Presentation on theme: "*If Decency Doesn’t, Law Should Make Us Samaritans*"— Presentation transcript:
1 *If Decency Doesn’t, Law Should Make Us Samaritans* Good Samaritans USA Are Afraid to Act
2 Extra Credit Opportunity If you got a 74 or below on your foreign words and phrases test, you can make up 10 of your missed questions by using the words in a sentence and turning it in to me by your next class.
3 Evaluating ArgumentsArgument- a series of statements designed to convince you of something.It is important to evaluate arguments based on credibility, or believability, of the author’s argument.
4 Steps to Evaluating an Argument 1. What is the claim or opinion?Read through the whole articleDetermine the claim, or their opinionClaim is often stated in form of a generalization, a broad statement covering many situationsEx of generalization: “Every eligible citizen should be required to vote”
5 Steps to Evaluating an Argument 2. What is the support?Logical Appeals use convincing reasons and evidence to appeal to a person’s logicReasons explain why the author holds the opinion, ex: “Citizens should be required to vote because only then will elected officials represent all the people.”Evidence is specific info that is used to back up a reason.Types of evidence: facts, statistics (number facts), examples, and quotes by expertsEmotional Appeals stir feelings, though are not necessarily fact based. Authors use emotional appeal because they know it might override reasonLoaded words-words with strong emotional connotations or associations)Anecdotes- brief stories or personal accounts of an event.
6 Steps to Evaluating an Argument 3. Is the evidence comprehensive?An author must provide sufficient evidence to back up generalizations and make arguments convincingAsk yourself whether or not the author has done his or her jobAre there more emotional appeals than relevant evidence
7 Steps to Evaluating an Argument 4. What is the author’s intent?Consider the author’s intentDo they hold a bias or have a prejudiced interestNote the tone-is it angry and irrational or calm and reasoned
8 VocabularyAllegations: in law, assertions, or positive statements, made without proofDepraved: immoralLiability: legal obligation or responsibility to make good a damage or lossRationalizations: seemingly reasonable excuses or explanations for one’s behavior—but not the real reasonsSolidarity: complete unity in a group or organization
9 Vocabulary Feigning: pretending Immunity: freedom from legal obligationConstrued: interpretedIndemnifies: in a legal sense, protectsCallous: unfeelingLitigious-quick to sue
10 Have you ever….Seen someone drop a book in the hall and passed them without helping?Seen someone upset or hurt and passed without helping?What if not helping meant you would get suspended?Would you agree or disagree with that rule?
11 Connecting to what we have read… In “And of Clay Are We Created” and “The Man in the Water,” Rolf Carle and the man in the water help others in situations of danger.These 2 articles discuss whether or not that help should be required by law.
12 Good Samaritan Law What is a good Samaritan? Someone who unselfishly helps someone in need. From the Bible parablePrincess Diana-Princess of Wales-Famous for her humanitarian work and fashion sense“The People’s Princess”Killed in Paris in 1997 in a highly publicized car wreck. Photographers were criticized for taking photos and not helping.
14 Should there be a Good Samaritan Law? Now turn to pg While we read, look for the writer’s argument and support.
15 Analyzing the arguments EvidenceEvidence2nd article Claim or opinion1st article Claim or opinionEvidenceEvidenceEvidenceEvidence
16 Analyze your bubble charts Label each reason as a logical or emotional appealIs the evidence comprehensive?Did the author do his job?Is there more evidence or emotional appeals?Who do you agree with and why?