case Study Dylan Baseball student-athlete. Evaluation from North Country University: Four full-time terms through the 2009-10 and 2010-11 academic years. 48 transferable hours. 2.500 GPA is displayed on the transcript. Two-year college does not count F grades as a part of GPA.
71 Dylan’s GPA Potential Issues Eight A’s in PE activity part of the current 2.500 GPA. Six additional hours that would be transferable but for grades earned (six hours of F).
72 Dylan’s GPA Calculation Assuming all PE credit hours (eight) count: 48 credit hours x 2.500 = 120 grade points. 120/54 (includes 6 hours of F) = 2.222 GPA. 2.222 is the GPA for the 2-4 transfer standard.
73 Dylan’s GPA Calculation Based on Dylan’s initial term of full-time enrollment, he meets the transfer GPA standard. If Dylan was a Fall 2012 initial enrollee, he would not meet the GPA standard. How would you advise Dylan? Summer school course work up to nine hours. Retake courses in summer to improve grades.
74 Case Study Tom Baseball student-athlete, qualifier Evaluation from Free Fallin’ University: Four full-time terms through the 2012-13 and 2013-14 academic years. 56 transferable hours. 2.667 GPA is displayed on the transcript. 10 PE activity hours, all with A grades page 74
75 Case Study Tom 56 transferable hours. 2.667 GPA is displayed on the transcript. 56 X 2.667 = 149.33 total grade points. 8 hours of PE activity A grade points must be removed. 8 X 4= 32 PE activity grade points.
76 Case Study Tom 149.33 - 32 PE activity = 117.33 grade points. 117.33 / 48 = 2.444 GPA. 2.444 is the GPA for the 2-4 transfer standard.
77 Best Practices Calculating GPA Work with NCAA member institution. Determine what courses would transfer. Subtract PE activity hours. Monitor repeated courses.
80 Overview Review of Current Standards. Review of New Standards. Case Study. Questions.
81 Is a student-athlete who: Enrolled full-time at a 4-year institution. Enrolled full-time at a 2-year institution. Transfers to a 4-year institution. 4-2-4 Transfer Defined
82 Full-time Enrollment Defined Enrolled in a minimum, full-time program; Present on the first day of classes. If the student-athlete withdraws or falls below full-time, still considered a transfer.
83 Current 4-2-4 Standards To be immediately eligible for competition: Complete an average of 12 hours of transferable credits per term of full-time enrollment at the two- year college; 2.000 GPA on transferable hours; Graduate from the two-year college; and One calendar year has elapsed since the departure from the previous four-year college.
84 Current 4-2-4 Standards Exceptions. Return to the original institution. Nonsponsored sport at original four-year institution. Average of 12 per full-time term; and 2.000 GPA on transferable hours.
New 4-2-4 Transfer Standards Effective August 1, 2012
86 2.500 GPA for base rule and nonsponsored sport qualifier exception. Physical Education activity course limits applicable to all SAs. Nonqualifiers subject to completion of transferable core– curriculum requirement(six-semester/eight-quarter hours of transferable English and three-semester/four-quarter hours of transferable math, will need three-semester/four-quarter hours of transferable science). May use transferable credits earned while enrolled at a previous four-year college to meet requirement. 4-2-4 Transfers
87 Case Study Roy Four-year: Lone Star 2010-11 Earned 17 hours at Lone Star 3 hours of English and physical science.
88 Case Study Roy Two-year: Odessa College 2011-12 Earned a total of 33 hours at Odessa 3 hours of English and math.
89 Case Study Roy What are Roy’s remaining requirements? A.A. degree. Determination of transferable hours, needs 24 hours. Determination of transfer GPA.
90 Case Study Roy What if Roy was an initial full-time enrollee in Fall 2012? 2.500 GPA. If a nonqualifier, would be subject to the core course standard (English, math and science). Can Roy combine the core courses earned at Lone Star and Odessa? Yes.
91 Best Practices 4-2-4 Monitor the calendar year elapse requirement from the four-year institution. Identify changes to standards based on: First time full-time enrollment before or after Fall 2012. Different standard for qualifiers and nonqualifiers (core course requirements).
94 Transfer Guide Information for transfers. 2-4. 4-4. 4-2-4. Divisions I, II and III. http://www.ncaapublications.com/p-4239- ncaa-transfer-guide-2011-12.aspx http://www.ncaapublications.com/p-4239- ncaa-transfer-guide-2011-12.aspx
95 Initial Eligibility NCAA Eligibility Center: www.eligibilitycenter.orgwww.eligibilitycenter.org Guide to the College Bound Student-athlete: http://www.ncaapublications.com/p-4236-ncaa guide- for-the-college-bound-student-athlete.aspx Quick Reference Sheet: http://fs.ncaa.org/Docs/eligibility_center/Quick_Refere nce_Sheet.pdf
96 NCAA Resources Any questions regarding the new 2-4 requirements or for information regarding the specifics of similarly updated 4-2-4 requirements (for student-athletes that attend a four-year college or university, transfer to a two-year college and then enroll full time at an NCAA Division I college or university) call: NCAA Public Interpretations Line 317/917-6008 M-F 12 p.m. - 4 p.m. Eastern time
97 NCAA Resources Materials from today's summit: http://www.ncaa.org/wps/wcm/myconnect/public/N CAA/Resources/Events/Regional+Rules+Semin ar/ Includes Primer on Transfer GPA Calculation. 2-4 transfer standards videos, Coming this Summer!