Anterior- in front of; ventral Anterior PosteriorPosterior PosteriorPosterior
Apophyses- a bony process or outgrowth that lacks an independent center of ossification like an epiphysis. Ischial tuberosity Ileac crest Greater trochanter Tibial tuberosity Base of 5 th metarsal
Base- the lower part or bottom of an object There is a Fx at the base of the 4 th toe, proximal phalanx There is a Fx at the base of the proximal phalanx of the index finger, MTP jt.
Caudal- situated or oriented toward the tail end of an organism Caudal Cephalad Cephalad- situated or oriented toward the head end of an organism or body part. There is a wedge compression Fx of the T 7 vertebra. In addition, there are a 2 nd and 3 rd more caudal, L1 and L2 compression fractures.
Contralateral- on the opposite side There is a L hip fx contralateral to the R femur fx
Coronal- a plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts The metal Foreign body (coin) is lying parallel to the coronal plane in an esophageal location at the T8 level.
Distal- situated away from the center of the body A distal fibula Fx 5 th toe, proximal phalanx, distal end Fx L wrist, distal ulna, metaphyseal Fx
Dorsal- relating to the back or posterior i.e. the exterior part of the hand DorsalAnterior A Fx of the distal radius and ulna with 100% dorsal displacement of the distal fragments.
Epiphysis- relating to a part of a long bone developed from a center of ossification distinct from the shaft(Often called a growth plate) Epiphysis
Frontal- relating to the anterior part of a body Frontal PosteriorPosterior PosteriorPosterior
Head- the rounded end of a bone Femoral Humeral Metacarpal Metatarsal Radial Fibular Fx of the 5 th metacarpal head with minimal angulation Fx of the radial head, non displaced Comminuted Fx of the humeral head with signif displacement
Horizontal- a plane across the body at right angles to the coronal & sagittal planes resulting in upper and lower parts 375, 380, 391, 667
Inferior- below in relation to another structure; caudal (lower) There is a 3 part intertrochanteric fx of the L hip. In addition, there are ipsilateral L superior and inferior pubic rami Fx s 1 2 3
Ipsilateral- on the same side There is a 3 part intertrochanteric fx of the L hip. In addition, there are ipsilateral L superior and inferior pubic rami Fx s 3 2 1
Lateral- on the side; farther from the median or midsaggital plane There is a spiral fx of the lateral malleolus at the level of the mortise with approx 2 mm of displacement of the distal fragment. There is also widening of the medial joint mortise.
Longitudinal—aligned lengthwise; any plane perpendicular to the transverse plane
Medial- relating to the middle or center; nearer the median or midsagittal plane There is an old chip fx off the 1 st toe, proximal phalanx, distal end, medial aspect. There is a new Fx of the 5 th toe, prox phalanx which is angulated. This is a bimallleolar fx of the L ankle. The medial malleolus has a transverse Fx that is non displaced.
Metaphysis- relating to the growth zone between the epiphysis and the diaphysis during development of a bone
Neck- any constricted portion having a fancied resemblance to the neck of an animal Femoral Humeral Metacarpal Metatarsal Radial Fibular There is an oblique, minimally displaced fx of the neck of the 3 rd metacarpal There is a fx of the R femoral neck.
Occipital- relating to the back of the head There is a fracture of the skull extending from the L temporal area to the high occiptal portion of the skull.
Palmar- volar; the flexor or anterior surface of the hand There is a Fx of the distal radius and ulna with palmar displacement of the distal fragments.
Posterior- behind or after in place There is an obvious posterior dislocation of the elbow present.
Proximal- nearest the trunk or the point of origin There is a non displaced transverse Fx of the prox 1/3 of the humerus There is an angulated transverse fx of the neck of the 5 th proximal phalanx
Radial- relating to the lateral aspect of the upper limb There is a Fx of the L radial neck..... The thumb is part of the radial aspect of the hand.
Rostral- situated at or directed toward the anterior (snout) end of any organism
Sagittal- a plane that goes from top to bottom dividing an object into a right and a left side. 1405, 1406 There is no sagittal deviation for this metal FB(coin) lodged in the distal 1/3 esophagus.
Superior- above in relation to another structure; cephalic, (higher) There are a superior and inferior pubic rami fx present in this view ofthepelvis.
Transverse- horizontal; lying across the body part in a horizontal plane. There are non displaced transverse fxs of the diaphysis of the distal 1/3 radius and ulna. There is a displaced, angulated transverse fx of the neck of the proximal phalanx, 5 th toe.
Ulnar- relating to the medial aspect of the upper limb There is a intra-articular fx of the ulnar aspect of the 3 rd finger, prox phalanx, at the MCP jt. There is an incomplete transverse fx of the distal ulnar styloid.
Valgus- turned or bent outward There are fxs at the neck of the 2 nd and 3 rd metatarsals with a valgus deformity of the distal fragments There is a spiral fx of the R femur just distal to the hip prosthesis with a valgus displacement of the distal fragment
Varus- turned or bent inward There is a 3 part 100% displacement fx of the mid shaft L femur with varus displacement of the distal fragment.
Vertical- the direction aligned with the direction of he force of gravity There is an non displaced intra-articular vertical fx through the lateral tibial plateau of the knee Left ileum—there is a non displaced vertical fx through the inferior aspect of the medial ileum There is a-non displaced, vertical fx through the L patella.
Volar- the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot There is a volar plate fx of the PIP jt, middle phalanx of the 2 nd finger The volar aspect of the foot is same as the plantar aspect.