Presentation on theme: "What Parents Need to Know About Bullying"— Presentation transcript:
1What Parents Need to Know About Bullying Parent WorkshopPresented by Gretchen Vassar, School Counselor
24 Corners Warm Up Activity Bullying can start in pre-school.There should be a family list of rules for proper etiquette guidelines for your child’s cyber communication with friends.Bullying/teasing isn’t serious, it’s simply a matter of “kids being kids.”In order to build awareness of our own opinions, values, beliefs, actions, etc…. We are going to do a brief activity.Strongly agreeAgreeDisagreeStrongly Disagree
3Bullying – Fact or Fiction? 1. Nearly one-third of American teens are involved in bullying.True: In a recent survey, 13% admit to bullying, 11% admit to being bullied, and 6% have been bullied and also bully others.2. Less than 10% of American teens admit to bullying others.False: See above3. Students who are bullied in school are usually attentive students with good attendance.False: Students targeted by bullies sometimes avoid school or have trouble concentrating. They sometime suffer from depression and anxiety.4. Most students who bully are insecure.False: Studies show that most bullies have confidence and high self-esteem.5. Contrary to stereotypes, male bullies are not usually bigger and physically stronger than their peers.False: Male bullies are usually bigger and stronger than their victims.6. Students who witness bullying often refuse to remain friends with the victim and feel guilty for not reporting the incident.True: Witnessing an act of bullying has negative consequences even if you are not directly involved.7. Bullies have trouble making friends.False: Bullies seem to make friends easily, particularly with other students who are aggressive and may join them in bullying.8. Bullies do poorly in school compared to others who do not bully.True: The problem behaviors associated with bullying include impulsiveness, disliking school and getting in trouble often.9. Most bullies discontinue violent or aggressive behavior in adulthood.False: 60% of bullies have at least one criminal conviction because the behavior carries over into adulthood.10. If you are being bullied it’s best to handle it alone.False: Putting an end to bullying requires a commitment from everyone in a school, including teachers, custodians, students, administrators, cafeteria workers and crossing guards. You should seek adult intervention and try to stay among friends if you are being bullied.Sources:
4As defined by state law SHB 1444 and ISD policy 3214 What is Bullying?Bullying is…As defined by state law SHB 1444 and ISD policy 3214An intentional written, verbal or physical act, including but not limited to one shown to be motivated by any characteristic such as race, color, religion, ancestry, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, mental or physical disability, or other distinguishing characteristics, when the intentional act:(a) Physically harms a student or damages his/her property;(b) Substantially interferes with the student’s education; or(c) Is so severe, persistent or pervasive that it creates anintimidating or threatening educational environment; or(d) Or substantially disrupts the orderly operation of a school
5Simply stated, bullying… Hurtful words or actionsDeliberateRepeatedly occursOccurs in a relationship in which there is an imbalance of power(May include face-to-face, subtle and indirect ways, texting, IMing, Facebook, exclusion, etc.)We as parents/educators need to be vigilant and proactive in helping our children understand conflict, confusing emotions, and how to be socially competent.Cyberbullying can be done anonymously, which makes it easier for one child to hurt another and not be help accountable or see the impact of his or her actions.Because this technology reaches wider audience than just the person who is targeted, its effects can be devastating.
63 Criteria for Bullying Incident: Intentional harm – this means the person “did it on purpose”Carried out repeatedly – it is not just a one time incident, it happens again and againRelationship where there is an imbalance of power – one person is “calling all the shots”
8The three types with examples Physical BullyingVerbal BullyingRelationship BullyingHitting, Kicking, or Pushing someoneStealing, Hiding or ruining someone's thingsMaking someone do something he or she doesn't want to doName callingTeasingInsultingRefusing to talk to someone/ ExcludingSpreading lies and rumors about someoneMaking someone feel left out or rejected/ ExcludingResearch shows that gender roles are making a difference in how we define bullying or mean behavior.Teasing is often part of growing up—almost every child experiences it. But is isn’t always as innocuous as it seems. Words can cause pain.Relational Aggression: lies, rumors, betrayal (breaking an agreement), exclusion, humiliation.With girls, bullying is often more subtle and indirect (covert)… insidious at times.Instead of snatching a toy from another child, a young girl might say, “Give me that toy or I won’t be your friend anymore.” Older girls can be mean without saying a word directly to the person: by telling other girls not to be friends with a particular girl, giving her the silent treatment, rolling their eyes in class, or making rude noises. Girls make hurtful remarks and then pretend they didn’t mean it by saying “just kidding”.Boys, on the other hand, tend to be more physical. Boys push each other or take someone’s things and put it somewhere else, but they typically don’t hold grudges.Gender may make a difference.
9Bullying is NOT… A normal childhood activity A rite of passage The target’s fault
10Differentiating Bullying from Normal Peer Conflict/Mean Behavior Normal conflict/mean behaviorEqual power or are friendsHappens occasionallyAccidentalNot seriousEqual emotional reactionNot seeking powerRemorse-will take responsibilityEffort to solve the problemTeasingBullyingImbalance of powerRepeated negative actionsIntentionalPhysical or emotional harmUnequal emotional reactionSeeking control/material thingsNo remorse-blames targetNo effort to solve the problemTeasing is a part of growing up. Kids poke fun at each other…it’s what they do.Our instinct as parents/educators may be to immediately stop the behavior and try to protect our children from it, but in fact, some teasing is critical to our children’s social development.Teasing is misunderstood because it is often confused with bullying, which has a strictly negative impact. Remember the intent is how we distinguish between the two. If kids joke about a child’s shoes, that’s different from focusing on something much harder to control, such as being overweight.Goal of teasing: create closer relationship/conncetionGoal of bullying: to harm (gain greater social status)A line between teasing and bullying blurs again when the child being teased doesn’t know how to respond. Everyone has a different set of boundaries and that’s confusing for children.Many times children don’t realize they are being a bully—we have to help our children. Children do not begin to understand empathy on their own most of the time. It is a skill that needs to be taught.
11The Roles of BullyingBully Behavior- Child exhibiting bullying behavior. Ex. Hitting, pushing, shoving, threatening, hurtful teasing, manipulating, spreading rumors, name calling, excluding, eye rolling, controlling, etc.Target/Victim- The target is the child who another child is exhibiting bully behavior toward. The victim is the child continually being bullied. Don’t let the target become the victim!Bystander- The person watching or seeing the bullying happen. Choosing to ignore the bullying is the same as supporting it.Wheel Transparency/HandoutAt one time every child will be the target of a bullying behavior. We need to teach them how to keep them from becoming victims.Show Roles of Bullying Handout/posterThe Bystander has the most power.
12The Target Who Has Become The Victim: Signs and Symptoms
13The Victim Signs and Symptoms Appears afraid or reluctant to go to school in the morning, complaining repeatedly of headaches or stomach aches.Chooses an “illogical” route for going to and from school.Bed wettingRefusing to participate in extra-curricular activities.Has bad dreams or cries in his sleep.Suddenly change the way he/she talks: “I’m a loser, or a former friend “is a jerk”.Appears sad or depressed, or shows unexpected mood shifts and sudden outbursts of temper.Seems socially isolated.Over or under eatingSome cases are extreme….unexpected mood shifts/ not wanting to go to school
15The Bully Signs and Symptoms Has a strong need to dominate and subdue others.Asserts himself, uses power and threats to get his own way.Intimidates his siblings or kids in the neighborhood.Brags about his actual or imagined superiority over other kids.Is hot tempered, easily angered, impulsive, and has low frustration tolerance.Has difficulty conforming to rules and tolerating advice.Oppositional, defiant, and aggressive behavior toward adults, teacher and parents.Gender can make a difference
16Bullying begins in the elementary school … Peaks in the middle school…Usually lessens in senior high. However, extreme cases occasionally can become more severe in senior high.
17What to do if you are a parent of “the victim”… The big question is: When and how do you intervene in a problem that your CHILD has?Say your child comes to you and says another child (with whom he’s grown up) in the neighborhood has been bothering him/teasing/embarrassing, etc.Be paitent!First, you have to stop your natural inclination to hate that other child. Ask yourself, is anyone going to be seriously hurt in the next 30 minutes? If yes, get moving. If no, sit still and think about how you are going to teach your child to treat themselves and others with dignity through this experience.In any way your child can, he/she needs to take the bad feeling in stomach and put them into words. Draw, journal, act it out--- whatever the most natural way for him/her.Next help her to think through when and where she should speak to the other child.It might not be the way you would handle something—but it is they way your child will develop social competency and from there, self esteem.You say, “I’m sorry, thank you for telling me, and together we will work on this.”Don’t make a promise that you won’t do anything. Tell them you will talk through a strategy with them.
18How to Help Your Child Listen to your child with your ears and eyes. Give your child space to talk.“I’m so sorry. That must be really painful.”Keep communication open.Help your child problem solve.Role playPractice techniquesGive your child lines that she/he can use.Remind your child that if they are a witness or a bystander, they are encouraging the behavior to continue.Get help by the teacher, counselor, or administrator if needed.If your child tells you her classmates called her ugly, don’t just jump in to reassure her that she’s beautiful. As soon as you do that, you’ve let her be victimized. Instead, listen to what she says, and then help her come up with a plan to address it the next time it happens.Remember self esteem building is huge!Do some investigating: If you want more information, don’t ask your child directly if he’s being teased. Instead ask a question that can be answered in the second or third person. How do kids joke around these days? Or what is teasing like for kids today?Open ended questions:Are there any cliques at school? What do you think about them?
19Strategies to Teach your Child Self TalkTeach your child to say to him/herself things like,“I can handle this”“ I can walk away”“This isn’t true”“I am a good person”I can handle this.
20Ignore Displays of anger or tears often invite more teasing. Teach your child to not look at the bully and walk away.Teach him/her to pretend that nothing has happened.If need be, say nothing and walk toward an adult.This strategy does not work with prolonged bullying.Hold the anger.It’s natural to get upset, but that’s what the teaser/bully is thriving on.Practice cool down startgies…. Wear a “poker face”Avoiding is not the same as running.Change the subject.
21Use I- MessagesThis allows your child to assertively and effectively express their feelings.I feel _____________(emotion)When ________________(action)Because ______________(reason)What you want to happen?I feel upsetWhen you make fun of my pants because it makes me feel sad.I would like you to stop!When you push me, I feel annoyed. Please stop.
22You’re funny looking. You have a lot of freckles. AgreeAgreeing with the bully is one of the easiest ways to handle an insult.This usually eliminates the feeling of wanting to hide or cry.Also no one can fight with someone who agrees with them.Thank You, You are right, I do have a lot of freckles.Ask questions! Do you really think…? Why? Really?You are so stupid.You mean I’ve been wasting all these years thinking I’m smart when I’m actually stupid. Thanks for wising me up.
23Give a Standard AnswerTeach your child statements to use ‘in the moment.’ This way when your child is caught off guard, he/she will have something to say.Try something like:“So.”“…And your point is?”“Thanks for your opinion.”Smile and shrug shoulders without making a comment at all.And your point is?
24Use ComplimentsUsing compliments may throw the bully off and he/she won’t know what to say.If your child is being teased about the way he runs …. Respond with … “ I agree, I can’t run as fast as you. You are a good runner.”You have a great way with words!You’re a real jerk.Why, thank you. What a kind thing to say.Oh! You have cooties.What a sweet thing to say. I didn’t know you liked me so much.I must be smarter than you “cause you’re in that class for dumb people”.That’s wonderful. The world needs all the smart people it can get.Your mother looks like a cow!I’m not surprised to hear that. She always has been a sylish woman.
25Use HumorLaughing can often turn a hurtful situation into a funny one.Someone says, “That is the ugliest jacket I’ve ever seen.”Response: “Thank You, my mom and I tried very hard to find the ugliest jacket. I’ll tell her we did it.”
26Ask For HelpAt times, seeking help from an adult is the only thing that can be done and should be done.Talk to your child about a safe person
27is trying to get someone is trying to get someone Tell An AdultTattlingis trying to get someoneintotrouble.Tellingis trying to get someoneout oftrouble.(or help them)
28Please Do Not … Confront the bully or the bully’s parents. Tell your child to “get in there and fight.”Blame your child. It’s not their fault.Promise to keep the bullying a secret.Calling another parent directly can be tricky unless he or she is a close friend. It’s easy to find yourself in a he said/she said argument. If you do contact the parent--- try to do it in person. Set the stage for a colloborative approach
29What to Do If Your Child is acting like the Bully…
30Teach your child to recognize and express emotions nonviolently or non-aggressively. One thing bullies and their victims have in common is ANGER. Bullies take their anger/jealousy etc out on their victims, and their victims feel angry because of the way the bullies treat them.Teach anger management strategies!
31Teach Conflict Resolution Teach your child how to use conflict management skills.Use things such as:Walk awayTalking it outExerciseCool DownCountingConflict Resolution:Calm down before talking.No put downs, name calling, hitting, or blamingPut yourself in others’ shoes.Admit your role in the conflict.State your feelings as well as the problem.Be fair and honest.Listen!
32Emphasize talking out the issue rather than fighting or saying hurtful remarks.
33Promote empathy.Point out the consequences for others that your child’s verbal and physical actions may have caused.Empathy and putting yourself in someone else’s shoes.That is a skill that is not fully developed until 2nd or 3rd grade.Ideas for promoting empathy: Ask your child how a character in a book or on a TV show is feeling. How would they feel if the same thing happened to them. Model empathy- Even though I’ve never been homeless, I can imagine it must be so hard to not have your own bed to sleep in. That is why we donate to homeless shelters and food banks.
34However, do hold your child accountable for his actions. Don’t put your child down. “Bullies” are intolerant of any insult to their self concept. They can not take criticism.However, do hold your child accountable for his actions.All children need support and positive recognition often.Self esteem develops when…We feel unique, special, valuable, and worthy.We are successful.We recognize our skills, talents, and abilities.We feel connected to others and have good relationships.We feel in control of our lives.Not everyone is going to like you and that’s okay.Accept yourself.Don’t compare yourself to others. Everyone is unique and special.Take pride on your efforts. Don’t focus only on outcomes.
35Model BehaviorRemember you are the model for your child as to the type of behavior you want him/her to exhibit. If you model bully-like behavior, they will too.
36Monitor Your ChildMonitor the type of television shows they watch. Also watch them at play. What do they choose to do with their “free play”.Acting things out with toys or puppets is a good way to get a child to express his or her emotions without being put “on the spot.”
37Assertive, Aggressive, Passive Expresses feelings, desires, beliefs, values, opinionsDoesn’t express feelings, desires, beliefs, values, opinionsSpeaks clearly, directly, honestlyUses power, force, threats, violence, other forms of abuseDoesn’t speak clearly, directly, honestlyRespects othersDoesn’t respect others; feels more important than anyoneRespects/disrespects others. Won’t intentionally hurt people, but won’t be honestDoesn’t violate others’ rightsViolates others’ rightsBenefits of being ASSERTIVE:More changes of getting what you wantEffective communicationIncreased self confidenceIncreased self esteemMore friendsLess conflictMore respect Better releationshipsLess stressLess anxiety
38Everyone deserves to be treated with dignity and respect!
39What BCPS Counselors Are Doing About Bullying Created by the Hereford Zone Counselors
40Bullying PreventionClassroom Guidance Lessons- identifying feelings, self-concept, friendship, I-Messages, conflict resolution, bullyingSmall Group CounselingPositive Behavior Incentives- written or oralPositive School Climate
41Responses to Bullying Get both sides of the story Involve AdministrationInvolve ParentsMake Teachers AwareFollow-up with bully and victim through individual or group counseling.
42Working Together to Prevent Bullying and Provide Support to Our Children Reinforce classroom guidance topics.Use everyday experiences to discuss conflict (ie: movies, TV, family outings, etc.)Building confidence and trust with your child.Communication with the school.
43Parent Resources Videos: Books: “The Odd Girl Out” Queen Bees & Wannabesby Rosalind WisemanThe Secret Lives of Boysby Malina SavalHot Issues Cool Choicesby Sandra McLeod HumphreyBullying in Schools: What you Need to Knowby Paul LanganHow to Handle Bullies, Teasers and Other Meaniesby Kate Cohen-Posey, M.S.Bullies are a Pain in the Brainby Trevor RomainThey Don’t Like Me: Lessons on Bullying and Teasing from a Preschool Classroom by Jane KatchCircle of Three by Elizabeth BrokampNobody Knew What to Do by Becky Ray McCainThe Bully, the Bullied and the Bystanderby Barbara ColorosoVideos:“The Odd Girl Out”“An American Girl: Chrissa Stands Strong”“Mean Girls”