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Journeys on a Limping Mule What We Know About Bioreactors.

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Presentation on theme: "Journeys on a Limping Mule What We Know About Bioreactors."— Presentation transcript:

1 Journeys on a Limping Mule What We Know About Bioreactors

2 One who knows and knows that he knows... His horse of wisdom will reach the skies. One who knows, but doesn't know that he knows... He is fast asleep, so you should wake him up! One who doesn't know, but knows that he doesn't know... His limping mule will eventually get him home. One who doesn't know and doesn't know that he doesn't know... He will be eternally lost in his hopeless oblivion! Ibn Yamin Faryumadi ( )

3 KK UU UK KU UK KK

4 UKKU

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6 Why Bioreactors ?  Proven technology  Requires no modification of current practices  No land taken out of production  No decrease in drainage effectiveness  Very low maintenance  Estimated life - 10 to 15 years  Cost effective

7 Concentration of Nitrate-N (mg/L) Hydraulic Retention Time (mins) Corncob Mix data points Wood mix data points Corncob Mix fitted line Wood Mix fitted line CD=68% Removal Efficacy is a Function of Oxygen Saturation, Carbon Source and Retention Time

8 Hydraulic retention time (mins) 20c20c 50c50c 10 0 c 15 0 c 20 0 c 25 0 c Measured Points (2 o C) % Nitrate Remaining Concentration of Nitrate-N (mg/L) Removal Efficacy is a Function of Temperature

9 First Generation Bioreactors

10 Capacity Control Structure 5’ Soil Backfill Woodchips Trench bottom 1’ Below tile invert Section of perforated tile Length/width dependent on contributing area Diversion Structure Second Generation Bioreactors

11 Capacity control structure 5’ section of non-perforated tile Diversion structure Top View 5’ Soil backfill

12 Combination structure 5’ Soil backfill Non-perforated tile Perforated tile

13 60 minutes after injection 120 minutes after injection

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15 Dissolved MeHg in Bioreactor Inlets -Eight non-detects -Six samples contained detectable MeHg - Maximum: 0.16 ng/L - Maximum: 0.16 ng/L - Average:0.09 ng/L - Average:0.09 ng/L

16 Dissolved MeHg in Bioreactor Outlets

17 Capacity Control Structure 5’ Soil Backfill Woodchips Trench bottom at the tile invert level Length/width dependent on contributing area Diversion Structure Third Generation Bioreactors Section of perforated tile

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20 No nitrous oxide was released from the system

21 Phosphorus Removal Chamber Solid pipe Perforated pipe Plastic Liner

22 Site Drainage Area (acres) Bioreactor Area (square feet) Loading Density (acres/100 sq. feet) Decatur West De Land West Amenia Decatur East Bloomington North De Land North De Land East Mount Zion

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24 Chipometer

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31 Thank You! Richard Cooke Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering University of Illinois


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