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Assignment 1. Shell It is called a "shell" because it hides the details of the underlying OS behind the shell's interface. In the Unix operating system.

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Presentation on theme: "Assignment 1. Shell It is called a "shell" because it hides the details of the underlying OS behind the shell's interface. In the Unix operating system."— Presentation transcript:

1 Assignment 1

2 Shell It is called a "shell" because it hides the details of the underlying OS behind the shell's interface. In the Unix operating system users can select which shell they want to use. Example – Bourne Shell, C Shell etc. Programming with shell – A shell script is a file that contains commands to be executed by the shell.

3 Shell Programming LogIn : Log in to any Linux machine of CS213 using PuTTy. Your program SHOULD RUN on any of those machines. Eg: Text Editor : ‘VI EDITOR’ Open a file : vim Run a file : sh (no need for execute permission) chmod u+x filename (add execute permission) filename

4 Basic Shell Programming #![path to shell you want to use] eg. #!/bin/sh: current script should be run by the Bourne shell #: begins a comment Variables: Assignment: variablename=5 (no space between) Usage: $variablename Reading from the keyboard read variablename

5 Basic Shell Programming Pipe: | eg. program 1 | program2 (send output of 1 to 2) Redirection: > : redirect standard output eg. program1 > file1 (put output of program1 to file1) >>: appends standard output < : redirect standard input

6 Basic Shell Programming Reading from a file: cat filename | while read variablename do … done while read variablename do … done < /directory/filename

7 Useful commands in shell ls: display all file and directory names. Just like dir command in MS-dos. mkdir: help to create the directory cd: helps to change directory pwd: helps to display current path chmod: change mode of permission echo: display the message date: display the current date who: output the currently logged in users’ info

8 Useful commands in shell ps: reports a snapshot of current process, give details of all the user touch: update the access and modification times of each file to current time grep: searches the named input files (or standard input if no files are named) for lines containing a match to the given pattern eg. grep aa file1 cat: create, append new data and display the contain of a file

9 Useful commands in shell read: take input through keyboard cmp: compares files byte by byte cut: slice a file vertically, is used to output a column of data eg. cat file1 | cut –f1 –d‘||’ awk: search for and process patterns in a file. When awk reads in a line, the first field can be referred to as “$1”, the second “$2”. The whole line is “$0” eg. cat file1 | awk ‘{print $1}’

10 Logic of the Assignment 1 Read the option that the user wants to go with – 1 for printing ancestry tree of the shell script you are running 2 for printing online usernames 3 for printing what process any user is running a separate option for quitting the program. Execute the option that is chosen by the user Example run: Better to use “case” for the menu

11 Case Statement Syntax: case$variableName in pattern1) command ;; pattern2) command ;; *) command ;; esac

12 Part 1 Print the ancestry tree of the currently running process (i.e. your shell script). Print is like a tree | 3464 | 2990 | 509 | 1

13 Hints: Find out, store and print the current process ID and its parent process ID. You can use ps –ef (-ef for standard syntax), and awk to print the required field - procees ID, program name (optional). Store all the process details (output of ps) in a file (say file1) In an iterative loop, check if the PID field of any entry matches the parent ID. If so, print the PPID field of that entry, and continue the same search with this PPID until reach init()

14 Hints: currentProcessID=previous parentProcessID While ( currentProcessID NOT equal to 1 ) If (currentProcessID IS equal to ProcessID) in file1 Print parentProcessID field of that entry from file1 currentProcessID  parentProcessID End If End while

15 Useful syntax using awk: awk ‘{if(condition) statement}’ currentProcessID=$(awk ‘{if(currentID field matches ProcessID)print;}’ file1 | print parentProcessID field)

16 Part 2 Figure out which users are online (print only username) Hints: only one command (who command in conjunction with the cut command)

17 Part 3 Figure out what processes any user is running (Print Process details, not only name or ID)

18 Hints: Update the access and modification times of each file using touch command(optional) Read and print the entire userlist Prompt to select one particular user and read the selected user

19 Read and print entire userlist Read who is online (who command) While (read the users online) var  assign the current user either print the var directly or write var in file1….the 2 nd option is preferred. End of while Print file1 (in case you have saved it in file1)

20 Get the list of currently online user who | while read onlineuser do echo $onlineuser | cut –f1 –d‘ ’ >>userlist done

21 Print numbered list of online users index=1 while read onlineuser do print “$index-$onlineuser” Like before, save $index $onlineuser in a new file Increase index by 1 done < userlist

22 Select to see particular user Remove userlist Read numbered user from newfile and select one user using input 1 or 2 or … desireduser=$(open newfile | pattern match with $choice | cut the 2 nd field as o/p) Get the process details of desired user ps –ef | grep $desireduser (you will get extra processes) ps -ef | while read process do compare username Remove newfile

23 Notes: When you execute the program, don’t forget to script your session in a file called mySession1. Use the command: script mySession1. This will store your sample run in the file mySession1. After run, don’t forget to exit, which will save and commit this sample file. Submit this file along with your solution in dropbox.

24 CS284 Program Submission Follow instructions on the class website:

25 Any Questions?

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