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Presentation by Paul Dillon Drug and Alcohol Research and Training Australia Based on the report prepared by Victoria White and Emily Bariola Cancer Council.

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Presentation on theme: "Presentation by Paul Dillon Drug and Alcohol Research and Training Australia Based on the report prepared by Victoria White and Emily Bariola Cancer Council."— Presentation transcript:

1 Presentation by Paul Dillon Drug and Alcohol Research and Training Australia Based on the report prepared by Victoria White and Emily Bariola Cancer Council Victoria Australian secondary school students' use of tobacco, alcohol, and over-the-counter and illicit substances in 2011

2 The 2011 Australian Secondary Students' Alcohol and Drug survey – tenth survey in a series that commenced in 1984 assessing use of tobacco and alcohol, and the sixth to include questions on the use of over-the-counter and illicit substances Just under 25,000 secondary students aged years participated in the survey, in which they were asked about their lifetime and current use of tobacco, alcohol, analgesics, tranquilisers and illicit substances and related behaviour 2011 ASSAD Survey

3 Prevalence (%) of lifetime drug use (excluding tobacco, and alcohol) among year old students 2011 ASSAD Survey %

4 Prevalence (%) of year old students who have never used drugs (excluding tobacco and alcohol) 2011 ASSAD Survey %

5 Comparison of prevalence (%) of lifetime drug use (excluding tobacco, and alcohol) among year old students – ASSAD Survey %

6 % Prevalence (%) of lifetime drug use among year old students, ASSAD Survey

7 Prevalence (%) of past year drug use (excluding tobacco and alcohol) among year old students 2011 ASSAD Survey %

8 Prevalence (%) of year old students who have not used drugs in the past year (excluding tobacco and alcohol) 2011 ASSAD Survey %

9 % Prevalence (%) of past year drug use among year old students, ASSAD Survey

10 In 2011, 93% of 12-year-olds had no experience with smoking, which decreased to 58% among 17-year-olds. Only 4% of all students had smoked more than 100 cigarettes in their lifetime, with a peak of 10% among 17-year-old males The proportion of 12- to 15-year-old students who were 'current smokers' (smoking in the seven days prior to the survey) in 2011 was the lowest since the survey series began. However, the proportion of 16- to 17-year-old students who were current smokers in 2011 was the same as in 2008 Tobacco

11 % Never smoked tobacco, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

12 % Smoked tobacco in past year, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

13 % Smoked tobacco in past seven days ('current smokers'), Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

14 % Smoked more than 100 cigarettes in lifetime, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

15 % Committed smokers (3+ days in past seven days), Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

16 % Trends in proportion of students aged years and years who had smoked in the past four weeks, ASSAD Survey

17 The proportion of students aged between years drinking in 2011 was lower than levels found in 2008 and 2005 Premixed spirits were the most preferred alcoholic drink type among female current drinkers, while premixed spirits and beer were the most preferred among male current drinkers Students who consumed alcohol in the previous 7 days most commonly obtained their alcohol from their parents (33%) or friends (23%), and consumed it at a party (34%) or in their own home (30%) Alcohol

18 % Never consumed alcohol, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

19 % Students who describe themselves as a 'non drinker', Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

20 % Self description of drinking behaviour by age and gender, ASSAD Survey

21 % Students who consumed alcohol in the past month, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

22 % Students who consumed alcohol in the past seven days ('current drinkers'), Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

23 % Single occasion risky drinker (drank more than 4 drinks on one day in past seven days), Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

24 Number of drinks Average number of drinks consumed by current drinkers in past seven days, by age and gender, ASSAD Survey

25 % Current drinkers who drank more than 4 drinks on one occasion in past seven days, by age and gender, ASSAD Survey

26 % Drink types most commonly consumed by current drinkers, ASSAD Survey

27 % Changes in preference of drink types most commonly consumed by current drinkers, ASSAD Survey

28 % Current drinkers who consumed their last alcoholic drink under adult supervision, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

29 % Current drinkers drinking at home, at a party or at a friend's house who consumed their last alcoholic drink under adult supervision, (%), ASSAD Survey

30 % Changes in most common sources of last alcoholic drink among current drinkers, ASSAD Survey

31 % Common sources of alcohol among current drinkers who had someone else buy alcohol for them, ASSAD Survey

32 % Current drinkers indicating different frequencies of intending to get drunk when they drink alcohol (%), ASSAD Survey

33 % Main negative outcomes experienced by current drinkers after drinking alcohol in the past 12 months (%), 2011 (multiple responses allowed) 2011 ASSAD Survey

34 % Proportion of year old current drinkers and the proportion drinking more than four drinks on a single occasion in the past seven days, ASSAD Survey

35 % Proportion of year old current drinkers and the proportion drinking more than four drinks on a single occasion in the past seven days, ASSAD Survey

36 The reported use of substances such as Disprin, Panadol or Nurofen among students was extremely high - only 4% had never used these medications. Over two-thirds of all students had used analgesics in the past month Use of analgesics in the week before the survey increased from 33% of 12-year- olds to 43% of 16-year-olds and 44% of 17-year olds At all ages, females were significantly more likely to have used analgesics in their lifetime, in the past year and past month Analgesics

37 % Ever used analgesics, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

38 % Reasons for using analgesics, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

39 Cannabis was the most commonly used illicit substance, especially among those in the older age groups – 15% of the students surveyed had used cannabis at some time in their lives In all time periods, the proportion of students using cannabis increased with age For the first time since 1996, lifetime use and use in the past year did not decrease. Significantly fewer students had used cannabis in each of the time periods in 2011 than in However there was no difference in the proportion students using cannabis between 2011 and 2008 Cannabis

40 % Ever used cannabis, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

41 % Lifetime cannabis use, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

42 % Used cannabis in the past year, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

43 % Used cannabis in the past week, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

44 % Cannabis use in the past week, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

45 % Used cannabis at least 10 times in the previous year, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

46 The question asked here is as follows: "How many times, if ever, have you deliberately sniffed (inhaled) from spray cans or deliberately sniffed things like glue, paint, petrol or thinners in order to get high or for the way it makes you feel …" Inhalant use was related to age – with use decreasing significantly from the youngest to the oldest students - around one-fifth (20%) of 12-year-old students had ever used and just 11% for those aged 17 years Inhalants

47 % Ever used inhalants, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

48 Use of illicit drugs, other than cannabis, was uncommon. For all drugs, however, the proportion of students using these substances increased with age Hallucinogens ("LSD, acid, trips, magic mushrooms, datura, angel's trumpet") were the most commonly used illicit substance behind cannabis. This is the first time since 1999 that hallucinogens have been the second most popular illicit amongst students, with 3% of year-olds reporting lifetime use Amphetamine and ecstasy use was significantly lower than in 2008 and Lifetime and past year use were the lowest rates recorded since the survey began Other illicit drugs

49 % Ever used hallucinogens, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

50 % Ever used amphetamines, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey

51 % Ever used ecstasy, Australian secondary school students (%), ASSAD Survey


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