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The Present Tenses Simple Present I.E.S. GERENA Gerena (Sevilla) Manuel Casas - slideshare 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "The Present Tenses Simple Present I.E.S. GERENA Gerena (Sevilla) Manuel Casas - slideshare 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Present Tenses Simple Present I.E.S. GERENA Gerena (Sevilla) Manuel Casas - slideshare 2010

2 2 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE 1. FORM a.affirmative: Subject+verb (infinitive / +s) Ex.:I eat pizza b. negative: subject+don’t/doesn’t+verb infinitive Ex.:I don’t eat pizza / She doesn’t eat pizza

3 c. interrogative: Aux verb (do/does) + subject + main verb Ex.:Do you eat pizza? / Does she eat pizza?

4 4 SINGULAR PLURAL 1 st PERSON I walk we walk 2 nd PERSON you walk she walks he walks it walks they walk 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE 3 rd PERSON

5 d. verb forms We add –s to most verbs: walks, gets, … We add –es to verbs that end in sh, ch, ss or o: finishes, goes, catches, … If a verb ends in a consonant +y, we change the y to i and add –es: tries, studies, … If a verb ends in a vowel +y, we add –s: pays, plays, …

6 6 (a) crycries flyflies (b) paypays enjoy enjoys consonant + -y change y to i, add -es vowel + -y add -s 3-6 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y

7 7 Gazi _________ too many things.often buys 3-6 Let’s Practice buy often

8 8 She __________ nice things. always says 3-6 Let’s Practice say always

9 9 Her father __________ about her.often worries 3-6 Let’s Practice worry often

10 10 3 rd person singular add -s rains SPELLING (a) run PRONUNCIATION runs rain -s as /z/ voiced scrub scrubs love loves SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S / -ES

11 11 -s as /s/ voiceless SPELLING (b) sink PRONUNCIATION sinks meet meets fight fights cough coughs SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular add -s

12 12 -es as /iz/ SPELLING (c) push PRONUNCIATION pushes watch watches miss misses tax taxes -sh, -ch, -ss, -x SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular add -es

13 13 3 rd person singular change y to i, add -es SPELLING (d) dry PRONUNCIATION dries study studies -es as /iz/ consonant + -y SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES

14 14 SPELLING (e) pay PRONUNCIATION pays buy buys SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular add -s -s as /z/ vowel + -y

15 15 SPELLING (f) have PRONUNCIATION has go goes /ha z/ do does e /gowz/ /d z/ e SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ES 3 rd person singular forms irregular

16 16 Mark ______ his bike up the hill every afternoon. pushes Let’s Practice push

17 17 The child _______ his teeth every morning. brushes Let’s Practice brush

18 18 Brenda often ______ about her old home. dreams Let’s Practice dream

19 2. USES 1. To describe routines or habits I get up at seven o’clock every morning 2. To talk about things that are always or generally true The sun sets in the west 3. To describe a permanent situation which is true now We live in London 4. With adverbs of frequency such as always, usually, every day/ week/ year, in the morning/ afternoon/ evening and at night … She often studies in the library 5. To express future meaning with actions and events that are part of a fixed timetable The train leaves at 8’30

20 20 (a) I eat lunch every afternoon. (b) Max drives to work every day. (c) We get up every morning. (d) Kyle calls Mimi every weekend. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE HABITS = USUAL ACTIVITIES

21 21 We _____ television every day. watch watches watch Let’s Practice

22 22 He _______ television every day. watchwatches Let’s Practice

23 23 We ____ lunch at 12:00. eateats eat Let’s Practice

24 24 Jara _____ a walk in the morning. takes taketakes Let’s Practice

25 25 (d) Tia sometimes eats lunch at school. (c) Josh often eats hamburgers. 100% (a) Mary always eats lunch at school. 90%- 99% (b) Mary usually eats lunch at school. 75%- 90% 25%- 75% 5%- 10% 1%- 10% 0% (e) Tia seldom eats lunch at school. (f) Eva rarely washes her car. (g) Jay never goes to the zoo. frequency adverbs USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS: ALWAYS, USUALLY, OFTEN, SOMETIMES, SELDOM, RARELY, NEVER

26 26 Talia _______ feeds her dog. Sun.Mon. Tues. Wed. Thurs. Fri.Sat.  always Let’s Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never

27 27 always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Jara ______ watches TV. Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs. Fri.Sat.  seldom Let’s Practice

28 28 always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Luke _______ cooks dinner.  usually  Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs. Fri.Sat. Let’s Practice

29 29 always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never Peter _________ cooks dinner.  sometimes  Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs. Fri.Sat. Let’s Practice

30 30 She goes to the library once a week. OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS

31 31 (a) She goes to the library once a week. twice a week. five times a week. Sun.Mon. Tues.Wed. Thurs. Fri.Sat.    OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS

32 32 (b) I go to school five times a week. (c) I go to the movies twice a month. (d) I go to the beach once a year. OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS how many times a day a week a month a year

33 33 every weeks (e) I feed my dog every morning. I ride my horse every week. I wash my car every year. Every is singular. Correct?no OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS

34 34 How often do you drink coffee? Let’s Practice Every morning.

35 35 So you drink coffee? always Yes. Let’s Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never

36 36 I know. She drinks coffee. never Mary doesn’t drink coffee. Let’s Practice always usually often sometimes seldom rarely never

37 37 oftensometimes seldom rarelynever + rides a bike. Sergio SUBJECT + FREQUENCY + SIMPLE ADVERB PRESENT VERBS always usually + frequency adverb + all simple present verbs except be USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH simple present verbs

38 38 usuallyoften sometimes seldom rarelynever dirty. Jeff + is + SUBJECT + BE + FREQUENCY ADVERB always FREQUENCY ADVERB am is + are USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BE

39 39 tired. usually Let’s Practice He is ______________________________________

40 40 sad.neverJeff is Let’s Practice _________________________________________

41 41 Lucy oftenreads at the library. Let’s Practice

42 42 It rarely rains in the desert. Let’s Practice

43 43 Seung never ______ his TV program. misses 3-5 Let’s Practice miss

44 44 Gerardo _______ math.teaches 3-5 Let’s Practice teach

45 45 Viktor always _______ his car. washes 3-5 Let’s Practice wash

46 46 Ade usually ______ sugar in his coffee. mixes 3-5 Let’s Practice mix

47 47 The baby cries a lot. 3-6 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y

48 48 The man has a brown coat. 3-7 IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES

49 49 does (c) I do exercises. (d) He does exercises. (a) I have a hat. (b) She has a hat. Irregular forms: havehas dodoes (e) We go to the gym. (f) He goes to the gym. gogoes she he it has goes she he it she he it IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES

50 50 George ____ yoga every day. does 3-7 Let’s Practice do does

51 51 Ann ______ for a walk on Sunday. goes 3-7 Let’s Practice go goes

52 52 She always ____ homework.has 3-7 Let’s Practice have has

53 53 She runs six miles every day. 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S / -ES

54 54 They do not wash their car. 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE

55 55 (a) do not drink milk. IYouThey NEGATIVE: I We You They + do not + main verb She He It + does not + main verb We (b) does not drink milk. He ItShe 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE

56 56 She does not drinks milk. 3 rd person singular no -s on main verb 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE (a) I do not drink milk. (b) She does not drink milk. do and does = helping verbs ?

57 57 (d) He doesn’t drink milk. Jack doesn’t like dogs. (c) I don’t drink milk. They don’t go to the lake. do not = don’t CONTRACTIONS: does not = doesn’t 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE

58 58 doesn’t smile (use the contraction) 3-9 Let’s Practice This child ___________. smile not

59 59 We ________ snakes.don’t like (use the contraction) 3-9 Let’s Practice like not

60 60 doesn’t speak (use the contraction) 3-9 Let’s Practice speak not Magda ___________ Dutch.

61 61 feed don’t feeds 3-9 Let’s Practice don’t doesn’t feed jump run speak Sometimes I ____ ____ my cat. My husband _____ her.

62 Let’s Practice don’t doesn’t sit need like run doesn’t She ______ ____ fast at the gym. She gets tired.

63 63 need 3-9 Let’s Practice don’t doesn’t feed jump need eat They are good cooks. don’t They ____ ____ help.

64 64 Does he exercise? 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS

65 65 Do I + main verb (simple form) Do you + main verb (simple form) Do we + main verb (simple form) Do they + main verb (simple form) ( b) Do you like salad? ( c) Do we like salad? ( d) Do they like salad? ( a) Do I like salad? QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENT DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN DOES VERB 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS

66 66 Does he + main verb (simple form) Does it + main verb (simple form) ( f) Does he like salad? ( g) Does it look good? ( e) Does she like salad? Does she + main verb (simple form) QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENT DO/ + SUBJECT + MAIN DOES VERB 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS

67 67 do (h) Are you a student? NOT: Do you be a student? main verb = a form of be 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS

68 68 QUESTION SHORT ANSWER (i) Do you like ice cream? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. (j) Does Max like ice cream? Yes, he does. No, he doesn’t THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS

69 69 I like to ride horses. Do you like to ride horses? Yes, I do Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer

70 70 They have a baby. Do they have a baby? Yes, they do Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer

71 71 Cows don’t bark. Do cows bark? No, they don’t Let’s Practice Question Short Answer Long Answer


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