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Book p.30 “I love the ocean. I want to be a diver when I, grow up,” said Bob. “Here’s an article about oceans, ”said Jack.

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Presentation on theme: "Book p.30 “I love the ocean. I want to be a diver when I, grow up,” said Bob. “Here’s an article about oceans, ”said Jack."— Presentation transcript:


2 Book p.30

3 “I love the ocean. I want to be a diver when I, grow up,” said Bob. “Here’s an article about oceans, ”said Jack.

4 Book p.30 Oceans Oceans make up nearly three-quarters of the earth’s surface. There are five oceans in all – the Pacific Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Antarctic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean.

5 Book p.31 There are all kinds of life forms in the oceans. Some examples are giant squid and seahorses. Some plants are so small that you would need a microscope to see them. There are also huge animals like the blue whale, the largest mammal in the world. Scientists divide the oceans into four layers to study. Most ocean life forms are found in the Sunlight Zone. The second layer, the Twilight Zone, is colder and darker than the Sunlight Zone. Fewer plants and animals are found here. The Midnight Zone is below the Twilight Zone. Sunlight does not reach this layer and there is very little plant or animal life.

6 Book p.31 Sunlight Zone Twilight Zone Midnight Zone Abyss and trenches The layers of the ocean

7 Book p.31 The abyss and trenches are found in the deepest layer. The deepest sea trench is the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean. It is more than metres below the surface of the ocean! Scientists have learnt much about the oceans. There are, however, many mysteries still waiting to be explained.

8 Book p.32 “This information report contains a lot of interesting facts. How can I understand it better?” asked Bob. “Well, you can look for the main idea in each in each paragraph,” Jack explained. Read the first paragraph slowly and carefully.

9 The first sentence contains the main idea of the paragraph. Ocean make up nearly three- quarters of the earth’s surface. There are five oceans in all –the Pacific Ocean, the Antarctic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean. Book p.32 The other sentence in the paragraph provides more information about the main idea.

10 Book p.33 The tiny fish are fleeing from the big fish that is chasing them. Bob’s class is watching a documentary film about ocean creatures.

11 Book p.33 This starfish is crawling along the ocean floor where there is food.

12 These are the turtles which lay their eggs at the same beach every year.

13 Book p.33 My partner is the boy whose father is a deep-sea diver. The people who made this documentary are great!

14 Book p.34 The crabs are moving quickly. The octopus is gripping its prey tightly. The stingrays are dancing gracefully in the water. The class observes some sea creatures

15 Book p.34 The prawns are moving about beautifully. The shark attacks suddenly. The cuttlefish cleverly changes the colour of its body to protect itself.

16 Book p.36 Angelfish, archerfish Butterfly fish, Crabs and clams, Dolphins and deep-sea Eels, Flying fish, Great white sharks and giant squid, Herring, halibut, Immense schools of barracuda, Jellyfish, Krill, Lanternfish, lobsters, Mackerel and manatees, Narwhal, The A to Z of Ocean Life Octopuses and Orca whales, Prawns, porpoises and all kinds of Queer fish, quick fish, slow fish, Rays, Seaweeds, seahorses, sea slugs, sponges, Tuna, turtles and Unusual things like Viper fish and Whelks – they all live in the oceans. eXamine ocean life and You will find creatures that are Zany, colourful, beautiful, ugly and absolutely amazing!

17 Book p.38 Let’s write an information report on blue whales for our classmates! An information report provides facts and descriptions about a topic. Here are some features of an information report: the title tells us what the report is about the first sentence is usually a general statement that introduces the topic each paragraph is made up of a main idea and supporting details photographs labelled with captions make the information clearer the last sentence is usually a general statement that ends the report

18 Book p.38 Here are the question Jack and Tim camp up with to help them find information for their report. Blue whale Appearance or features: What do they look like? Their eating habits: What do blue whales eat? How they have young and look after them: How do they have young? How do they feed their young? Other special information about blue whales: Why do blue whales sing? Who or what is a danger to blue whales? Habitat or place where they live : Where do they live?

19 Book p.40 Skimming We skim or look through a book or an article quickly to decide if it has the information we are looking for. We can also skim to revise or review a text after we have read it. Tim found many books and brochures that he thought might give him information about corals. So many! Which ones will have the most useful information? Let’s read the titles first. Hmm… this one says All You Need to Know About Corals. It must have useful information.

20 Book p.40 To skim: read the title and the headings read the first paragraph and the first sentence of other paragraphs look for key words read the last paragraph Tim looked at the Contents pages if the books he had chosen. This helped him identify the most useful parts of each book.

21 Book p.42 ea sea eat creature leap feature ee flee deep breed feed eel ie chief field piece yield believe

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