Word File Sentences Patterns Expansion Writing Practice
I. the suffix “-ship” The suffix “-ship” may be added to a noun to indicate a quality, an ability, or a condition. leadership 領導力 relationship 關係 friendship 友誼 m embership 會員資格 partnership 合夥 championship 冠軍獎 scholarship 學識 sportsmanship 運動家精神
II. quotable quotations by Western leaders in history 1. A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. 樂觀者在每一場災難中都看到機遇， 悲觀者在每個機遇中都看到災難。 - Sir Winston Churchill
II. quotable quotations by Western leaders in history 2. Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own minds. 人們不是命運的囚犯，而不過是困於 自己心靈中的囚犯罷了。 -Franklin D. Roosevelt
II. quotable quotations by Western leaders in history 3. Forgive your enemies, but never forget their names. 原諒你的敵人，但絕不要忘了他們的 名字。 -John F. Kennedy
II. quotable quotations by Western leaders in history 4. Always bear in mind that your own resolution to succeed is more important than any one thing. 永遠記住：你取得成功的決心比什麼 都重要 -Abraham Lincoln
II. quotable quotations by Western leaders in history 5. Our lives begin to end the day we become silent about things that matter. 如果我們對重大的事情保持沉默， 我們的生命就完蛋了。 -Martin Luther King, Jr. Back
I.Are You a Born Leader? Questions Your Answers 1. Are you an honest person?YesNo 2. Do you hate to be alone?YesNo 3. Do you tend to ask others to help you make tough decisions? YesNo 4. Do you think positively and always look on the bright side of things? YesNo 5. Do you like changes and challenges in your life? YesNo 6. Do you have full confidence in yourself ?YesNo 7. Do you lose control of your life from time to time? YesNo
I.Are You a Born Leader? Questions Your Answers 8. Do you believe that no one is too old to learn? YesNo 9. Do you think the world is strictly divided into only good and evil, right and wrong? YesNo 10. Do you always need others to motivate you?YesNo 11. Can you motivate your friends?YesNo 12. Can you make your points easily understood by others? YesNo 13. Are you a good listener?YesNo 14. Are you stingy ( 吝嗇 ) with money? YesNo 15. Do you like to help people?YesNo
Scoring: For questions 1,4, 5, 6, 8, 11, 12, 13, or 15, a “Yes” gets one point. For questions 2, 3, 7, 9, 10 or14, a “No” gets one point Congratulations! You are a born leader! People need your guidance and your help. Lead them and save them! 06-11Well, not bad. There are some characteristics that you may need to develop before you become a true leader. But don't give up. You’ll be one someday.
Scoring: 00-50Things seem pretty grim for you, but it’s okay. Not everyone has to be a leader. Being a follower is just as good and important. Without followers, there would be no leaders anyway.
II. A Poem Read the following poem and then answer the following questions. Leaders Anonymous Some leaders lead too far ahead, High-visioned, unafraid; Yet, ages after they are dead, We tread the paths they made. Some leaders lead too far behind, Nor seem to keep the track, Yet they bring on the deaf and blind, Who else would hold us back.
II. A Poem And some seem not to lead at all, Slow moving on the way, Yet help the weary feet and small Of those who else would stray. Lead on, O leaders of the race! Your work is long and wide; We need your help in every place— Before, behind, beside.
Questions: 1.How many kinds of leaders are mentioned in the poem? What are they? Which kind of leader do you think Dr. Sun Yat-sen belongs to?
Reference answer : Three kinds of leaders are mentioned in the poem. The first kind of leader is one who surpasses his/her contemporaries in thought. The leader is a person of great vision. He/She dares to innovate and lead people to make some great changes. The leader’s influence on people is profound and long-lasting. The second kind of leader is one who appears more conservative. The leader doesn’t try to do something innovative.
Reference answer : Instead, he/she focuses upon certain basic problems among people, such as the welfare of the disadvantaged minority the deaf and the blind. The leader wants people to have equal opportunities to grow. Thus, it is possible for a country to develop soundly as a whole. Besides, the “deaf and blind” may also refer to those who cannot see or understand the country's situation. This leader doesn’t neglect them; instead, he/she tries to let them
Reference answer : see and understand. Otherwise, they may hinder the country’s progress. The third and the last kind of leader is one who seems not to lead at all. Probably the leader is suitable for war-weary people. The way he/she leads people is moderate. The leader is not eager to lead since people are too weary to be led. As mentioned in the reading, “leadership is as much a question of timing as anything else.” This leader knows the timing.
Reference answer : I think Dr. Sun Yat-sen belongs to the first kind of leader. He overthrew the Qing dynasty and established the first democracy in China. At that time, he really surpassed the rest of the Chinese in thought, and he was brave enough to lead people to make great changes. His influence upon China is profound and significant. He was the founder of modern China.
Questions: 2. Does the poet show any preference to one particular kind of leaders?
Reference answer : No, the poet doesn’t show any preference to any of the three kinds of leaders in the poem. Instead, to the poet, each kind of leader may contribute to people’s well-being in different ways.
Questions: 3. What does the poet try to express in the last stanza?
Reference answer : The poet thinks the work of being a leader is significant. People always need a leader to lead them and guide them. Back
Defining a Term
To explain an idea or to argue a point clearly, writers often need to define terms. Definitions spell out the exact or special meaning of a term that can be interpreted in different ways. The following examples are sentence definitions that explain different interpretations of the term “leader.” Here are some examples:
1.Great leaders are almost always great simplifiers, who cut through argument, debate, and doubt to offer a solution everyone can understand and remember. 2.We expect our leader to stand out a little, not to be like ordinary men.
3. A leader should have an unforgettable identity instantly and permanently fixed in people's minds. 4. It also helps for a leader to be able to do something most of us can't. 5. A leader must know how to use power. 6. A leader rides the waves, moves with the tide, and understands the deepest yearnings of his people.
Write a paragraph titled “What It Takes to Be a Good Parent.” In your topic sentence, you should give your definition of “a good parent.” You may imitate the above examples to write your own definition and use example(s) to support your definition. Your example(s) may be personal experience, facts, statistics from scientific reports, information from any survey, quotations from experts, etc. Here is an illustration.
Sentence 2 (topic sentence) Sentences 3-7 (main idea 1) What It Takes to Be a Good Parent Anyone can be a parent, but not everyone can be a good parent. The qualities of a good parent are patience, guidance, and trust. We all know that good teachers are patient, so it should not be surprising that good parents are also patient. Example:
Sentences 8-10 (main idea2) Children, whether babies or teenagers, are learning about life. No one is born knowing everything. When we learn new things, we make mistakes. Good parents know this and are patient with us. On the other hand, patience is not needed so often when parents are good guides for us.
Many parents think that they should lay down “rules” for children as a military officer lays down rules for his troops. However, by explaining the difference between right and wrong—not merely expecting that we will know it—parents can give guidelines to their children, allowing them to test
Sentences (main idea 3) what is right and wrong, what works and what doesn't. This freedom for children to learn about life for themselves builds the third quality necessary to be a good parent: trust. I'm always happy to hear a classmate or friend say that he/she can tell anything to one or both of his/her parents.
Sentence 15 (conclusion) A good parent cherishes this close connection and encourages it. By doing so, a trusting and lasting relationship can grow. By now it should be clear that good parents are those who maintain patience, act as good guides, and build trust with their children.