Presentation on theme: "“Employers Often Ignore Office Affairs, Leaving Co-Workers in Difficult Spot” Most Ers look the other way when issues of morality arise around extramarital."— Presentation transcript:
1“Employers Often Ignore Office Affairs, Leaving Co-Workers in Difficult Spot” Most Ers look the other way when issues of morality arise around extramarital affairsBut co-workers don’t look the other way, may feel morally compromised if colleague expects them to be complicit in hiding affair from spouseWhat would you do?Some states ban discrimination on basis of marital status, so in those states if Er terminated married Ee for affair, but not an unmarried Ee, could be unlawful discriminationProportion of men admitting to ever having had an extramarital affair is 22%, same as ten years ago, cf. 15% of women, up from 10% previouslyMost of these affairs are taking place in workplaceSource: Wall Street Journal, 3/10/05
2Pros and cons of employee drug testing Figure 18.2Pros and cons of employee drug testingArguments Favoring Employee Drug TestingCooperates with U.S. “War on Drugs” campaignImproves employee productivityPromotes safety in the workplaceDecreases employee theft and absenteeismReduces health and insurance costsArguments Opposing Employee Drug TestingInvades an employee’s privacyViolates an employee’s right to due processMay be unrelated to job performanceMay be used as a method of employee discriminationLowers employee moraleConflicts with company values of honesty and trustMay yield unreliable test resultsIgnores effects of prescription drugs, alcohol, and over-the-counter drugsDrug use an insignificant problem for some companies
3“Is Your Grocery List Politically Correct?” “Fair Trade Certified” food products being embraced by some of biggest food marketersNow that “organic” is strictly defined and regulated by gov’t (USDA), alternative food producers looking for new ways to express difference in products“Morally pure marketing” partly an outgrowth of growing clamor about free trade and effects of globalization on third-world workersMainstream companies getting on boardMarket for Fair Trade Certified products three times larger (in sales volume) in Europe than in U.S.Part of move to cater to growing niche of shoppers willing to spend more money for products that let them feel they are acting in socially responsible fashion“LOHAS” consumers (“lifestyles of health and sustainability”)Estimated that nearly one-third of U.S. consumers qualify as LOHAS – significantly motivated in their purchases by concern for their health and the environment (at least according to Natural Marketing Institute)Source: Wall Street Journal, 2/17/04
4“Is Your Grocery List Politically Correct?” TERM: Fair Trade CertifiedWHAT IT IS: Indicates products comply with standards set by Transfair USA and the Fair Trade Labeling Organizations International.WHAT IT MEANS: Workers are guaranteed above commodity prices (e.g., coffee farmers $1.26/lb vs. $0.70); workers have right to organize; men/women receive equal wages; no child labor. Also indicates some environmental protections.WHAT IT DOESN'T MEAN: Doesn't mean that products that don't have the certification are unfair to workers or farmers.TERM: Fairly Traded WHAT IT IS: Unofficial, uncertified term.WHAT IT MEANS: Indicates that the company that made the products believes it was fair to the workers.WHAT IT DOESN'T MEAN: Because any company can call their products "fairly traded,” it doesn't necessarily mean anything.TERM: Rainforest Alliance Certified WHAT IT IS: A term licensed by Rainforest Alliance, a New York-based non-profit dedicated to protecting biodiversity.WHAT IT MEANS: Rainforest Alliance examined the farm or production site for environmental soundness and fairness to workers.WHAT IT DOESN'T MEAN: Doesn't guarantee that workers got more than minimum wage in their countries -- which is sometimes under $2 a day.
5“Is Your Grocery List Politically Correct?” TERM: Certified SustainableWHAT IT IS: Certification licensed by various nonprofits and is often used to indicate Rainforest Alliance Certified products.WHAT IT MEANS: Indicates that production aimed to protect the environment, treat workers well, and benefit the local community. WHAT IT DOESN'T MEAN: Doesn't guarantee one standard set of practices, because certifying organizations can define "sustainable” in different ways.TERM: SustainableWHAT IT IS: Unofficial, uncertified term.WHAT IT MEANS: Products are made in a way that is profitable, environmentally sound and beneficial for local communities.WHAT IT DOESN'T MEAN: Doesn't guarantee anything specific.