1Word FileSentences PatternsExpansionWriting Practice
2The suffix “-ship” may be added to a Word fileI. the suffix “-ship”The suffix “-ship” may be added to anoun to indicate a quality, an ability, ora condition.leadership 領導力relationship 關係friendship 友誼membership 會員資格partnership 合夥championship 冠軍獎scholarship 學識sportsmanship 運動家精神
3II. quotable quotations by Western leaders in history Word fileII. quotable quotations by Westernleaders in history1. A pessimist sees the difficulty inevery opportunity; an optimistsees the opportunity in everydifficulty.樂觀者在每一場災難中都看到機遇，悲觀者在每個機遇中都看到災難。- Sir Winston Churchill
4II. quotable quotations by Western leaders in history Word fileII. quotable quotations by Westernleaders in history2. Men are not prisoners of fate,but only prisoners of their ownminds.人們不是命運的囚犯，而不過是困於自己心靈中的囚犯罷了。-Franklin D. Roosevelt
5II. quotable quotations by Western leaders in history Word fileII. quotable quotations by Westernleaders in history3. Forgive your enemies, but neverforget their names.原諒你的敵人，但絕不要忘了他們的名字。 John F. Kennedy
6II. quotable quotations by Western leaders in history Word fileII. quotable quotations by Westernleaders in history4. Always bear in mind that yourown resolution to succeed ismore important than any onething.永遠記住：你取得成功的決心比什麼都重要 Abraham Lincoln
7Back II. quotable quotations by Western leaders in history Word fileII. quotable quotations by Westernleaders in history5. Our lives begin to end the daywe become silent about thingsthat matter.如果我們對重大的事情保持沉默，我們的生命就完蛋了。-Martin Luther King, Jr.Back
9Questions Your Answers Are You a Born Leader?Questions Your Answers1. Are you an honest person?YesNo2. Do you hate to be alone?3. Do you tend to ask others to help you maketough decisions?4. Do you think positively and always look onthe bright side of things?5. Do you like changes and challenges in yourlife?6. Do you have full confidence in yourself ?7. Do you lose control of your life from time totime?
10Questions Your Answers Are You a Born Leader?Questions Your Answers8. Do you believe that no one is too old tolearn?YesNo9. Do you think the world is strictly dividedinto only good and evil, right and wrong?10. Do you always need others to motivate you?11. Can you motivate your friends?12. Can you make your points easilyunderstood by others?13. Are you a good listener?14. Are you stingy (吝嗇) with money?15. Do you like to help people?
11Scoring:For questions 1,4, 5, 6, 8, 11, 12, 13,or 15, a “Yes” gets one point. For questions 2,3, 7, 9, 10 or14, a “No” gets one point.12-15Congratulations! You are a born leader!People need your guidance and your help.Lead them and save them!06-11Well, not bad. There are somecharacteristics that you may need to developbefore you become a true leader. But don'tgive up. You’ll be one someday.
12Scoring:00-50Things seem pretty grim for you, but it’s okay. Not everyone has to be a leader. Being a follower is just as good and important. Without followers, there would be no leaders anyway.
13II. A Poem Leaders Anonymous Read the following poem and then answer the following questions.Leaders AnonymousSome leaders lead too far ahead,High-visioned, unafraid;Yet, ages after they are dead,We tread the paths they made.Some leaders lead too far behind,Nor seem to keep the track,Yet they bring on the deaf and blind,Who else would hold us back.
14II. A Poem And some seem not to lead at all, Slow moving on the way, Yet help the weary feet and smallOf those who else would stray.Lead on, O leaders of the race!Your work is long and wide;We need your help in every place—Before, behind, beside.
15Questions:How many kinds of leaders are mentioned in the poem? What are they? Which kind of leader do you think Dr. Sun Yat-sen belongs to?
16Reference answer :Three kinds of leaders are mentioned in the poem. The first kind of leader is one who surpasses his/her contemporaries in thought. The leader is a person of great vision. He/She dares to innovate and lead people to make some great changes. The leader’s influence on people is profound and long-lasting.The second kind of leader is one who appears more conservative. The leader doesn’t try to do something innovative.
17Reference answer :Instead, he/she focuses upon certain basic problems among people, such as the welfare of the disadvantaged minority the deaf and the blind. The leader wants people to have equal opportunities to grow. Thus, it is possible for a country to develop soundly as a whole. Besides, the “deaf and blind” may also refer to those who cannot see or understand the country's situation. This leader doesn’t neglect them; instead, he/she tries to let them
18Reference answer :see and understand. Otherwise, they may hinder the country’s progress.The third and the last kind of leader is one who seems not to lead at all. Probably the leader is suitable for war-weary people. The way he/she leads people is moderate. The leader is not eager to lead since people are too weary to be led. As mentioned in the reading, “leadership is as much a question of timing as anything else.” This leader knows the timing.
19Reference answer :I think Dr. Sun Yat-sen belongs to the first kind of leader. He overthrew the Qing dynasty and established the first democracy in China. At that time, he really surpassed the rest of the Chinese in thought, and he was brave enough to lead people to make great changes. His influence upon China is profound and significant. He was the founder of modern China.
20Questions:2. Does the poet show any preference to one particular kind of leaders?
21Reference answer :No, the poet doesn’t show any preference to any of the three kinds of leaders in the poem.Instead, to the poet, each kind of leader may contribute to people’s well-being in different ways.
22Questions:3. What does the poet try to express in the last stanza?
23Reference answer : Back The poet thinks the work of being a leader is significant. People always need a leader to lead them and guide them.Back
25To explain an idea or to argue a point clearly, writers often need to define terms. Definitions spell out the exact or special meaning of a term that can be interpreted in different ways. The following examples are sentence definitions that explain different interpretations of the term “leader.” Here are some examples:
26examples:Great leaders are almost always great simplifiers, who cut through argument, debate, and doubt to offer a solution everyone can understand and remember.We expect our leader to stand out a little, not to be like ordinary men.
273. A leader should have an unforgettable identity instantly and permanently fixed in people's minds. 4. It also helps for a leader to be able to do something most of us can't.5. A leader must know how to use power.6. A leader rides the waves, moves with the tide, and understands the deepest yearnings of his people.
28Write a paragraph titled “What It Takes to Be a Good Parent Write a paragraph titled “What It Takes to Be a Good Parent.” In your topic sentence, you should give your definition of “a good parent.” You may imitate the above examples to write your own definition and use example(s) to support your definition. Your example(s) may be personal experience, facts, statistics from scientific reports, information from any survey, quotations from experts, etc. Here is an illustration.
29Example:Sentence 2 (topicsentence) Sentences 3-7 (main idea 1)What It Takes to Be a Good Parent Anyone can be a parent, but not everyone can be a good parent. The qualities of a good parent are patience, guidance, and trust. We all know that good teachers are patient, so it should not be surprising that good parents are also patient.
30Sentences8-10(main idea2)Children, whether babies or teenagers, are learning about life. No one is born knowing everything. When we learn new things, we make mistakes. Good parents know this and are patient with us. On the other hand, patience is not needed so often when parents are good guides for us.
31Many parents think that they should lay down “rules” for children as a military officer lays down rules for his troops. However, by explaining the difference between right and wrong—not merely expecting that we will know it—parents can give guidelines to their children, allowing them to test
32Sentences 11-14 (main idea 3)what is right and wrong, what works and what doesn't. This freedom for children to learn about life for themselves builds the third quality necessary to be a good parent: trust. I'm always happy to hear a classmate or friend say that he/she can tell anything to one or both of his/her parents.
33Sentence 15(conclusion)A good parent cherishes this close connection and encourages it. By doing so, a trusting and lasting relationship can grow. By now it should be clear that good parents are those who maintain patience, act as good guides, and build trust with their children.