Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Stimuli—Orthopedic Anatomical Terminology. Anterior- in front of; ventral Anterior PosteriorPosterior PosteriorPosterior.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Stimuli—Orthopedic Anatomical Terminology. Anterior- in front of; ventral Anterior PosteriorPosterior PosteriorPosterior."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stimuli—Orthopedic Anatomical Terminology

2 Anterior- in front of; ventral Anterior PosteriorPosterior PosteriorPosterior

3 Apophyses- a bony process or outgrowth that lacks an independent center of ossification like an epiphysis. Ischial tuberosity Ileac crest Greater trochanter Tibial tuberosity Base of 5 th metarsal

4 Base- the lower part or bottom of an object There is a Fx at the base of the 4 th toe, proximal phalanx There is a Fx at the base of the proximal phalanx of the index finger, MTP jt.

5 Caudal- situated or oriented toward the tail end of an organism Caudal Cephalad Cephalad- situated or oriented toward the head end of an organism or body part. There is a wedge compression Fx of the T 7 vertebra. In addition, there are a 2 nd and 3 rd more caudal, L1 and L2 compression fractures.

6 Contralateral- on the opposite side There is a L hip fx contralateral to the R femur fx

7 Coronal- a plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts The metal Foreign body (coin) is lying parallel to the coronal plane in an esophageal location at the T8 level.

8 Distal- situated away from the center of the body A distal fibula Fx 5 th toe, proximal phalanx, distal end Fx L wrist, distal ulna, metaphyseal Fx

9 Dorsal- relating to the back or posterior i.e. the exterior part of the hand DorsalAnterior A Fx of the distal radius and ulna with 100% dorsal displacement of the distal fragments.

10 Epiphysis- relating to a part of a long bone developed from a center of ossification distinct from the shaft(Often called a growth plate) Epiphysis

11 Frontal- relating to the anterior part of a body Frontal PosteriorPosterior PosteriorPosterior

12 Head- the rounded end of a bone Femoral Humeral Metacarpal Metatarsal Radial Fibular Fx of the 5 th metacarpal head with minimal angulation Fx of the radial head, non displaced Comminuted Fx of the humeral head with signif displacement

13 Horizontal- a plane across the body at right angles to the coronal & sagittal planes resulting in upper and lower parts 375, 380, 391, 667

14 Inferior- below in relation to another structure; caudal (lower) There is a 3 part intertrochanteric fx of the L hip. In addition, there are ipsilateral L superior and inferior pubic rami Fx s 1 2 3

15 Ipsilateral- on the same side There is a 3 part intertrochanteric fx of the L hip. In addition, there are ipsilateral L superior and inferior pubic rami Fx s 3 2 1

16 Lateral- on the side; farther from the median or midsaggital plane There is a spiral fx of the lateral malleolus at the level of the mortise with approx 2 mm of displacement of the distal fragment. There is also widening of the medial joint mortise.

17 Longitudinal—aligned lengthwise; any plane perpendicular to the transverse plane

18 Medial- relating to the middle or center; nearer the median or midsagittal plane There is an old chip fx off the 1 st toe, proximal phalanx, distal end, medial aspect. There is a new Fx of the 5 th toe, prox phalanx which is angulated. This is a bimallleolar fx of the L ankle. The medial malleolus has a transverse Fx that is non displaced.

19 Metaphysis- relating to the growth zone between the epiphysis and the diaphysis during development of a bone

20 Neck- any constricted portion having a fancied resemblance to the neck of an animal Femoral Humeral Metacarpal Metatarsal Radial Fibular There is an oblique, minimally displaced fx of the neck of the 3 rd metacarpal There is a fx of the R femoral neck.

21 Occipital- relating to the back of the head There is a fracture of the skull extending from the L temporal area to the high occiptal portion of the skull.

22 Palmar- volar; the flexor or anterior surface of the hand There is a Fx of the distal radius and ulna with palmar displacement of the distal fragments.

23 Parietal- relating to the wall of any cavity

24 Plantar- relating to the sole of the foot

25 Posterior- behind or after in place There is an obvious posterior dislocation of the elbow present.

26 Proximal- nearest the trunk or the point of origin There is a non displaced transverse Fx of the prox 1/3 of the humerus There is an angulated transverse fx of the neck of the 5 th proximal phalanx

27 Radial- relating to the lateral aspect of the upper limb There is a Fx of the L radial neck..... The thumb is part of the radial aspect of the hand.

28 Rostral- situated at or directed toward the anterior (snout) end of any organism

29 Sagittal- a plane that goes from top to bottom dividing an object into a right and a left side. 1405, 1406 There is no sagittal deviation for this metal FB(coin) lodged in the distal 1/3 esophagus.

30 Superior- above in relation to another structure; cephalic, (higher) There are a superior and inferior pubic rami fx present in this view ofthepelvis.

31 Transverse- horizontal; lying across the body part in a horizontal plane. There are non displaced transverse fxs of the diaphysis of the distal 1/3 radius and ulna. There is a displaced, angulated transverse fx of the neck of the proximal phalanx, 5 th toe.

32 Ulnar- relating to the medial aspect of the upper limb There is a intra-articular fx of the ulnar aspect of the 3 rd finger, prox phalanx, at the MCP jt. There is an incomplete transverse fx of the distal ulnar styloid.

33 Valgus- turned or bent outward There are fxs at the neck of the 2 nd and 3 rd metatarsals with a valgus deformity of the distal fragments There is a spiral fx of the R femur just distal to the hip prosthesis with a valgus displacement of the distal fragment

34 Varus- turned or bent inward There is a 3 part 100% displacement fx of the mid shaft L femur with varus displacement of the distal fragment.

35 Vertical- the direction aligned with the direction of he force of gravity There is an non displaced intra-articular vertical fx through the lateral tibial plateau of the knee Left ileum—there is a non displaced vertical fx through the inferior aspect of the medial ileum There is a-non displaced, vertical fx through the L patella.

36 Volar- the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot There is a volar plate fx of the PIP jt, middle phalanx of the 2 nd finger The volar aspect of the foot is same as the plantar aspect.


Download ppt "Stimuli—Orthopedic Anatomical Terminology. Anterior- in front of; ventral Anterior PosteriorPosterior PosteriorPosterior."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google