Presentation on theme: "A world class Tourism Centre & its host community P.G. Padmanabhan & Kence Georgey The Socity for Socially Responsible & Eco Friendly Tourism Kumarakom,"— Presentation transcript:
A world class Tourism Centre & its host community P.G. Padmanabhan & Kence Georgey The Socity for Socially Responsible & Eco Friendly Tourism Kumarakom, Keral, India –
An exploration of the impact of Tourism in a recently developed small village. KUMARAKOM in Kerala India.
Kumarakom Village – A Backwater Tourism Hub Host Community Population > 25,000 Mainly cultivators, fishermen, shell collectors, toddy tapers etc.
Main Tourist Attractions Vast sea sized lake Vembanad – a Ramsar site supporting more than 20,000 water fowls, many varieties of tasty fishes Bird Sanctuary – Home to 91 species of local & 50 species of migratory birds. Mangrove Belt Vast Paddy fields below sea level Houseboat Cruise
Arrival of Tourism 1989 Taj Group started a heritage resort on the bank of the Lake. Followed by 14 Big operators 9 Medium type Hotels 100 Houseboats & Homestay.
Growth of Tourist Arrival at Kumarakom 360% in Six Years form 2002 Occupancy rate – 55% to 85%
Socio Economic Impact Land Price – Skyrocketed 20 to 30 fold in 10 years. Conversion of agricultural land. Land made a commodity in Real Estate market Agriculture Production & employment diminished.
Socio Economic Impact Agricultural workers & traditional fisher men lost Job. Census Figurres for 1990 and 2000 say 432 men & 645 woman lost Job in the agriculture sector. Overall labor participation diminished by 1.4%
Employment in Tourism 10 to 12 percent of total work force in the village now employed in tourism sector.
Government Intervention Tourism (conservation & preservation of areas) Act 2005 – declared Kumarakom a Special Tourism Zone A draft guidelines for Tourism industry published, but not implimented. Collection of heavy taxes
Tourism Digs Its Own Grave Polluting backwaters & neglecting its preservation. Denying local people’s participation
People’s Intervention People’s charter & guidelines on sustainable tourism for Kumarakom 2002 call for increased participation, economic & social benefits for the host community. Initiated the practice of Responsible Tourism.