Presentation on theme: "EDU10003 The World of Maths Assessment 1: Maths and numeracy in the real world Fiona Pidgeon Student ID: 657999X."— Presentation transcript:
1EDU10003 The World of MathsAssessment 1: Maths and numeracy in the real worldFiona PidgeonStudent ID: X
2Maths in the Real WorldMaths is everywhere. We use maths in various ways without even being conscious of it. This video shows how maths is used in everyday occurrences (Maths of planet Earth).Please press the play button to be redirected to the video.Beauty of Mathematics [Digital Video] retrieved from
3Everyday occurrences of maths Maths and numeracy are a universal language. Wherever you are in the world, the concepts are the same. This is because maths is about numbers not language. (Annenburg Foundation, 2013).English - Pi approximatelyGerman - Pi etwa 3,14159 (Google Translate n.d.)French - Pi environ 3,14159 (Google Translate n.d.)Chinese (Tradition) -皮約 (Google Translate n.d.)Swahili - Pi takriban (Google Translate n.d.)We need maths for everyday things, buying cars, doing the shopping, building a house or travelling to school.
4What is Maths?According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary (2013), Mathematics is:“the science of numbers and their operations, interrelations, combinations, generalizations, and abstractions and of space configurations and their structure, measurement, transformations, and generalizations”ACARA (2013) state “Learning mathematics creates opportunities for and enriches the lives of all Australians. “The photo ‘Mathematics’, Simmonds, B 2012.
5What is Numeracy?Numeracy means life skills. It is the foundation upon which we build our literacy skills but through using numbers (National Numeracy, 2013).Numeracy supports mathematics. It gives us the confidence we need to perform everyday tasks (National Numeracy, 2013).Organising elements for numeracy. ACARA,
6Differences and Similarities Maths is analytical; numeracy helps Fashion Designers determine the price of clothes.Fashion design requires maths in order to design a pattern and make it to standard sizes.Designers also need to determine how much the garment will cost. They calculate how much the product cost to make, adds various percentages to determine the final costing (You can do Maths, 2011)Other mathematics required include:Ordering materialsPaying for deliveries
7Differences and Similarities Cost Sheet [Digital Image] retrieved fromThis cost sheet gives an indication of what is required to cost a particular piece of clothing.Aligning this to the Australian Curriculum, a designer would use the following skills:Content StrandsNumber and AlgebraMeasurement and GeometryProficiency strandsUnderstandingFluencyProblem Solving
8Differences and Similarities Maths is about active experimentation; numeracy is following a recipe.Cooking is all about maths and numeracy. When cooking, often it is a process of experimentation.In cooking, maths is the measurement and spaces/shapes.We need numeracy to undertake the measurement. It also helps us work out how much time we need to cook something or how much money we need to buy the ingredients.We need numeracy to interpret the recipe.
9Differences and Similarities In the kitchen, children can develop their numeracy skills in a number of ways.Count the cupcake wrappers needed to fill tins.Measure the ingredients required.Measure how thick the pizza dough is with a ruler.Using problem solving skills by determining how many lollies are required in total and how many will be on each cupcake.Cooking recipe cards retrieved from
10Differences and Similarities Maths is about patterns and rhythm; in music, numeracy helps to count the beat.You can read music just like you would read math symbols. Each symbol represents information about the piece of music.In music, there areSectionsMeasures and barsTimeBeatsFractionsThere are numbers everywhere in musical pieces (Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences, n.d.).
11Maths vs NumeracyUsing music can help children with understanding complex patterns (Edelson & Johnson, 2003, p65).Teachers can use simple tools such as a drum and drumstick. Making a pattern on the drum helps with their thinking and reasoning skills. Children then must:Work out the pattern to determine the ruleExplain the pattern using wordsMake a prediction of what will come next (Edelson & Johnson, 2003, p65)Example of a Time Signature [Digital Image] retrieved from
12Everyday occurrences Nature, Maths and Symmetry Aristotle is quoted as saying “The mathematical sciences particularly exhibit order, symmetry, and limitation; and these are the greatest forms of the beautiful.” (Math Academy Online, 2013)The line of symmetry is when an object has a mirror image. An example of this beauty is in a butterfly. A butterfly’s left side, mirrors its right. Therefore, a butterfly is symmetrical.Butterfly [Digital Image] retrieved fromButterfly Symmetry Art Example retrieved from
13Everyday occurrencesMany animals have symmetry and this is known as bilateral symmetry. That means, if an animal is evenly divided down the centre, both sides should be equal and mirror the other side.This peacock is demonstrating symmetry.Peacock [Digital Image] retrieved from
14Everyday occurrencesNature has other ways of showing us symmetry. Some flowers have bilateral or radial symmetry.Flowers [Digital Images] retrieved from
15Everyday occurrences Maths and predicting the weather There have been a lot advances in how the weather has been predicted. Some of the earlier physicists (Newton, Galileo) all had an early involvement in determining how the weather works (Roulstone, I & Norbury, J, 2013).Vilhelm Bjerkness ( ) in the late 1800’s/early 1900’s used mathematics to forecast weather patterns (Roulstone, I & Norbury, J, 2013).Vilhelm Bjerkness ( ) [Digital Image] retrieved from
16Everyday occurrencesScientists divided the earth into grids and applied various mathematical equations to determine weather predictions (Eminger 2011).Nowadays, complex maths equations are written in code and incorporated into computer programs. These programs, with some degree of accuracy, predict weather outcomes over periods of time.Scientists use maths whencalculating the temperature (Celsius/Fahrenheit)measuring rainfall (millimetres, centimetres)determining wind speed (knots or kilometres)measuring pollen in the air (low to high)(IMS Health Incorporated, 2013).
17Everyday occurrencesWeather prediction [Digital Image] retrieved fromGlobal weather recording (in Celcius) [Digital Image] retrieved from
18Everyday occurrences learning ACARA (n.d.) state“Mathematics has its own value and beauty and the Australian Curriculum: Mathematics aims to instil in students an appreciation of the elegance and power of mathematical reasoning. Mathematical ideas have evolved across all cultures over thousands of years, and are constantly developing.”The role of today’s pedagogical leader is to incorporate the Australian Curriculum into everyday learning.
19Everyday occurrences learning Patterns in Nature exercise – A Nature WalkDescribing symmetry in natureThis activity assists the children in identifying the role maths plays in nature.Prior to the nature walk, discuss and demonstrate symmetry in nature by showing photographs and physical objects. Discuss and ask questions to determine understanding.On the nature walk, children are to look carefully at plants and animals. Count leaves, petals and observe faces, looking for symmetry.Post nature walk, children look at symmetry in the faces of fellow students. Using a mirror, children can see symmetry.Use photographs and cut in half. Distribute the halves and ask the students to find the other half.Exercise adapted from Nature’s Numbers, Educators Guide.
20Everyday occurrences learning This exercise can be linked to the Australian Curriculum (ACARA, 2013) in the following ways:Mathematics / Foundation Year / Number and Algebra / Patterns and algebraContent descriptionSort and classify familiar objects and explain the basis for these classifications. Copy, continue and create patterns with objects and drawingsElaborationsobserving natural patterns in the world around uscreating and describing patterns using materials, sounds, movements or drawings
21ReferencesACARA (n.d.). Australian Curriculum. Mathematics. Rationale retrieved from ACARA (n.d.). Australian Curriculum. F-10 Curriculum. Mathematics. Foundation Year retrieved from Annenburg Foundation (2013). Math in Daily Life. The Universal Language retrieved from Beauty of Mathematics [Digital Video] Maths of Planet Earth Organisation, 2013 retrieved from Cost Sheet [Digital Image] retrieved from
22ReferencesEdelson, R.J. and Johnson, G (2003). Music makes math meaningful. Childhood Education 80.2 (Winter 2003) p 65. Association for Childhood Education International retrieved fromEminger, S (2011). The History of Weather Forecssting retrieved fromGoogle Translate (n.d.) retrieved fromIMS Health Incorporated, Pollen Count. Pollen levels increase your allergies retrieved fromMath Academy Online, The Platonic Realms Interactive Database of Math Quotes retrieved from
23ReferencesMerriam-Webster Incorporated, Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Definition of Mathematics retrieved from National Numeracy, National Numeracy for everyone, for life. What is Numeracy? retrieved from Nature’s Numbers. Educators Guide. (n.d.) retrieved from Pacific Institute for the Mathematical Sciences (n.d.). Math Central. Math beyond school. Music, Math and Patterns retrieved from Roulstone, I & Norbury, J, Invisible in the Storm: The Role of Mathematics in Understanding Weather (pp 3, 4). Princeton University Press Simmons, B, (2011). [Digital Image]. Mathwords: Terms and Formulas from Beginning Algebra to Calculus retrieved from You can do Maths, (2011). Maths is everywhere. Career – Fashion Designer retrieved from