2 Anterior- in front of; ventral PosteriorPosteriorAnteriorAnterior
3 Apophyses- a bony process or outgrowth that lacks an independent center of ossification like an epiphysis.Ischial tuberosityIleac crestGreater trochanterTibial tuberosityBase of 5th metarsal
4 Base- the lower part or bottom of an object There is a Fx at the base of the 4th toe, proximal phalanxThere is a Fx at the base of the proximal phalanx of the index finger, MTP jt.
5 Caudal- situated or oriented toward the tail end of an organism Cephalad- situated or oriented toward the head end of an organism or body part.There is a wedge compression Fx of the T 7 vertebra. In addition, there are a 2nd and 3rd more caudal, L1 and L2 compression fractures.CephaladCaudal
6 Contralateral- on the opposite side There is a L hip fx contralateral to the R femur fx
7 Coronal- a plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts The metal Foreign body (coin) is lying parallel to the coronal plane in an esophageal location at the T8 level.
8 Distal- situated away from the center of the body L wrist , distal ulna, metaphyseal Fx5th toe, proximal phalanx, distal end FxA distal fibula Fx
9 Dorsal- relating to the back or posterior i. e Dorsal- relating to the back or posterior i.e. the exterior part of the handA Fx of the distal radius and ulna with 100% dorsal displacement of the distal fragments.AnteriorDorsal
10 Epiphysis- relating to a part of a long bone developed from a center of ossification distinct from the shaft(Often called a growth plate)EpiphysisEpiphysisEpiphysis
11 Frontal- relating to the anterior part of a body PosteriorPosteriorFrontalFrontal
12 Head- the rounded end of a bone FemoralHumeralMetacarpalMetatarsalRadialFibularComminuted Fx of the humeral head with signif displacementFx of the 5th metacarpal head with minimal angulationFx of the radial head , non displaced
13 Horizontal- a plane across the body at right angles to the coronal & sagittal planes resulting in upper and lower parts375, 380, 391, 667
14 Inferior- below in relation to another structure; caudal (lower) There is a 3 part intertrochanteric fx of the L hip. In addition , there are ipsilateral L superior and inferior pubic rami Fx s132
15 Ipsilateral- on the same side There is a 3 part intertrochanteric fx of the L hip. In addition , there are ipsilateral L superior and inferior pubic rami Fx s132
16 Lateral- on the side; farther from the median or midsaggital plane There is a spiral fx of the lateral malleolus at the level of the mortise with approx 2 mm of displacement of the distal fragment. There is also widening of the medial joint mortise.
17 Longitudinal—aligned lengthwise; any plane perpendicular to the transverse plane
18 Medial- relating to the middle or center; nearer the median or midsagittal plane This is a bimallleolar fx of the L ankle. The medial malleolus has a transverse Fx that is non displaced.There is an old chip fx off the 1st toe, proximal phalanx, distal end , medial aspect . There is a new Fx of the 5th toe, prox phalanx which is angulated.
19 Metaphysis- relating to the growth zone between the epiphysis and the diaphysis during development of a bone
20 Neck- any constricted portion having a fancied resemblance to the neck of an animal FemoralHumeralMetacarpalMetatarsalRadialFibularThere is an oblique, minimally displaced fx of the neck of the 3rd metacarpalThere is a fx of the R femoral neck.
21 Occipital- relating to the back of the head There is a fracture of the skull extending from the L temporal area to the high occiptal portion of the skull.
22 Palmar- volar; the flexor or anterior surface of the hand There is a Fx of the distal radius and ulna with palmar displacement of the distal fragments.
25 Posterior- behind or after in place There is an obvious posterior dislocation of the elbow present.
26 Proximal- nearest the trunk or the point of origin There is a non displaced transverse Fx of the prox 1/3 of the humerusThere is an angulated transverse fx of the neck of the 5th proximal phalanx
27 Radial- relating to the lateral aspect of the upper limb There is a Fx of the L radial neck.. .The thumb is part of the radial aspect of the hand.
28 Rostral- situated at or directed toward the anterior (snout) end of any organism
29 Sagittal- a plane that goes from top to bottom dividing an object into a right and a left side. 1405, 1406There is no sagittal deviation for this metal FB(coin) lodged in the distal 1/3 esophagus.
30 Superior- above in relation to another structure; cephalic, (higher) There are a superior and inferior pubic rami fx present in this view ofthepelvis.
31 Transverse- horizontal; lying across the body part in a horizontal plane. There is a displaced, angulated transverse fx of the neck of the proximal phalanx, 5th toe.There are non displaced transverse fxs of the diaphysis of the distal 1/3 radius and ulna.
32 Ulnar- relating to the medial aspect of the upper limb There is a intra-articular fx of the ulnar aspect of the 3rd finger, prox phalanx, at the MCP jt.There is an incomplete transverse fx of the distal ulnar styloid.
33 Valgus- turned or bent outward There is a spiral fx of the R femur just distal to the hip prosthesis with a valgus displacement of the distal fragmentThere are fxs at the neck of the 2nd and 3rd metatarsals with a valgus deformity of the distal fragments
34 Varus- turned or bent inward There is a 3 part 100% displacement fx of the mid shaft L femur with varus displacement of the distal fragment.
35 Vertical- the direction aligned with the direction of he force of gravity There is an non displaced intra-articular vertical fx through the lateral tibial plateau of the kneeLeft ileum—there is a non displaced vertical fx through the inferior aspect of the medial ileumThere is a-non displaced, vertical fx through the L patella.
36 Volar- the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot There is a volar plate fx of the PIP jt, middle phalanx of the 2nd fingerThe volar aspect of the foot is same as the plantar aspect.