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Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Advanced Networks in Latin America and Argentina: available infrastructure.

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Presentation on theme: "Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Advanced Networks in Latin America and Argentina: available infrastructure."— Presentation transcript:

1 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Advanced Networks in Latin America and Argentina: available infrastructure

2 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Agenda Grids: needs for advanced networks Network Infrastructure in Argentina Network Infrastructure in Latin America Grids: regional initiatives

3 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 GRIDs: characteristics Colaboration between institutions in different cities, countries or continents Particularly useful for large countries like Argentina Equipments and resources to be shared Based on Advanced Networks

4 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Why Advanced Networks? Need for bigger bandwidth Quality of Service: different kind of traffic, priorities, response times IPv6: addressing, security, flexibility, mobility Multicast: –optimized bandwidth for audio and video transmisions –possibility to build p2p architecture involving many sites

5 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Available Infrastructure RETINA: Research and Education Network of Argentina –Advanced backbone in the central region of the country AMPATH: Internet2 connection CLARA: Cooperación Latinoamericana en Redes Avanzadas –Available Infrastructure for regional connectivity and communications to the rest of the world

6 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 What is RETINA? “Red TeleINformática Académica” NREN of Argentina since 1990 Around 60 institutions of R&E Managing the network of the 36 Public Universities Connected to Internet2 since 2001 (through AMPATH) and initial member of CLARA since 2002

7 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 RETINA: main facts International representation of the NREN since 15 years ago Project always running during that period RETINA is not a user of the resources, the services are available to the R&E community Main role together with other NREN from LA in associative projects like Clara, Alice, LACNIC, ENRED, etc.

8 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 ARN CONAE CNEA CLACSO TANDAR MRECIC SFP SAFJP AMSAT UDESA IFEVA UNA UTN Antorchas Arauz Tarea Darwinion UNCPBA UNGS UNGSM UNLM UNLP UNLZ UNLu UNMP UNQ UNref RETINA + RIU

9 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Avanced Network in Argentina December 2001: RETINA gets connected to Internet2 being part of the AMPATH project First institutions connected: UBA, UNL, UTN, SMN Initial link of 45 Mbps Native Multicast and IPv6

10 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Objectives To connect RETINA to other advanced networks To promote the access to that kind of networks from the R&E institutions of the public and private sector of the country To make available to the R&E community the new technologies and applications that are already in use in main countries To support the development of new applications that are still not possible in the actual Internet

11 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 AMPATH DS3 (45 Mbps) for each NREN Global Crossing – FIU agreement Duration: 3 years AmPath

12 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Access to Abilene (Internet2) Access to Startap and transit to Europe, Canada and other advanced networks. Active since 2001 for Chile, Brasil and Argentina. AMPATH

13 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 In the National scene Problem: internal capilarity Buenos Aires and the suburban zone have very good fiber infrastructure Other main cities like Córdoba, Rosario, Santa Fe, Mendoza have many carriers/providers Main problem: to extend the good connectivity to the rest of the country (monopolies, bad infrastructure).

14 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Network availability High Medium Low

15 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Strategies for augmenting national connectivity Need of a high speed R&E backbone Negotiation with carriers to be able to use available excess bandwitdth already installed. Agreements for joint work There are already some PoPs inside the country available

16 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 RETINA’s backbone Buenos Aires Santa Fe Rosario Córdoba Mendoza San Luis Río IV La Plata

17 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 La Plata Rosario Rio IV RETINA’s backbone

18 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Backbone key facts International link of 45 Mbps extends to the central region of the country More than 70% of the R&E activity of Argentina is in that zone It’s a starting point: it has to be extended to cover the other zones Important: each city in the backbone gets the same access conditions like Buenos Aires (services, costs)

19 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Backbone features Initial capacity: 45 Mbps. Potential upgrade to 155 Mbps Native IPv6 available Native Multicast QoS in the core and in the access International link: 90 Mbps

20 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Backbone features Agreement with Impsat to have a backbone in the central region of Argentina Negotiation with other providers to extend the backbone to North and South Already available 45 Mbps: –Mendoza, Cordoba, Rosario, Santa Fe –Other PoPs will be available on demand

21 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 IPv6 availability RETINA connected in native mode to AMPATH; soon to CLARA Institutions will have native mode connectivity Production addressing from LACNIC: 2001:1418::/32 Addresses asigned to the institutions that ask for them

22 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Actual connections IPv6 Nativo

23 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 La Plata Rosario Rio IV 2001:1318:1000::/ :1318:2000::/ :1318:A000::/ :1318:3000::/ :1318:4000::/ :1318:5000::/ :1318:6000::/ :1318:8000::/ :1318:9000::/36 IPv6 assignemt

24 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Multicast - Concept Mechanism to transmit the same stream of data to multiple receivers in an efficient way Unicast: one stream for each receiver Broadcast: data gets replicated to all the points in the network Multicast: only the minimum BW gets wasted, only the interested receivers get the data

25 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Multicast - Concept

26 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Multicast - Concept

27 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Multicast Native Multicast available with AMPATH and CLARA Multicast will be available in all the PoPs of the backbone Very few institutions have implemented multicast service until now We will give support to the institutions that want to implement it

28 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Quality of Service Need for guaranteeing different kind of traffic quality of service: –Videoconference –VoIP –Remote management of instruments in real time –Data transfers They will co-exist at the same time in the Network

29 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Quality of Service Parameters to take account: –Latency –Jitter –Packet loss QoS in the backbone but also in the access (institutions) WG of QoS integrated by RETINA and institutions

30 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Institutions connected to RETINA2 Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP) Universidad Tecnológica Nacional (UTN) Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (CLACSO) Centro de Investigaciones Tecnológicas de las Fuerzas Armadas (CITEFA) Planta Piloto de Ingeniería Química (PLAPIQUI) Arquitectura-UBA Agronomia-UBA Ciencias Exactas y Naturales-UBA Medicina - UBA

31 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Institutions connected to RETINA2 Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales (CONAE) Universidad Nacional del Litoral (UNL) Servicio Meteorológico Nacional (SMN) Observatorio Pierre Auger Universidad Católica Argentina (UCA) Universidad Nacional del Nordeste (UNNE) Centro Regional de Investigaciones Básicas y Aplicadas de Bahía Blanca (CRIBABB) y Universidad Nacional del Sur (UNS) Universidad Nacional de La Matanza (UNLM) Universidad Nacional de Tres de Febrero (UNTref)

32 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 CLARA – Cooperación Latinoaméricana en Redes Avanzadas Coordination between LA NRENs and other actors Cooperation to promote S&T development Planning and Operation of a Regional Advanced Network to interconnect the LA NRENs Interconection of CLARA to the rest of Advanced Networks in the world

33 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 ALICE and CLARA May initiative launched in Brussels June 2002: Meeting EC-LA in Toledo. The Declaración de Toledo get signed July 2002: all LA NRENs meet in Rio de Janeiro. Agreement to create CLARA: Cooperación Latino Americana de Redes Avanzadas November 2002: Meeting EU-CLARA in Santiago, Chile May 2003: CLARA bylaws get signed

34 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Argentina (60) Brasil (382) Bolivia (6) Chile (14) Colombia (43) Costa Rica (-) Cuba (21) Ecuador (9) El Salvador (7) Honduras (-) Guatemala (10) México(69) Nicaragua (-) Panamá (10) Paraguay (28) Perú (11) Rep. Dominicana (-) Uruguay (7) Venezuela (7) CLARA: members and S&T institutions

35 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Topology of RedClara

36 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 ALICE: América Latina Interconectada Con Europa March 2003: European Comission aproves ALICE Project June 2003: “Invitation to Tender” for the Network officialy announced November 2003 San José de Costa Rica: topology and chronogram decided March-April 2004: Contracts get signed August 31st 2004: First node active in Chile September 2004: Brasil join the network October-November 2004: Argentina, México and Panamá close the backbone ring November 2004: Launch of the Network in Brasil January-July 2005: all the countries in LA will be joining the network

37 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Europa Septiembre 2004 RedCLARA

38 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Europa Octubre 2004 RedCLARA

39 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Europa Noviembre 2004 RedCLARA

40 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Europa Marzo 2005 RedCLARA

41 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Europa Junio 2005 RedCLARA

42 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 WHREN-LILA WHREN: Western Hemisphere Research and Education Network LILA: Links Interconnecting Latin America NSF funding for interconnection US-CLARA April 2004 proposal to NSF, leaded by CENIC and FIU. Aproved December Link of 1 Gbps Tijuana-San Diego Shared link of 1,2 Gbps Sao Paulo-Miami

43 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 San Diego Miami WHREN-LILA y RedCLARA

44 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 GEANT Internet 2 RedCLARA 2005

45 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Network sustainability CLARA coordinates ALICE project in LA Total cost of ALICE project is 12.5 Millions Euros in 3 years 10 Millions Euros funded by the European Comission by Interconnection Initiative 2,5 Million Euros will be provided by LA NRENs as cofinancing After 2006 finantiation will depend on use and a better balance of international bandwidth costs

46 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Grids: initiatives in the region RETINA: infrastructure to give support to research projects (PAV, others) Proposal to ALFA funding to train researchers and technicians (RETINA- UNCOMA-CRIBABB-UNPA) CLARA: EELA proposal to the European Comission

47 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Support Infrastructure PAV: computational and access GRIDs deployment Make use of RETINA’s advanced backbone Join groups of researchers from different institutions of the country Will favor the integration and research in ICTs

48 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 ALFAGRID 4 institutions in Argentina: –RETINA, CRIBABB, UNCOMA, UNPA Coordinator: Universidad de Cantabria Other countries: –España, Italia, Francia, Chile, Mexico, Brasil, Venezuela Training in GRIDs oriented to researchers and technicians (support)

49 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 EELA Project E-infrastructure shared between Europe and Latin America Joint project betwen EU-LA presented to EC IST Extend to LA Grid technology and infrastructure developed in EGEE Period: , in case of being approved Take advantage of the already developed Advanced Networks: GEANT, CLARA

50 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 EELA: objectives To build an interoperable infrastructure between EU and LA Identify joint research & scientific applications between EU and LA Encourage participation in new projects at a national and international level Promote participation in relevant forums of grid computing Contribute to make researchers aware of grid computing

51 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 EELA: participants CLARA and the NRENs of the participating countries Countries: –España, Italia, Portugal –Argentina: UNLP –Brasil, Chile, Cuba, México, Perú, Venezuela CERN

52 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Conclusions There exists Advanced Network infrastructure for GRIDs support in LA and Argentina Working actively in the development and growing of that infrastructure New applications and services are promoted by different organizations GRIDs in Argentina are still to be developed We expect to collaborate in the dissemination and use of these new technologies

53 Panamerican Advanced Studies Institute Mendoza, Mayo 2005 Thanks Guillermo Cicileo


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