Presentation on theme: "Our History is our Strength Women’s History Month, March 2011."— Presentation transcript:
Our History is our Strength Women’s History Month, March 2011
Our History is Our Strength Why I like this theme… Issue of women & power… What does one do with this? Women warriors were weird & even odder.. Warrior queens Every age struggles with this…
Outside the Classical World Cartimandua of Brigantes
Celtic & Roman Britain Boudicca/ Boadicea/ Bodicca Description of Dio Cassius Rape of Her Daughters Attack on Romans at Colchester, St. Albans Destruction of Londinium Paulinus returned from Anglesey Boudicca’s forces of 120,000 Celts 70,000 Romans Dead? Tactics of Paulinus Boudicca’s end at Mancetter Reaction of the Romans Wales & England subdued by 78 AD
Zenobia of Palmyra
The Legends & Reality Semiramis Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator
Warrior Queens The answer of the Ancient World The Amazons Lysistrata “No people who place a woman over their affairs prosper” -- Mohammed on a Persian princess How do you explain/ cope with this?
Warrior Queens Voracity Syndrome Chastity Syndrome Holy Armed Figurehead Appendage Syndrome “Well did she show, great Harry was her sire, Whom Europe did for valour most admire.”
Warrior Queens Shame Syndrome “Only a Weak Woman” Syndrome Tomboy Syndrome What if she is unsuccessful? Empress Matilda (Maud) Violated her the confines of her sex Question of Boudicca/ Boadicea
Feminist Theory & Female Rulers? Christine de Pizan More inclined “to make peace and avert wars.” Joan Kelly “And I know in the depth of my being and in all my knowledge of history and humanity, I know women will struggle for a social order of peace, equality and joy.” Honorary Male Theory Lynne Segal “I accept that women are gentler at the moment, but if they had the same amount of power as men, they wouldn’t be more virtuous.” We’re still sure what to do with them.
Still Fairly rare 11 Prime Ministers 10 Presidents 3 Queens Regnant 3 Governors General 11 with no women in government at all
In American Politics Victoria Woodhull, 1872 Gracie Allen, 1940
Playing with Big Boys Supreme Court Women of the Cabinet 1933, Frances Perkins
Female U.S. Governors Red (Rep.), blue (Dem.) and purple (both) represent states that have had female governors; white represents those that have had none Currently: Arizona, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina & Washington
Women in Congress 535 Members of Congress 39 Female Senators Currently 17 235 Women in the House 74 Currently Succession issue? 46 directly followed husbands 12 followed fathers