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Español 2 – Unidad 1 Lección 1 The Personal a Direct Objects You know that the direct object is the person or thing that receives the action of a verb.

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Presentation on theme: "Español 2 – Unidad 1 Lección 1 The Personal a Direct Objects You know that the direct object is the person or thing that receives the action of a verb."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Español 2 – Unidad 1 Lección 1 The Personal a

3 Direct Objects You know that the direct object is the person or thing that receives the action of a verb.

4 Direct Objects For example… I bought the shirt. Which word is the direct object? Right! The shirt.

5 The Personal a Unlike English, whenever a specific person or group of people is the direct object of a verb in Spanish, the personal a must be used. It is used before the person that is the direct object. Thats why its called the personal a. In other words, if a person is being verbed (invited, looked at, known, etc), you must add an a before the person.

6 The Personal a Which one of these sentences needs a personal a ? Quiero visitar el aeropuerto. Quiero visitar mis hermanos. Quiero visitar a mis hermanos.

7 The Personal a The a doesnt mean anything and we have nothing similar in English. In Spanish, it is simply correct grammatically to put the personal a before a direct object that is a person.

8 The Personal a Sometimes we need to say the word the after the personal a. Example: I see the woman = Yo veo a la mujer. There are 4 ways to do this - use: 1. a la – if the person is feminine singular. 2. al – if the person is masculine singular (we cannot use a el) 3. a las – if the person is feminine plural. 4. a los – if the person is masculine plural.

9 The Personal a Whats wrong with the following sentence? Quiero visitar a el agente de viajes. Quiero visitar al agente de viajes.

10 The Personal a We can also use the personal a when the direct object is an animal, especially a pet. Busco a mi gato.

11 The Personal a We usually do not use the personal a after the verb tener. This is true even if the direct object is a person. Example Tengo muchos tíos.

12 To Review…Use a Before the direct object when the direct object is a person/people When the direct object is an animal Not after the verb tener Good!!

13 Práctica - Read the sentence and decide if a personal a is necessary. If it is, please write it in. 1. Veo ____ la televisión. 2. Busco ___ mis hermanos. 3. ¿Tienes ____ muchos primos? 4. Ella invita ____ mí a la fiesta. Veo la televisión. Busco a mis hermanos. ¿Tienes muchos primos? Ella invita a mí a la fiesta.


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