Presentation on theme: "Gustar and Similar Verbs"— Presentation transcript:
1Gustar and Similar Verbs (Gustar y verbos parecidos)¿Te gusta mi coche?Sí, me gusta mucho.
2Gustar is a completely regular -ar verb in its conjugation. Gustar = to be pleasingGustar is used to express preferences, likes, and dislikes; however, gustar means “to be pleasing,” and is constructed very differently from the English “to like.”Gustar is a completely regular -ar verb in its conjugation.gustogustasgustagustamosgustáisgustan
3I like it. It’s pleasing to me. Gustar = to be pleasing In Spanish, the thing or things that we like are expressed as being “pleasing to us.”. . . where “it” is the direct object.In English, we say . . .I like it.In Spanish, “it” becomes the subject of the sentence and we say instead . . .It’s pleasing to me.“I” is then expressed as the indirect object phrase “to me.”
4Let’s start by talking about something we all like. I like Spanish.Following the format on the previous slide, we would say . . .Spanishis pleasingto me.In Spanish, this would literally be . . .me gusta.El españolgustame.But, of course, in Spanish, pronouns must be placed before conjugated verbs.Now, it so happens that, by convention, the subject (in this case El español) is generally placed at the end of the sentence with this type of construction.
5I like Spanish. Spanish is pleasing to me. Me gusta me gusta. el español.El españolIt turns out, then, that the sentence in Spanish is exactly the reverse of that in English,in its sense,and also in its word order.
6Nos Les Me Os Te Le gusta el español. You all They You We He I To express that others like Spanish, only the object pronoun needs to change, since Spanish remains the subject in all the sentences.NosLesMeOsTeLegusta el español.You allTheyYouWeHeIlikes Spanish.like Spanish.
7Since most of the things or people that please us are expressed in third person, the two forms of gustar that are used most commonly are gusta and gustangustogustasgustagustamosgustáisgustanNos gusta el flan que hace la abuela.We like the flan that grandma makes.No le gustan los huevos.She doesn’t like eggs.
8Me gustas (tú). You please me. (I like you.) Of course, it is possible to use other forms. Gustas, for example is used frequently.Me gustas (tú).You please me. (I like you.)When gustar is used with one or more infinitives, only the third person singular is used.Me gusta leer.Me gusta leer, jugar fútbol, y viajar.
9The verb gustar is used exclusively with indirect object pronouns menosteosleles
10Gustar is used with indirect object pronouns Me gusta ese restaurante.I like that restaurant.¿Te gusta el té helado?Do you like iced tea?Le gustan mucho las zanahorias.He likes carrots a lot.No nos gusta el yogur.We don’t like yogurt.Les gusta cenar en casa.They like to eat dinner at home.
11Many other verbs function like gustar These, too, are used with indirect object pronouns.aburrirto bore; to tireencantarto delight; to be extremely pleasingfaltarto be lacking or neededfascinarto be fascinatinginteresarto be interestingmolestarto be a bother or to annoyparecerto seemquedarto be left; to remain
12Many other verbs function like gustar Me aburre comer solo.Eating alone bores me.Les encanta comer fuera.They love to eat out.¿Les faltan servilletas?Do you all need some napkins?Nos fascina la cocina francesa.French cuisine fascinates us.
13Many other verbs function like gustar Nos interesan los pingüinos.We’re interested in penguins.Me molestan algunos clientes.Some customers annoy me.Nos parece caro este vino.This wine seems expensive to us.¿Te queda suficiente dinero para pagar la cuenta?Do you have enough money left to pay the bill?
14I like to eat a lot of food. When we like something a lot (mucho) or more (más) than something else, mucho and más immediately follow the verb gustar:Me gusta mucho comer.I really like to eat.A different word order would convey a different meaning:Me gusta comer mucho.I like to eat a lot of food.
15Do you like oranges or grapefruit best? When we like something a lot (mucho) or more (más) than something else, mucho and más immediately follow the verb gustar:¿Te gustan más las naranjas o las toronjas?Do you like oranges or grapefruit best?Me gustan más las naranjas.I like oranges best.
16(for clarification or emphasis) Again, the verbs gustar, encantar, etc. are used exclusively with indirect object pronounsThese are mandatorymetelenososles(a mí)(a ti)(a usted)(a él)(a ella)(a nosotros)(a vosotros)(a ustedes)(a ellos)(a ellas)The prepositional forms are optional(for clarification or emphasis)
17All the prepositional forms can be used to emphasize the object pronoun form. Juandoesn’t like beans butIdo.A Juanno le gustan los frijoles, pero sí me gustan.a míNotice that because Juan and I were stressed in the above sentence in English, we added the prepositional forms a Juan and a mí in Spanish to reflect that stress.
18Les encantan las bananas. Since the third-person pronouns le and les can be ambiguous, they sometimes require prepositional forms for clarification.Les encantan las bananas.Since les can represent a number of different people, we may need to add a prepositional form to avoid confusion.A ellos les encantan las bananas.A ellas les encantan las bananas.A Luis y a Marta les encantan las bananas.A Uds. les encantan las bananas.