Goals Answer all your housing questions! Make sure when someone talks to you in housing speak, you can answer right back. Motivate you to participate in local COC.
nlchp.org Who Wants Alphabet Soup? PTFA or ESG might keep a family in their home, but if that doesn’t work HUD may tell you to try a PHA that can give you VASH or FUP, and if that doesn’t work under the COC plan for implementing HEARTH maybe the family can get PSH.
nlchp.org What Does This Alphabet Soup Mean? Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act or Emergency Solutions Grant might keep a family in their home, but if that doesn’t work Housing and Urban Development may tell you to try a Public Housing Authority that can give you Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing or Family Unification Program, and if that doesn’t work under the Continuum Of Care plan for implementing Homeless Emergency Assistance and Rapid Transition to Housing maybe the family can get Permanent Supportive Housing.
nlchp.org What is HUD? A building in DC with a leaky roof? A federal housing agency? An old movie with Paul Newman? A group of people who don’t know how to define homelessness?
nlchp.org What is a CoC? Continuum of Care. Government agencies, nonprofit service providers, advocates, and homeless / formerly homeless persons working together to end homelessness in a local community, metro area, or larger rural area of a particular state. Should you be part of the CoC? Even if you’re not in Fargo – “You betcha.” You are the voice for the kids and families you work with! Don’t assume someone else is.
nlchp.org What does a CoC do? Plans for ending homelessness in your community, sets priorities for how your area’s homeless assistance funds will be spent, and picks agencies who will receive the $$$. Taking more responsibility for managing grant funds, meeting new outcome targets, and administering “broader” definition of homelessness. What gives the CoC authority? HEARTH!
nlchp.org Why do we care about HEARTH? Framework for how HUD’s homeless programs operate. New focus areas – more homelessness prevention and rapid re-housing, less emergency shelter; more permanent housing, less transitional housing. “Expansion” of homeless definition. All HUD funded homeless programs must do things for you and the kids you serve!
nlchp.org Concerns about HEARTH? HUD defines homelessness differently than US Department of Education. Potential for ¾ of ED “homeless” not to be considered HUD “homeless.” And even if “homeless”, eligible for what? Primarily those “doubled up” / in motels. Also burdensome documentation requirements.
nlchp.org Categories of “Homeless” Category 1 Literal Homelessness Individuals and families who live in a place not meant for human habitation (including the streets or in their car), emergency shelter, transitional housing, and hotels paid for by a government or charitable organization. Families paying for motels themselves not covered.
nlchp.org Categories of “Homeless” Category 2 Imminent Risk of Homelessness Individuals or families who will lose their primary nighttime residence within 14 days and have no other resources or support networks to obtain other permanent housing. Seems like this would cover doubled up families but burdensome documentation requirements mean that in most cases it will NOT. Also, only eligible for prevention $$$.
nlchp.org Categories of “Homeless” Category 3 Homeless Under Other Statutes Unaccompanied youth under 25 years of age, or families with children and youth, who do not meet any of the other categories but are homeless under other federal statutes, have not had a lease and have moved 2 or more times in the past 60 days and are likely to remain unstable due to special needs or barriers. Again, documentation is a huge barrier! Also, only eligible for prevention $$$.
nlchp.org Categories of “Homeless” Category 4 Fleeing Domestic Violence Individuals or families who are fleeing or attempting to flee domestic violence, dating violence, sexual assault, or stalking and who lack resources and support networks to obtain other permanent housing. Does cover more people here; use it!
nlchp.org What Can We Do? Homeless Children and Youth Act H.R. 5186 / S. 2653 www.helphomelesskidsnow.org Makes all ED “homeless” (and RHYA, VAWA, Head Start, child nutrition) eligible for HUD homeless programs and for a broader range of services. Eliminates documentation requirements to prove eligibility; simple referral form OK. Returns focus to community priorities.
nlchp.org CoC Requirements Continuum of Care applicant is required to demonstrate that it is collaborating with LEAs to assist in the identification of homeless families as well as informing these homeless families and youth of their eligibility for McKinney-Vento education services.
nlchp.org CoC Requirements Continuum of Care applicant is required to demonstrate that it is considering the educational needs of children when families are placed in emergency or transitional shelter and is, to the maximum extent practicable, placing families with children as close to possible to their school of origin so as not to disrupt their children’s education.
nlchp.org CoC Requirements Project applicants must demonstrate that their programs are establishing policies and practices that are consistent with, and do not restrict the exercise of rights provided by the education subtitle of the McKinney-Vento Act, and other laws relating to the provision of educational rights and related services to individuals and families experiencing homelessness.
nlchp.org CoC Requirements Project applicants must demonstrate that programs that provide housing or services to families are designating a staff person to ensure that children are enrolled in school and connected to the appropriate services within the community, including early childhood programs such as Head Start, Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Act, and McKinney-Vento education services.
nlchp.org Prevention / Rapid Re-Housing Payments to avoid eviction (rent arrears, utilities, etc.) Assistance with move in costs Temporary rent subsidies What next?
nlchp.org Emergency Shelter Shorter term Length of stay up to 120 days No fees Case management Support services Single site
nlchp.org Bridge Housing Provides temporary housing until a housing option is available Emergency shelter may serve as the “bridge” until a Section 8 voucher is assigned. A family might be moved from the streets to a hotel room until there is room in an ES.
nlchp.org Transitional Housing For families needing a longer- term intervention than ES Length of stay up to 2 years Case management Intensive support services Some single site, some scattered site HUD outcome: 65% exit to permanent housing Becoming disfavored!
nlchp.org Housing First A philosophy End the homelessness by moving them into housing first. Work on other issues that may jeopardize the stable housing while they are in housing. Support them in the housing. Services are voluntary.
nlchp.org Permanent Supportive Housing Typically funded by HUD McKinney-Vento Housing subsidies Program fees up to 30% of income Must have a documented disability Includes case management and ongoing support services No time limit
nlchp.org Affordable Housing Housing that a family is able to afford without exceeding 30% of their income No time limit No programs or support services Lease = Landlord Tenant Act applies
nlchp.org Subsidized Housing An option for low income families Makes market rate housing “affordable” for families at 30-80% AMI Typically subsidized by local or state tax credits Typically mixed income properties Must recertify annually; otherwise no time limit Lease = Landlord Tenant Act applies
nlchp.org Section 8 Housing HUD program with Public Housing Authorities Sex offenders and people with certain drug offenses are ineligible Other eligibility criteria determined by local PHAs No time limit Lease = Landlord Tenant Act applies Project-Based Subsidy remains with the unit Housing Choice Voucher Subsidy remains with the family Family can select unit (based on FMR and inspection)
nlchp.org Ask and You May Receive!?!? Go talk to PHA (Public Housing Authority)! Do you have any Section 8 or public housing? What about when units turn over? (Another secret – most people only keep Section 8 or public housing for a few years) Can we create a preference for homeless families? (They can if they want to!) Got any FUP (Family Unification Program) or VASH (Veterans Affairs Supported Housing)?
nlchp.org Protecting Tenants at Foreclosure Act PTFA is a federal law protects tenants in properties where owner was foreclosed on. After foreclosure, tenant does not have to move out right away. Tenant can stay until end of lease or minimum 90 days. Must be bona fide tenant (fancy way of saying someone paying fair market rent, and maybe not to family member).
nlchp.org PTFA May expire at end of 2014; your state may have a similar law. Find out at: http://www.nlchp.org/documents/Eviction_Without_Notice http://www.nlchp.org/documents/Eviction_Without_Notice
nlchp.org Takeaways Understanding of COC, programs it administers, and need to participate. Understanding of other housing resources for children, youth, and families we care about, and ideas for accessing them. Ability to speak housing – use terminology with confidence.
nlchp.org Contact Information Dave Mayo-Kiely Anchorage School District (907) 742-3832 Mayofirstname.lastname@example.org Jeremy Rosen National Law Center on Homelessness & Poverty (202) 638-2535 ext.210 email@example.com