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Security & Privacy Issues in. The Hype “The interesting thing about cloud computing is that we’ve redefined cloud computing to include everything that.

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Presentation on theme: "Security & Privacy Issues in. The Hype “The interesting thing about cloud computing is that we’ve redefined cloud computing to include everything that."— Presentation transcript:

1 Security & Privacy Issues in

2 The Hype “The interesting thing about cloud computing is that we’ve redefined cloud computing to include everything that we already do. I can’t think of anything that isn’t cloud computing with all of these announcements. The computer industry is the only industry that is more fashion- driven than women’s fashion. Maybe I’m an idiot, but I have no idea what anyone is talking about. What is it? It’s complete gibberish. It’s insane. When is this idiocy going to stop?” Larry Ellison, CEO, Oracle (WSJ 9/25/08)

3 The Rant Click here for YouTube video…here for YouTube video

4 Closer to Earth Let’s presume that Cloud Computing is real. What is it? Let’s try to cut through the hyperbole and define Cloud Computing and see what it has to offer consumers and organizations.

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6 Example: Microsoft

7 Sorting things out… Platform Utility or Infrastructure Software

8 Infrastructure as a Service Amazon sells computing power in a way similar to how we get electricity from the power company. Uses a pay-as-you-go model for offering VM instances, computing power and storage on demand.

9 Platform as a Service One step above the utility, you find the PaaS providers, like Google App Engine, Salesforce’ force.com, and the recently announced Microsoft Azure platform. Here you develop apps and leverage a common development framework and platform for delivery.

10 Software as a Service Software as a Service (SaaS) is what most people are familiar with. This is where many of the common Web 2.0 applications are, like: Flickr, Gmail, Google Apps, Facebook, Twitter.... There are also enterprise applications, such as SAP, Oracle, Microsoft and others attempting to gain market share here.

11 Terminology Let’s face it, the use of all these acronyms can get confusing! SOA and SaaS often get confused. The utility and platform services are often called nothing more than the evolution of third-party hosting services that companies have used for years. There are good reasons these assumptions are incorrect.

12 SOA is dead…? “SOA met its demise on January 1, 2009, when it was wiped out by the catastrophic impact of the economic recession. SOA is survived by its offspring: mashups, BPM, SaaS, Cloud Computing, and all other architectural approaches that depend on “services.” Manes’ real point, to quote her is that “we should not be talking about an architectural concept that has no universally accepted definition and an indefensible value proposition. Instead we should be talking about concrete things (like services) and concrete architectural practices (like application portfolio management) that deliver real value to the business.” Anne Thomas Manes, Burton Group

13 Consumers Cloud Computing is a new name for things consumers are already doing. Consumers are tired of being IT techs. Consumers want to DO things online, and have the Internet cloud be as simple as Cable TV. I don’t care what’s up there, as long as it WORKS!

14 The Business Case Cost Savings from economies of scale Scalability Elasticity Reliability (and in some cases, they enjoy a transfer of liability by outsourcing services)

15 Source: 2007

16 Source:

17 Where does it make sense? Start-ups Apps that are not processing key data Apps that benefit greatly from economies of scale, and that require high availability and DRP Apps that need periodic, huge capacity or CPU processing

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19 Where does it not make sense? Key apps that are earning your bread and butter Apps that touch personal data or process high-value/consumer transactions should be considered carefully Most cloud computing works well for highly paralell, but not serial apps

20 On-site vs. Off-site PaaS can be hosted at your data center, outsourced, or hosted in a hybrid environment like this example. Source: cohesiveft.com/vpncubed

21 Concern in the Cloud Security Control Performance Support Vendor Lock-In Speed of Scaling Configurability

22 Security Concerns CIA + Privacy Can you extend your policies to the cloud? Regulatory compliance Managing data on shared systems Forensics Auditing Segregation of data Portability & Interoperability Reliability & Manageability

23 In The News Monster.com Breach May Preface Targeted Attacks Salesforce.com Admits Data Loss Millions of Gmail Users Left in the Lurch Gmail is down, down, down

24 More… United Airlines Flight Operations Computer System Failure San Francisco Power Grid Failure PayPal Subscription Processing Fails Skype Down for Days LAX TSA Screening System Failure What if Google were to disappear for a few days? Or, Facebook? Yahoo?

25 Compliance in the Cloud Let me just list some common U.S. regulations and speak to them: PCI SOX HIPAA GLB California Breach Law (SB1386)

26 Future Trends The Web as a Participatory Worldwide Communications Media (Wikipedia, Facebook, YouTube…) The Need to Use Less Energy Innovation Imperative Quest for Simplicity Structure Out of Chaos Source:

27 The Grinch: It came without segregation. It came without recovery goals. It came without adequate physical, logical, or personnel access controls. It could have been high, it could have been low, I just have no clue where the data may flow! The Grinch Narrator: Then the Grinch thought of something he hadn't before. Narrator The Grinch: Maybe the perfect solution doesn't come from a store. Maybe solving business problems securely... The Grinch Narrator: He thought Narrator The Grinch:...means a little bit more. The Grinch Grinch in the Cloud

28 Useful Resources World Privacy Forum, Security Monks Blog, ecent-cloud-postings/ ecent-cloud-postings/ Rational Survivability Blog,


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