2Section 2 – Rome expands its Borders Predict some possible causes of conflict between the growing Roman Republic and the surrounding Mediterranean peoplesAnswers: trade rivalry and economic competition, competition for land, mutual suspicion, cultural threats,Main Idea: Through warfare and alliances, the Roman Republic greatly expanded the lands under their control.
3The Punic Wars Places: Rubicon, Carthage, Alps, Rome vs. Carthage – why?First Punic War – 264 BCRome has no navy, builds one – what was the model?Land warfare at sea = “boarding bridges”War ends after 23 years – 241 BC
7Punic Wars Second Punic War: 218 BC Hannibal Crossing the Alps into ItalyLaid waste to the countrysideWanted to win away Rome’s allies – successful?Scipio – Roman generalRome goes after Carthage – Hannibal has to go homeCarthage has to give up their Navy and colonies in Spain
15"Furthermore, it is my opinion that Carthage must be destroyed", a position earlier cited by Cicero in his dialogue De Senectute.
16Provinces Each province was administered by a governor Rome becomes dependent upon the provinces over time for grainEquites: class of business people connected to tradeWithin the Republic the gap between the rich and the poor, powerful and powerless, continued to grow
17Spartacus Led revolt that began in 73 BC More than 70,000 slaves took partSpartacus dies in battleSome 6,000 rebels were crucified