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CELLULAR COMMUNICATIONS. LTE Data Rate Requirements And Targets to LTE  reduced delays, in terms of both connection establishment and transmission.

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Presentation on theme: "CELLULAR COMMUNICATIONS. LTE Data Rate Requirements And Targets to LTE  reduced delays, in terms of both connection establishment and transmission."— Presentation transcript:

1 CELLULAR COMMUNICATIONS

2 LTE

3 Data Rate

4 Requirements And Targets to LTE  reduced delays, in terms of both connection establishment and transmission latency;  increased user data rates;  increased cell-edge bit-rate, for uniformity of service provision;  reduced cost per bit, implying improved spectral efficiency;  greater flexibility of spectrum usage, in both new and pre- existing bands;  simplified network architecture;  seamless mobility, including between different radio-access technologies;  reasonable power consumption for the mobile terminal

5 Cell/User Throughput  Average cell throughput [bps/cell] and spectral efficiency [bps/Hz/cell].  Average user throughput [bps/user] and spectral efficiency [bps/Hz/user].  Cell-edge user throughput [bps/user] and spectral efficiency [bps/Hz/user].  The metric used for this assessment is the 5-percentile user throughput, obtained from the cumulative distribution function of the user throughput.

6 Key Performance Requirements

7

8 Multiple Antenna Technology  Diversity gain. Use of the space-diversity provided by the multiple antennas to improve the robustness of the transmission against multipath fading.  Array gain. Concentration of energy in one or more given directions via precoding or beamforming. This also allows multiple users located in different directions to be served simultaneously (so-called multi-user MIMO).  Spatial multiplexing gain. Transmission of multiple signal streams to a single user on multiple spatial layers created by combinations of the available antennas.

9 MIMO

10 Packet-Switched Radio Interface  Completely Packet Oriented Systems

11 LTE User Equipment

12 Network

13 The Access Network

14 Bearers  Minimum Guaranteed Bit Rate (GBR) bearers which can be used for applications such as VoIP.  have an associated GBR value for which dedicated transmission resources are permanently allocated  Non-GBR bearers which do not guarantee any particular bit rate.  web browsing or FTP transfer.  bandwidth resources are allocated permanently to the bearer.

15 QoS

16 Handover

17 Lossless Handover

18 Logical and Physical Channel

19 Discontinuous Reception(DRX)  Reduce time in a reception mode in order to save battery

20 Logical Channel Priority

21 OFDM

22

23 Peak-To-Average Power Ratio  PAPR  Power amplifiers that are linear at wide range of inputs are costly  Handset: Reduce PAPR

24 OFDMA

25 OFDMA/TDMA

26 Physical Layer

27 Channel Estimation  Transmission distort the signal and add noise  If transmitted signal is known, can estimate distortion and apply inverse transformation on other signals  Reference signal

28 Reference Signal

29 Two antennas

30 Link Adaptation

31 Channel Quality Indicator

32 Multiple Antenna

33

34 Optimal Power Allocation

35 Multi-User Scheduling

36 Resource Scheduler

37 Partial Frequency Reuse

38

39 Handover

40 40 Evolution of the Radio Interface EDGE EDGE+ W-CDMA HSPA HSPA LTE LTE-Advanced Kb/s 1Mb/s 384Kb/s 42Mb/s18Mb/s 100Mb/s 1000Mb/s Standards availability


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