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1I.E.S. GERENA Gerena (Sevilla) Manuel Casas - slideshare The Present TensesSimple PresentI.E.S. GERENA Gerena (Sevilla)Manuel Casas - slideshare2010
2Ex.:I don’t eat pizza / She doesn’t eat pizza 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE1. FORMaffirmative: Subject+verb (infinitive / +s)Ex.:I eat pizzab. negative:subject+don’t/doesn’t+verb infinitiveEx.:I don’t eat pizza / She doesn’t eat pizza
3Ex.:Do you eat pizza? / Does she eat pizza? c. interrogative:Aux verb (do/does) + subject + main verbEx.:Do you eat pizza? / Does she eat pizza?
4SINGULAR PLURAL I walk we walk you walk you walk she walks he walks 3-1 FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSESINGULAR PLURAL1st PERSONI walkwe walkyou walkyou walk2nd PERSONshe walkshe walksit walksthey walk3rd PERSON
5d. verb forms We add –s to most verbs: walks, gets, … We add –es to verbs that end in sh, ch, ss or o: finishes, goes, catches, …If a verb ends in a consonant +y, we change the y to i and add –es: tries, studies, …If a verb ends in a vowel +y, we add –s: pays, plays, …
6(a) cry cries fly flies (b) pay pays enjoy enjoys consonant + -y 3-6 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Yconsonant + -ychange y to i,add -es(a) crycriesflyflies(b) paypaysvowel + -yadd -senjoyenjoys
7Gazi _________ too many things. often buys 3-6 Let’s Practicebuy oftenGazi _________ too many things.often buys
9Her father __________ about her. often worries 3-6 Let’s Practiceworry oftenHer father __________ about her.often worries
103rd person singular add -s SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S / -ESSPELLINGPRONUNCIATION(a) runrunsrainrains-s as /z/voicedscrubscrubsloveloves3rd person singular add -s
113rd person singular add -s SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ESSPELLINGPRONUNCIATION(b) sinksinksmeetmeets-s as /s/voicelessfightfightscoughscough3rd person singular add -s
123rd person singular add -es SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ESSPELLINGPRONUNCIATION(c) pushpusheswatchwatches-es as /iz/missmissestaxtaxes-sh, -ch, -ss, -x3rd person singular add -es
13-es as /iz/ change y to i, add -es (d) dry dries study studies SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ESSPELLINGPRONUNCIATION(d) drydriesstudystudies-es as /iz/consonant + -y3rd person singularchange y to i, add -es
14-s as /z/ add -s (e) pay pays buy buys 3rd person singular SPELLING SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ESSPELLINGPRONUNCIATION(e) paypaysbuybuys-s as /z/vowel + -y3rd person singularadd -s
153rd person singular forms SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S I -ESSPELLINGPRONUNCIATION(f) havehas/ha z/egogoes/gowz/doesdo/d z/e3rd person singular formsirregular
16push Mark ______ his bike up the hill every afternoon. pushes Let’s PracticepushMark ______ hisbike up the hillevery afternoon.pushes
17brushes brush teeth every morning. The child _______ his Let’s PracticeThe child _______ histeeth every morning.brushesbrush
18Let’s PracticedreamBrenda often ______about her old home.dreams
192. USES 1. To describe routines or habits I get up at seven o’clock every morning2. To talk about things that are always or generally trueThe sun sets in the west3. To describe a permanent situation which is true nowWe live in London4. With adverbs of frequency such as always, usually, every day/ week/ year, in the morning/ afternoon/ evening and at night …She often studies in the library5. To express future meaning with actions and events that are part of a fixed timetableThe train leaves at 8’30
20(a) I eat lunch every afternoon. (b) Max drives to work every day. FORM AND BASIC MEANING OF THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE(a) I eat lunch every afternoon.(b) Max drives to work every day.(c) We get up every morning.(d) Kyle calls Mimi every weekend.MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFridaySaturdaySundayHABITS = USUAL ACTIVITIES
21Let’s PracticeWe _____ television every day.watchwatchwatches
22Let’s PracticeHe _______ television every day.watcheswatchwatches
24Jara _____ a walk in the morning. Let’s PracticeJara _____ a walk in the morning.takestaketakes
25frequency adverbs (d) Tia sometimes eats lunch at school. USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS: ALWAYS, USUALLY, OFTEN, SOMETIMES, SELDOM, RARELY, NEVER(a) Mary always eats lunch at school.100%(b) Mary usually eats lunch at school.90%- 99%(c) Josh often eats hamburgers.75%- 90%(d) Tia sometimes eats lunch at school.25%- 75%5%- 10%(e) Tia seldom eats lunch at school.1%- 10%(f) Eva rarely washes her car.0%(g) Jay never goes to the zoo.frequency adverbs
26Talia _______ feeds her dog. Let’s PracticealwaysusuallyoftensometimesseldomrarelyneverTalia _______ feeds her dog.alwaysSun.Mon.Tues.Wed.Thurs.Fri.Sat.
27Jara ______ watches TV. seldom always usually often sometimes seldom Let’s PracticealwaysusuallyoftensometimesseldomrarelyneverJara ______ watches TV.seldomSun.Mon.Tues.Wed.Thurs.Fri.Sat.
28Luke _______ cooks dinner. usually Let’s PracticealwaysusuallyoftensometimesseldomrarelyneverLuke _______ cooks dinner.usuallySun.Mon.Tues.Wed.Thurs.Fri.Sat.
29Peter _________ cooks dinner. sometimes always usually often sometimes Let’s PracticealwaysusuallyoftensometimesseldomrarelyneverPeter _________ cooksdinner.sometimesSun.Mon.Tues.Wed.Thurs.Fri.Sat.
30OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS She goes tothe libraryonce a week.
31(a) She goes to the library OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONSonce a week.twice a week.five times a week.(a) She goes to the librarySun.Mon.Tues.Wed.Thurs.Fri.Sat.
32a day a week a month a year OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS(b) I go to school five times a week.(c) I go to the movies twice a month.(d) I go to the beach once a year.how many timesa day a weeka month a year
33(e) I feed my dog every morning. OTHER FREQUENCY EXPRESSIONS(e) I feed my dog every morning.Everyissingular.I ride my horse every week.I wash my car every year.Correct?noevery weeks
34How often do you drink coffee? Let’s PracticeHow often do you drink coffee?Everymorning.
35So you always drink coffee? always Yes. usually often sometimes seldom Let’s PracticeSo youdrink coffee?alwaysusuallyoftensometimesseldomrarelyneveralwaysYes.
37+ sometimes usually seldom always rarely often never + rides a bike. USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH simple present verbsSUBJECT FREQUENCY + SIMPLEADVERB PRESENT VERBSSergio+sometimesusuallyseldomalwaysrarelyoftennever+ rides a bike.all simplepresentverbsexcept befrequency adverb
38sometimes always usually seldom never rarely often dirty. am is + are USING FREQUENCY ADVERBS WITH BESUBJECT BE FREQUENCYADVERBsometimesalwaysusuallyseldomJeff is +neverrarelyoftendirty.amis +areFREQUENCY ADVERB
39He is tired. usually Let’s Practice ______________________________________
40Jeff is sad. never Let’s Practice _________________________________________
45Viktor always _______ his car. washes 3-5 Let’s PracticewashViktor always _______ his car.washes
46Ade usually ______ sugar in his coffee. mixes 3-5 Let’s PracticemixAde usually ______ sugarin his coffee.mixes
473-6 ADDING FINAL -S / -ES TO WORDS THAT END IN -Y The baby cries a lot.
483-7 IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOES The man has a brown coat.
49+ has have has does + do does + goes go goes Irregular forms: she 3-7 IRREGULAR SINGULAR VERBS: HAS, DOES, GOESIrregular forms:sheheit(a) I have a hat.+has(b) She has a hat.havehassheheit(c) I do exercises.(d) He does exercises.does+dodoessheheit(e) We go to the gym.(f) He goes to the gym.+goesgogoes
50George ____ yoga every day. 3-7 Let’s Practicedo doesGeorge ____ yoga every day.does
51Ann ______ for a walk on Sunday. 3-7 Let’s Practicego goesAnn ______ for a walk on Sunday.goes
53She runs six miles every day. 3-8 SPELLING AND PRONUNCIATION OF FINAL -S / -ESShe runs six miles every day.
54They do not wash their car. 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVEThey do not wash their car.
55They We You I (a) do not drink milk. She He It 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVETheyWeYouI(a) do not drink milk.IWeYouTheyNEGATIVE:+ do not + main verbSheHeIt(b) does not drink milk.SheHeIt+ does not + main verb
56? I do not drink milk. She does not drink milk. 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVEI do not drink milk.She does not drink milk.do and does = helping verbs?She does not drinks milk.3rd person singular no -s on main verb
57They don’t go to the lake. 3-9 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: NEGATIVE(c) I don’t drink milk.They don’t go to the lake.(d) He doesn’t drink milk.Jack doesn’t like dogs.CONTRACTIONS:do not = don’tdoes not = doesn’t
61Sometimes I ____ ____ my cat. My husband _____ her. feeds 3-9 Let’s Practicefeedjumprunspeakdon’tdoesn’tdon’tfeedSometimes I ____ ____ my cat.My husband _____ her.feeds
62She ______ ____ fast at the gym. She gets tired. doesn’t run 3-9 Let’s Practicedon’tdoesn’tsitneedlikerunShe ______ ____ fast at the gym.She gets tired.doesn’trun
63They are good cooks. need They ____ ____ help. don’t don’t feed 3-9 Let’s Practicedon’tdoesn’tfeedjumpneedeatThey are good cooks.needThey ____ ____ help.don’t
643-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS Does he exercise?
65QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENT 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONSDO/ SUBJECT + MAINDOES VERB(a) Do I like salad?(d) Do they like salad?(c) Do we like salad?(b) Do you like salad?QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENTDo you main verb(simple form)Do we main verb(simple form)Do they main verb(simple form)Do I main verb(simple form)
66QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENT 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONSDO/ + SUBJECT + MAINDOES VERB(g) Does it look good?(e) Does she like salad?(f) Does he like salad?QUESTION FORMS, SIMPLE PRESENTDoes it main verb(simple form)Does she main verb(simple form)Does he main verb(simple form)
67do (h) Are you a student? main verb = a form of be 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONS(h) Are you a student?NOT: Do you be a student?main verb = a form of bedo
68(i) Do you like ice cream? Yes, I do. No, I don’t. 3-10 THE SIMPLE PRESENT: YES/NO QUESTIONSQUESTION SHORT ANSWER(i) Do you like ice cream?Yes, I do.No, I don’t.(j) Does Max like ice cream?Yes, he does.No, he doesn’t.
69Do you like to ride horses? 3-10 Let’s PracticeQuestionDo you like to ride horses?Short AnswerYes, I do.Long AnswerI like to ride horses.
70Do they have a baby? Yes, they do. They have a baby. Question 3-10 Let’s PracticeQuestionDo they have a baby?Short AnswerYes, they do.Long AnswerThey have a baby.
71Do cows bark? No, they don’t. Cows don’t bark. Question Short Answer 3-10 Let’s PracticeQuestionDo cows bark?Short AnswerNo, they don’t.Long AnswerCows don’t bark.