Presentation on theme: "A world class Tourism Centre & its host community"— Presentation transcript:
1 A world class Tourism Centre & its host community P.G. Padmanabhan & Kence GeorgeyThe Socity for Socially Responsible & Eco Friendly TourismKumarakom, Keral, India –
2 KUMARAKOM in Kerala India. An exploration of the impact of Tourism in a recently developed small village.KUMARAKOM in Kerala India.
3 Kumarakom Village – A Backwater Tourism Hub Host Community Population > 25,000 Mainly cultivators, fishermen, shell collectors, toddy tapers etc.
4 Main Tourist Attractions Vast sea sized lake Vembanad – a Ramsar site supporting more than 20,000 water fowls, many varieties of tasty fishesBird Sanctuary – Home to 91 species of local & 50 species of migratory birds.Mangrove BeltVast Paddy fields below sea levelHouseboat Cruise
5 Arrival of Tourism1989 Taj Group started a heritage resort on the bank of the Lake.Followed by 14 Big operators9 Medium type Hotels100 Houseboats & Homestay.
6 Growth of Tourist Arrival at Kumarakom 360% in Six Years form 2002Occupancy rate – 55% to 85%
7 Socio Economic ImpactLand Price – Skyrocketed 20 to 30 fold in 10 years.Conversion of agricultural land.Land made a commodity in Real Estate marketAgriculture Production & employment diminished.
8 Socio Economic ImpactAgricultural workers & traditional fisher men lost Job.Census Figurres for 1990 and 2000 say 432 men & 645 woman lost Job in the agriculture sector.Overall labor participation diminished by 1.4%
9 Employment in Tourism10 to 12 percent of total work force in the village now employed in tourism sector.
10 Government Intervention Tourism (conservation & preservation of areas) Act 2005 – declared Kumarakom a Special Tourism ZoneA draft guidelines for Tourism industry published, but not implimented.Collection of heavy taxes
11 Tourism Digs Its Own Grave Polluting backwaters & neglecting its preservation.Denying local people’s participation
12 People’s Intervention People’s charter & guidelines on sustainable tourism for Kumarakom 2002 call for increased participation, economic & social benefits for the host community.Initiated the practice of Responsible Tourism.