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Hope you enjoy Mashhad is the second largest city in Iran. It is located 850 kilometres (530 mi) east of Tehran, at the center of the Razavi Khorasan.

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Presentation on theme: "Hope you enjoy Mashhad is the second largest city in Iran. It is located 850 kilometres (530 mi) east of Tehran, at the center of the Razavi Khorasan."— Presentation transcript:


2 Hope you enjoy

3 Mashhad is the second largest city in Iran. It is located 850 kilometres (530 mi) east of Tehran, at the center of the Razavi Khorasan Province close to the borders of Afghanistan and Turkmenistan. Its population was 2,427,316 at the 2006 population census. It was a major oasis along the ancient Silk Road connecting with Merv in the East. Mashhad is the hometown of some of the most significant Iranian literary figures and artists such as Mehdi Akhavan Sales, the famous contemporary poet and Mohammad-Reza Shajarian, the traditional Iranian singer and composer. Mashhad is also known as the city of Ferdowsi, the Iranian poet of Shahnameh, which is considered to be the national epic of Iran. Ferdowsi and Akhavan Sales are both buried in Tus, an ancient city that is considered to be the main origin of the current city of Mashhad.

4 * At the beginning of the 9th century Mashhad was a small village called Sanabad situated 24 km away from Tus. There was a summer palace of "Hamid ibn Qahtabi", the governor of Khorasan. In 808 when Harun al-Rashid, Abbasid caliph, was passing through there to settle down the insurrection of "Rafi ibn Leith" in Transoxania, he became ill and died. He was buried under the palace of Hamid ibn Qahtabi. Several years later in 818 Imam Ali al-Reza was martyred by Al-Ma'mun and was buried beside the grave of Harun. * After this event this place was called as Mashhad al-Rida (the place of martyrdom of Ali al-Rida). Shias started visiting there for pilgrimage of his grave. By the end of the 9th century a dome was built on the grave and many buildings and Bazaars sprang up around it. During more than a millennium it has been devastated and reconstructed several times.

5 * Mashhad is connected to three major rail lines: Tehran-Mashhad, Mashhad- Bafgh (running south), and Mashhad- Sarakhs at the border with Turkmenistan. Some freight trains continue from Sarakhs towards Uzbekistan and to Kazakhstan, but have to change bogies because of the difference in Rail gauge. A rail line is being constructed off the Mashhad- Bafgh line to connect Mashhad to Herat in Afghanistan, but has not yet been completed and one is planned to connect to the Gorgan railhead and the port of Bandar Torkaman on the Caspian Sea to the west.

6 The Mashhad Urban Railway Corporation (MURCO) is constructing a metro system for the city of Mashhad which includes four lines with 77 km length. The first phase (line) of the metro has been exploited in 21 Feb 2011 with 19 km length and 22 stations and will be connected to Mashhad International Airport. The second line with 14 km length and 12 stations is under construction and is projected to be finished by 2014.

7 The name Mashhad means the place of martyrdom the place where Imam Reza - the eighth Imam of Shia Muslims - martyred and so his shrine is placed there.

8 * On June 20, 1994, an explosion from a bomb occurred in a prayer hall of the shrine of the Imam RezaThe bomb that killed at least 25 people on June 20 in Mashhad exploded at Ashura Ramzi Yousef, one of the main perpetrators of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, was found to be behind the plot. However, official state media blamed Mehdi Nahvi, a supposed member of the People's Mujahedin of Iran in order to prevent sectarian violence.




12 About 30 years ago there was a man named malek, he had a garden named malek too, also now in mashhad there’s a street named malek abad.

13 Mashhad features a steppe climate with hot summers and cool winters. The city only sees about 250 mm of precipitation per year, some of which occasionally falls in the form of snow. Mashhad also has wetter and drier periods with the bulk of the annual precipitation falling between the months of December and May. Summers are typically hot and dry, with high temperatures sometimes exceeding 35 °C (95 °F). Winters are typically cool to cold and somewhat damper, with overnight lows routinely dropping below freezing. Mashhad enjoys on average just under 2900 hours of sunshine per year.

14 1.Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM) 2. Mashhad University of Medical Sciences 3. Islamic Azad University of Mashhad 4. Mashhad Institute Of Technology(MIT ) 5. Payame Noor University of Mashhad 6.Sadjad Institute of Higher Education 7.Khayyam University of Mashhad 8.Imam Reza University 9.Razavi University of Islamic Sciences 1.Salman Institute of Higher Education 1. Iranian Academic Center for Education, Culture and Research, Mashhad Branch Jahad Daneshgahi of Mashhad) 1. Khavaran Institute of Higher Education 2. Toos Institute of Higher Education 3. Shahid Beheshti Teacher Training College 4. Shahid Khorshidi Teacher training College 5. Asrar Institute of Higher Education 6. Samen Institute of Higher Education 7. Khayyam Institute of Higher Education 8. Alzahra Girls Technical College of Mashhad 9. Bahar Institute of Higher Education 10. Binalood Institute of Higher Education 11. Eqbal Lahoori Institute of Higher Education 12. Institute of Applied and Practical Sciences, Khorasan Razavi

15 * Sports figures 1. Heshmat Mohajerani, born January, 1936 in Mashhad, Iran; Iranian football coach, manager, and former player 2. Khodadad Azizi, born June 22, 1971 in Mashhad, Iran; retired professional football striker 3. Alireza Vahedi Nikbakht, born June 30, 1980 in Mashhad; Iranian professional football player 4.Hossein Badamaki, Iranian professional football player 5.Mohammad Mansouri, Iranian professional football player 6.Reza Enayati, Iranian professional football player 7.Reza Ghoochannejhad, Iranian-Dutch professional football player 8.Kia Zolgharnain, Iranian-American former Futsaler/Indoor soccer player 9.Mohsen Ghahramani, Iranain football refree

16 1) say two colleges and universities that is in mashad. 2) What is the name mashhad means ? 3) Mashhad is connected to three major rail lines:------ ---- and -----------------and ---------------. 4) who is malek ?

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