Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Usage of Satellite Precipitation Estimates by HAS Forecasters at the West Gulf RFC Usage of Satellite Precipitation Estimates by HAS Forecasters at the.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Usage of Satellite Precipitation Estimates by HAS Forecasters at the West Gulf RFC Usage of Satellite Precipitation Estimates by HAS Forecasters at the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Usage of Satellite Precipitation Estimates by HAS Forecasters at the West Gulf RFC Usage of Satellite Precipitation Estimates by HAS Forecasters at the West Gulf RFC Greg Story NWS/WGRFC HAS Forecaster 1

2 Introduction The WGRFC needs accurate mean areal precipitation in real time to make good flood forecasts. The WGRFC uses the Multisensor Precipitation Estimator (MPE) program to derive mean areal precipitation 2

3 Introduction (cont.) Problem: On the map on the left, we are responsible for deriving basin averaged areal precipitation for every location inside the red outline. As you can see, this is outside the range of the WSR-88D, and there are roughly 15 real-time rain gauges over this region. 3

4 Introduction (cont.) Problem: The HAS forecasters at the WGRFC must arrive at a 24 hour rainfall estimate for Mexican basins every day. 4

5 Satellite QPE is used where there is no dependable radar estimates or rain gauge data 5

6 Introduction (cont.) The primary source of rainfall for this region is the satellite precipitation estimates (the hydroestimator) from NESDIS. Problem: It is difficult to determine how accurate these estimates are! Raw radar estimate from MPE program 6

7 Incorporating Satellite Estimates Multi-sensor Mosaic Multi-sensor Mosaic and Satellite Estimates 7

8 Satellite Precipitation Estimates The WGRFC uses the Hydro- Estimator, which is NESDIS’ operational algorithm for estimating rainfall rate from infrared (IR) window. Estimates arrive via AWIPS and can be used in MPE (with or without local biasing). 8

9 Satellite Precipitation Estimates IR Satellite ImageSPE from Hydroestimator 9

10 In MPE we use a polygon edit to replace the default field with any other field (like SPE) 10

11 We can insert Satellite QPE using polygons and it becomes our “best estimate field” there 11

12 There are times when the SPE’s are not good Note the wave affects of the SPE’s 12

13 Lack of SPE’s when there are lightning strikes Note the lightning over northeast New Mexico 13

14 Lack of SPE’s when there are lightning strikes The lightning and associated precipitation is in a location of poor radar coverage 14

15 Lack of SPE’s when there are lightning strikes The associated precipitation on the hydro- estimator is blank where the lightning was noted 15

16 A Case Study A flood of record occurred on the Rio Grande at Presidio, Texas in September, The flood waters started in Mexico and moved downstream to points including Big Bend National Park. 16

17 What set the Stage for Rio Grande Flooding? First, there was hurricane Dolly which dissipated near Presidio July 24,

18 What set the Stage for Rio Grande Flooding? Rainfall ending 12Z 26 July

19 What set the Stage for Rio Grande Flooding? Rainfall for July

20 What set the Stage for Rio Grande Flooding? Next came rain from tropical storm Julio from the Pacific in late August. 20

21 What set the Stage for Rio Grande Flooding? Rainfall ending 12Z 31 August

22 What set the Stage for Rio Grande Flooding? Rainfall for August

23 What set the Stage for Rio Grande Flooding? Lastly, as Lake Luis Leon was starting to discharge, came rain from tropical storm Lowell from the Pacific in September. 23

24 What set the Stage for Rio Grande Flooding? Rainfall ending 12Z 12 September

25 What set the Stage for Rio Grande Flooding? Rainfall for September

26 The End Result Using satellite precipitation estimates in the MPE software, we estimated between 5 and 12 inches of rain for the 30 day period ending on 17 September

27 Problem: Due to data constraints, we didn’t know what affect the rain was having! Lake Luis Leon in mid September 27

28 Discharge from Lake Luis Leon 28

29 The Flood Wave hit Presidio Texas and Ojinaga Mexico producing the flood of record 29

30 1. The WGRFC HAS forecasters still don’t know exactly how much rain fell over Mexico. Only 15 rain gauges exist over that part of Mexico. 2. We look forward to the government of Mexico’s addition of new radars (by 2014). 3. Best solution would be for improved satellite- based precipitation estimates. Could lightning data assist this effort? Lessons Learned 30

31 Satellite Precipitation Estimates will likely remain the primary source of QPE over most of the Rio Conchos basin near Chihuahua and most of the Rio Grande tributaries in Mexico. We need to work more closely with the NESDIS meteorologists who are refining and working to improve satellite QPE. Satellite QPE can also supplement hourly precipitation estimates in other locations where radar QPE is limited (far Southwest Texas, Southern Colorado and New Mexico) Conclusion 31

32 Acknowledgements Billy Finn, Chief, Water Accounting Division, U.S. International Boundary & Water Commission, El Paso TX Lora Mueller, Hydrologic Focal Point, NWS WFO Midland TX (now with the NWS Headquarters) Jason Johnson, Senior Service Hydrologist, NWS WFO San Angelo TX Cary Carman, USGS, San Angelo TX NPS, Big Bend National Park TX Sheldon Kusselson, NESDIS, College Park MD. Fellow staff members of WGRFC 32

33 Questions or Comments? MPE Precipitation products are available on the web from the WGRFC: 33


Download ppt "Usage of Satellite Precipitation Estimates by HAS Forecasters at the West Gulf RFC Usage of Satellite Precipitation Estimates by HAS Forecasters at the."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google