Extra fat/fur in winter; hibernation; migration
Coniferous Forest Plants: Many Fir trees, Pine trees, Spruce trees, and Larches; scattered Aspen, Maples, Birch; blueberry bushes.
Coniferous Forest Plant Adaptations: Needles = reduced surface area to reduce water loss; antifreeze- like chemical inside prevents water from freezing; needles retained all year to photosynthesize all year. Shape of tree & flexible branches allows snow to slide off.
Coniferous Forest Other: Thick layer of decaying needles on forest floor creates acidic soil. Least diverse forest. Largest terrestrial biome.
Deciduous Forest Location: Mid-latitudes of northern and southern hemisphere; Just south of coniferous forest in northern hemisphere. Temperate Zone
Temperatures: Low to moderate temperatures; -5 o to 85 o F; 4 seasons of equal length.
Deciduous Forest Precipitation: Moderate to high; Ranks 5 th in amount; Range = 30”- 60” (video = 30”-80”) annually.
DESERTS Plant Adaptations: *Stems Store Water *Modified Leaves = Needles = reduced surface area & defense of stored water *Extensive Root system
DESERTS Other: Greatest change in temperature in a 24 hour period of time. Hot days = No clouds to filter sun; Cold nights = no cloud cover to hold in daytime heat; sand does not insulate the ground. Soil is not very fertile.
Tropical Rainforest Location: Just to the north and south of the equator; 7% of the earth’s surface. Tropic Zone
Temperature: High; 75 o -95 o F (video = 75-86); Eternal Summer = consistent temperature and length of day year round.
Tropical Rainforest Animals Toucan, Tree sloth, Boa; Leopard, Iguana, Gecko, Tree frogs, Poison Arrow Frogs, Spider monkey, Parrots, Tons of Insects!
Tropical Rainforest Animal Adaptations: (Add these!) Arboreal = appendages modified for tree-dwelling life ; prehensile tail used for grasping trees branches) Camouflage = many are green to blend in with background Vocal = communicate vocally; hard to see each other through dense foliage.
Tropical Rainforest Plant Adaptations: Fast growing = compete to reach the sun Epiphytic= air plants grow on tree branches to get sun Leaf petioles articulate = to follow sun Leaves = drip tips to shed excess water Extensive roots = to anchor in water logged soil