Presentation on theme: "3rd OIE Global Conference on Animal Welfare Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia"— Presentation transcript:
1OIE Animal Welfare Standards And The Mulitlateral Trade Policy Framework 3rd OIE Global Conference on Animal Welfare Kuala Lumpur, MalaysiaDr Sarah KahnDr Mariela Varas
2Contents OIE Standard Setting Procedures The OIE Animal Welfare Working GroupThe Current OIE Animal Welfare StandardsEngagement of OIE Member CountriesAnimal Welfare and the multilateral trade policy frameworkStandards and specifications of the private sectorFuture challenges and engagement of the OIEConclusion
3OIE’s International Standard Setting OIE develops and publishesstandards for the prevention and control of animal diseases as well as for the safe trade of animals and animal products and standards for animal welfare => Codesbiological standards for diagnostic tests and vaccines => ManualsAdopted by OIE Member Countriesduring General Session each May by consensusThe OIE regularly updates its international standards as new scientific information comes to light, following its established transparent and democratic procedures. The only pathway for adoption of a standard is via approval of the World Assembly of Delegates meeting in May each year at the OIE General Assembly.Developed using a science-based approach
4OIE Standards setting procedure Commissions, Delegates and OthersRequestComments2 roundsad hoc GroupsUpdated text Codes/ManualsAWWGAdoptedIssue / problem identified by Delegate, OIE Commission, industry, scientist, individual:new scientific information eg from research or disease outbreaknew disease - emergingnew approaches eg vaccination> Addressed by appropriate Commission as new or revised standard, using working groups and ad hoc groups for specialist tasks eg : animal welfare, BSE, epidemiology, avian influenza, TBExperts advice : the OIE utilises all sources:individual / expert group from industry / academia / governmentother OIE Commission or Reference LabTransparency:NGOs with OIE agreement are consulted as per Member Countries eg IDFexperts may participate in meetingsCommission reports on OIE Web siteCommission proposal circulated for comment to Member Countries, experts, organisations (at least 2 rounds of comments)Commission may revise proposal on basis of comments receivedDiscussed by the World Assembly of Delegates at General Sessionmay be discussed only and returned to Commission for further workmay be adopted as OIE international standard> Opportunity for all Members to be involved in standards developmentWorld AssemblyTAHSC or AAHSCOIE MembersReport & textsText for adoptionText for comment
5OIE Animal Welfare Working Group (AWWG) Inaugurated in 2002, and a key driver of the OIE animal welfare standard setting programme.Dr Sira Abdul RahmanDr Peter ThornberDr David BayvelProf Hassan AidarosMr Luc MirabitoProf David FraserDr Marosi MolomoDr Vincent GuyonnetDr Andrea GavinelliThe working group is represented by governmental officials from the regions, industry experts, science, NGO sector and key intergovernmental representatives. Its work covers major animal welfare issues including the welfare of farmed animals, pre slaughter and slaughter welfare; welfare of laboratory animals; welfare of companion animals (including population control), and welfare of animals during transport.
6AWWG MissionTo advise The Director General and the Aquatic and Terrestrial Commissions concerning OIE priorities and proposed activities in the field of animal welfare.Preparation and circulation of educational material to enhance awareness of OIE Members and stakeholdersPromotion of the inclusion of AW in undergraduate and post-graduate veterinary curriculaIdentification of AW research needs and encouragement of collaboration between centres of research.The OIE animal welfare working group is involved in activities promoting the inclusion of animal welfare into veterinary curricula globally, and is in regular communication with the OIE expert collaboratiing centres to identify research needs and encourage collaboration.
7OIE AWWG Key Work AreasDraft reviews and amendments to adopted standards in the Aquatic and Terrestrial CodesNew scientific evidenceStandard setting procedureRegional support and engagementRegional Animal Welfare Strategies (RAWS)National Focal Point SeminarsMembers of the animal welfare working group are involved in assisting development of egional animal welfare strategies, and in Focal Point training seminars aimed at capacity building in the regions and implementation of OIE animal welfare standards
8Definition of Animal Welfare for the Purpose of the Terrestrial Code Animal welfare means how an animal is coping with the conditions in which it lives. An animal is in a good state of welfare if (as indicated by scientific evidence) it is healthy, comfortable, well nourished, safe, able to express innate behaviour, and if it is not suffering from unpleasant states such as pain, fear, and distress.Good animal welfare requires disease prevention and veterinary treatment, appropriate shelter, management, nutrition, humane handling and humane slaughter/killing.Animal welfare refers to the state of the animal; the treatment that an animal receives is covered by other terms such as animal care, animal husbandry, and humane treatment.Animal welfare refers to the state of the animal; the treatment that an animal receives is covered by other terms such as animal care, animal husbandry, and humane treatment.Adopted at the 71th General Session (2003)
9Animal Welfare Standards in the Terrestrial Code Introduction to the recommendations for animal welfare (7.1)The transport of animals by land (7.2.)The transport of animals by sea (7.3.)The transport of animals by air (7.4.)The slaughter of animals for humanconsumption (7.5.)The killing of animals for disease control purposes (7.6.)The control of stray dog populations (7.7)The use of animals in research and education (7.8.)Animal welfare and beef cattle production systems (7.9.)The OIE, through the adoption of standards, encourages its 178 Members to implement standards for humane treatment of animals in such key areas as livestock transport, slaughter, and killing for disease control purposes, as well as for the control od stray dog population and the use of animals in research and education.The Veterinary Services are key players in improving animal health and welfare.
10Animal Welfare Standards in the Aquatic Code Introduction to recommendations for the welfare of farmed fish (Chapter 7.1)Welfare of farmed fish during transport (Chapter 7.2)Welfare aspects of stunning and killing of farmed fish for human consumption (Chapter 7.3)Killing of farmed fish for disease control purposes (Chapter 7.4)For the purpose of this talk the focus is on terrestrial animal standards, and these animal welfare standards for the Aquatic Animal Health Code are included for completeness.10
11Control of Stray Dog Populations (Chapter7.7.) This chapter addresses animal welfare, animal health and public health mandates of the OIEMore than 50,000 people die each year from rabies. A majority are children and in many cases the source of infection is a stray dog.Guiding principlesProgrammes for dog population control have the following objectives:Improve health and welfare, reduce numbers, promote responsible ownership, create and maintain a rabies free dog population, reduce the risk of other zoonotic diseases, manage other human health risks, prevent harm to the environment, prevent illegal trade.
12Animal welfare related provisions of Islamic Law – OIE Discussion Paper Draws attention to Islamic law requirements for humane handling of animals, including during transport and at slaughter.Aims to stimulate dialogue between National Veterinary Services and Religious Authorities to achieve mutually acceptable animal welfare outcomes.
13Use of Animals for Research and Education (Chapter 7.8.) Recognises the significant contribution laboratory animals make to advancing medical and veterinary research, and respects the internationally accepted three R’s (replace, reduce, refine)New article on transportation and the Official Agreement with IATA aim to provide appropriate safeguards for animal health and welfare, and public safety.The OIE recognises the significant role of veterinarians in animal-based research. Given their unique training and skills, they are essential members of a team including scientists and animal care technicians. The veterinarian, should have the necessary expertise to work with research animals, and their specific role is to provide advice on the care, use and welfare of such animals;This team approach is based on the concept that everyone involved in the use of animals has an ethical responsibility for the animals’ welfare. The approach also ensures that animal use leads to high quality scientific and education outcomes.The OIE emphasises the need for humane treatment of animals .The use of live animals in research is of key importance in regulatory testing, particularly for the final approval of human medicinal products, and in some specialist research fields.Having access to these animals and the associated necessary air transportation (Collaboration with IATA) is critically important to maintaining progress in advancing human medicine.OIE/IATA Discussion paper
14Engagement of OIE Member Countries Regional Animal Welfare Strategies and Implementation PlansCurrently developed in the Asia, the Far East and Oceania regionPromising developments in other regionsAnimal Welfare National Focal Point SeminarsOrganised for the Animal Welfare Focal Points – national government officials responsible for an animal welfare agendaThematic training with active involvement of representatives from the industry and the NGO sector when relevant.The first regional animal welfare strategy has been developed in the Asia, Far East and Oceania region. It serves as guidance to governments of the member countries for implementation of the OIE animal welfare standards. An implementation plan based of the regional strategy has been developed as well. Every two years in each region OIE organizes training seminars for national animal welfare focal points – government officials responsible for an animal welfare agenda. These seminars update the focal points with developments in animal welfare both in the regions and globally.
15Animal Welfare and the multilateral trade policy framework The General Agreement on Tarifs and Trade, (GATT)The World Trade Organisation AgreementsThe SPS AgreementThe TBT Agreement
16Coverage of Animal Welfare by the GATT Provides for equal opportunity amongst WTO member countriesProhibits discriminatory treatment of like productsAre animal products from different animal welfare systems like products?WTO appellate body found that likeness is fundamentally a determination about the nature and extent of the competitive relationship between products1616
17Animal Welfare Remains Outside The SPS Agreement Animal health is a significant determinant of animal welfareEvidence that better animal welfare leads to better animal health and food safety is equivocalWTO internet website states that animal welfare measures are not covered by the SPS Agreement
18Coverage of animal welfare by the TBT Agreement TBT requires:identical treatment of like products regardless of the processing and production methods of the country of origin.Imported products are not treated less favourably than like domestic products.Pending Disputes DS 400 and DS 401Rulings and subsequent developments should provide clarification on the consistency of animal welfare measures with GATT and TBT rules.
19Private Standards & Specifications Animal welfare has become a focus of attention for multinational food companiesMarket power of large multinationals increasingly drives producer practice.OIE World Assembly 2008, Resolution XXXII2012 Cooperation Agreement between OIE & ISOISO TC 34 working group
20Future ChallengesPublic interest and concern about animal welfare is likely to increase.WTO members are likely to remain hesitant about including animal welfare in WTO negotiations.Private sector specifications that provide competitive advantage will continue to evolve.Recognition of alternate systems in developing countries that produce equivalent animal welfare outcomes will probably need more attention.
21ConclusionsOIE science based standards developed through an inclusive and democratic process are a well established and powerful tool to establish globally acceptable animal welfare standards.For effective implementation of OIE standards many countries need:Support to update legislationCapacity building assistance and budget support for their veterinary services
22ConclusionsRegional strategies provide a valuable guide for local implementation of OIE standardsPilot and twinning and programmes also offer excellent opportunities to tailor implementation choices to fit local needsGovernments, international organisations and donors are urged to give their full support to OIE in this important area of work (inclusive standard setting and implementation).
23Thank you for your attention! Organisation mondiale de la santé animaleWorld Organisation for Animal HealthOrganización Mundial de Sanidad Animal12 rue de Prony, Paris, France - –