2The Sounds of Music The Musical Sound The Sounded Music Sound conceptsparameters:durationamplitudefrequencyharmonicsphasedirectionAnalog representationsDigital representationsADC-DACsamplingquantizationformatThe Sounded Musicmusic as performancelive vs. recordedexpressiontempodynamicsvibratotimbreInstruments and TechniqueThe Sight of Musicthe performerthe environment
3Olivier Messiaen (1908–92) Quatre études de rythme, 1949–50 2: Mode de valeurs et d'intensités, 1949
4Pierre Boulez (1925–) Structures, book 1, for 2 pianos, 1951–2 premiered by Messiaen & Boulez in, Paris, 1952
29Timbre as Expression bel canto vs. pop musician vs. singer traditional vs. authenticcounterpoint vs. Klangmotiv
30Sound of Music“sol do la fa mi do re, sol do la ti do re do” “But it doesn’t mean anything!” “So we put in words, one word for every note, like this…” (Sound of Music)“Thus, music no longer in need of words now seems more than ever in need of words.” (Scott Burnham)侯珅譯: 現在不需要文字的音樂似乎比有文字的音樂還要多)!?“A picture is worth a thousand words.”
31LiteratureClarke, Eric F., and Nicholas Cook, eds. Empirical Musicology: Aims, Methods, Prospects. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.Parncutt, Richard, and Gary McPherson, eds. The Science & Psychology of Music Performance: Creative Strategies for Teaching and Learning. Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2002.Rink, John, ed. Musical Performance: A Guide to Understanding. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002.Day, Timothy. A Century of Recorded Music: Listening to Musical History. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000.Rink, John, ed. The Practice of Performance: Studies in Musical Interpretation. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995.