Presentation on theme: "ASKING ABOUT PRICES AND CHANGE. Lesson B : Grammar 1. “How much” and “how many” a) How much 1) We use “how much” with uncountable noun and before quantity."— Presentation transcript:
ASKING ABOUT PRICES AND CHANGE
Lesson B : Grammar 1. “How much” and “how many” a) How much 1) We use “how much” with uncountable noun and before quantity words. 2) We use “how much” to talk about prices.
Lesson B : Grammar How much is this book? How much coffee do you drink? How much paper is in the photocopier? How much does that jacket cost? How much do you weigh? How much gasoline did you put in the tank?
We use “how many” with plural nouns and before quantity words. 2.1)- How many + helping verb + noun - How many cups of coffee do you drink a day? - How many Euros have you got? - How many newspapers do you read a day? 2.2) How many + plural noun + helping verb Lesson B : Grammar 2. How many
- What’s the cost of ____________ to Sydney? - What’s the price of ____________? Examples : - What’s the cost of a call to Sydney? - What’s the price of a ticket to Chiang Mai? Lesson B : Grammar 3. We can also use other questions to ask about the price instead of ‘how much’
Money amount and words for things we can’t count take a singular verb. We use is with an uncountable noun or singular noun. Here is a twenty – dollar note. Here is some change. Is there any money left? How much is your salary? Lesson B : Grammar 4. Using is and are with money amounts
Coins, bills or words for things we can count take a plural verb. We use are with plural nouns (plural verb) Here are five one-hundred notes. Here are ten one-bath coins. There are twenty books in the drawer? There are some pens in the box. Lesson B : Grammar 4. Using is and are with money amounts
Note. In Thai currency, we don’t add ‘s’ at the end of ‘baht’ or ‘satang’. This is because in Thai language we have no ‘s’. Lesson B : Grammar 4. Using is and are with money amounts
1. How ______ money do I have to pay? 2. How ______ coffee is left in stock? 3. How ______ mangoes are there in the fridge? 4. How ______ people live in your apartment? 5. How ______ does this body lotion cost? much many much many much
6. How ______ petrol do you want? 7. How ______ students are there in the class? 8. How ______ native speakers do you have? 9. How ______ eggs do you want for breakfast? 10. How ______ rice is there in the kitchen? much many much many much
1.Here _______ two 10-baht coins. 2.Here _______ ten one-thousand notes. 3.There _______ £100 in the box. 4.There _______ ten five-dollar bills in the cash register. 5.There _______ 100 cents. 6.This ______ a 50-baht note. are is are is
7. There is ______ some money on the drawer 8. There ______ no money left in my drawer. 9. ______ there enough time to have some tea. 10. ______ there any biscuits left? 11. Here ______ sugar you asked for. 12. How many pens ______ there in stock? are is Is Are is
If you don’t understand the headline, read the first sentence in the lead. This is because the main idea in the headline must be repeated in more details in the first paragraph (known as the lead) Lesson C : Reading How to read the headline Remember Expiration Date: 00/00/00 Usually the subject and verb in the headline will be the same as in the lead. The style of writing usually means that the writer uses the verb in the headline and then he will use that verb again in the lead, or may use another verb but both verbs must have the same meaning.
Lesson C : Reading How to read the headline Example 2 will find the verb “rise” in the headline and you find the same verb in the lead. Bankruptcies rise to record High in September Personal bankruptcies in Hong Kong rose further in September from a year earlier, despite signs emerging that the economy was rebounding, government figures showed yesterday. Bankruptcies rise to record High in September Personal bankruptcies in Hong Kong rose further in September from a year earlier, despite signs emerging that the economy was rebounding, government figures showed yesterday.
Lesson C : Reading How to read the headline Example 1 Swiss Life restates results Swiss life restated it first – half 2002 results to show a net loss of 578 million Swiss frances (Bt16.4 billion) – SFr192 million wider than first reported – after discovering it had miscalculated bond values, it said yesterday. Swiss Life restates results Swiss life restated it first – half 2002 results to show a net loss of 578 million Swiss frances (Bt16.4 billion) – SFr192 million wider than first reported – after discovering it had miscalculated bond values, it said yesterday. From example 1 you will find “restates” in the headline and also you will find it in the first sentence of the lead. You will understand better from more details given in the first paragraph (the lead)
Lesson C : Reading How to read the headline Example 3 You can find “warning” in the headline and “ warned” in the lead. Warning on selling fireworks Bangkok’s Pom Prab district office has warned shopkeepers in the area against storing and selling fireworks without a license. Warning on selling fireworks Bangkok’s Pom Prab district office has warned shopkeepers in the area against storing and selling fireworks without a license.
ZEBRA MAKER EYES 10% SALES GROWTH THE NATION Satien Stainless Steel Public Company Limited, the maker of Zebra brand kitchenware, this year targets 5- to 10-per-cent growth in sales from last year’s Bt1.7 billion. It saw business growth of more than 14 percent in the first quarter. The company has also expanded its sales channels in the both domestic and overseas markets to cater to growth in the Asean market. Last year, it deployed the Z-robot to enhance its production process at its plant in Rayong, boosting production capacity there by 20 percent. The movie is part of the continued modernization of its production process, using cutting edge technology. The Z-robot is used to move heavy products and can reduce the rate of accidents on the production line. Its performance helps the company control its production quality. Currently, the company has a production capacity for kitchenware of 7,500 tonnes per year. Its products range from kitchenware to tableware and electrical appliances, said Ekachai Youngvanich, vice-CEO. (From The Nation, Friday, May )
1. What is the main idea of the news? a. Satien Stainless Steel Public Company limited its target this year to 5 percent. b. The maker of Zebra brand produced kitchenware up to 10 percent. c. Satient Stainless Steel Public Company Limited saw business growth 14 percent. d. Zebra maker targets 10 percent sales growth this year.
2.Which is true about the business growth in the first quarter? a. 5 percent b. 10 percent c. More than 14 percent d. All are incorrect
3.What strategy does the company use to expand its sales? It has expanded the sales channels in __________________. a. domestic markets b. overseas markets c. both domestics and overseas markets d. the Asian market
4. How could the company increase production capacity by 20 percent last year? a.It used incentives b. It used the Z-robot c. It had found the effective process d. It tried to reduce the rate of accidents
5. What is the advantage of using the Z- robot? a. To enhance its production process b. Boosting production capacity by 20% c. To move heavy products and reduce the sale of accidents on the product line d. All are correct
6. What products are produced under Zebra brands? a. Kitchenware b. Tableware c. Electrical appliances d. All are correct
7. What does the word “deployed” (line 9) refer to ? a. took b.utilized c.spent d. prepared
8. What is the meaning of ‘capacity’ ? a. fitness b. potential c. competency d. all are correct
9 Which is not a product in the product line ? a. Tableware b. Kitchen ware c. Audio visual d. Electrical appliance
10. Which is the most produced product in the company production line ? a. Tableware b. Kitchen ware c. Electrical appliance d. Kitchen furniture