# Ms. Jagmohini During the CAL Training programme organised by SCERT and INTEL at SCERT From 12.08. to 07.09.2002.

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Ms. Jagmohini During the CAL Training programme organised by SCERT and INTEL at SCERT From 12.08. to 07.09.2002

define Mountain and LakeMountainLake know about 5 highest mountains by regions5 highest know about 5 highest mountains of the world5 highest know about 5 largest fresh water lakes5 largest appreciates the application of trigonometrytrigonometry After this presentation, we will be able to

Mountains, name usually applied to any region of land that is raised rather steeply above the surrounding terrain. The elevation, or altitude, of a mountain is given as the height of the summit above sea level. Therefore, a mountain with an elevation of, say, 4,000 m (13,100 ft) may rise to only 3,000 m (9,840 ft) above the surrounding land.

S.NO MOUNTAIN HEIGHT 1.EVEREST8,850 Mts 2.GODWIN AUSTEN8,611Mts 3.KANCHENJUNGA8,598Mts 4.LHOTSE8,542Mts 5.MAKALU8,510Mts

ANCIENT NAME: GAURI SHNKER NEPALI NAME: SAGERMATHA Mount EverestMount Everest, like the rest of Himalaya, rose from the floor of the ancient Tethys Sea. The range was created about 30 to 50 million years ago. Himalaya

On May 29, 1953, two members of a British expedition: Edmund Hillary, a New Zealander, and his guide, Tenzing Norkay, a Sherpa conqured the mount Everest.. SUCCESSFUL ASCENTS LATEST NEWS

REGION MOUNTAIN HEIGHT ASIAEVEREST8850 m S.AMERICA ACONCAGUA 6962 m N.AMERICAMCKINLEY 6195 m AFRICA KILMANJARO 5890 m EUROPEELBRUS 5630 m AUSTRALIAKOSCIUSKO 2204 m

Trigonometrical surveys provide a framework of fixed points, the relative positions of which are established with the utmost accuracy. In India the framework was to consist of meridional (north-south) and longitudinal (east-west) chains of connected triangles observed throughout the subcontinent. A base line would be measured on the ground, and the distance from either erected by flagmen, could then be calculated by trigonometry. One of the newly calculated sides would then be used as the base line of the next triangle, without further need of direct measurement of the ground. Measurements made in this way were checked at regular intervals by astronomical observations, and allowances also had to be made for differences of altitude, the curvature of the Earth, and the refraction of light by the Earth’s atmosphere. Microsoft® Encarta® Encyclopedia. © 1993-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. GREAT TRIGONOMETRICAL SURVEY

The Himalaya Range, which comprise the highest mountain system in the world, extend through most of Nepal and help shape its northern border. Nine of the 14 highest mountains in the world, including Mount Everest ( 8,850m /29,028 ft ), are located either wholly or partially in the country.

Everest, Mount (Tibetan, Chomo Lungma, “goddess-mother”; Nepali, Sagarmatha, “forehead in the sky”), mountain peak, south central Asia, in the Himalaya range, on the frontier of Nepal and Tibet. Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world. The summit was previously believed to be 8,886 m (29,028 ft) above sea level, according to a 1954 Indian government survey. In November 1999, using the latest global positioning system satellite equipment, the mountain's elevation was revised to 8,850 m (29,035 ft)...

NATIVE NAME: DAPSANG HEIGHT : 8611 m LOCATION : KASHMIR RANGE :KARAKORUM

HEIGHT:8598 m LOCATION: NEPAL RANGE: HIMALAYA

HEIGHT: 8510 m LOCATION: NEPAL RANGE: HIMALAYA

HEIGHT:8481 m LOCATION: NEPAL RANGE:HIMALAYA

Karakorum Range, Kashmir The Karakorum Range crosses northern Pakistan and the Indian region of Jammu and Kashmir. The approximately 60 peaks average 6,600 m (22,000 ft) in height. K2, also known as Mount Godwin-Austen, rises 8,611 m (28,250 ft), making it the range’s highest peak and the world’s second highest mountain. Microsoft ® Encarta ® Encyclopedia 2002. © 1993-2001 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.

Lake, large, inland body of fresh or salty standing water. The source of lake water is atmospheric precipitation that reaches the lake directly and by means of springs, brooks, and rivers.

The largest lakes in the world are the Caspian Sea and Lakes Superior and Victoria. The Dead Sea is the world's lowest lake, 400 m (1,312 ft) below sea level. The Caspian, the world's largest lake, covers an area of 370,998 sq km (143,243 sq mi). Lake Baikal is the deepest freshwater lake in the world, with a maximum depth of 1,637 m (5,371 ft).

s.no Lake Surface Area 1.SUPERIOR82,100 sq Km 2.VICTORIA 69,400 sq Km 3.HURON 59,600 sq Km 4.MICHIGAN57,800 sq Km 5. TANGANYIKA 32,900 sq Km

Surface Area 82100 sq. Km Maximum Depth m Maximum Length 560km Maximum Width km

Surface Area 32900 sq. Km Maximum Depth 82m Maximum Length km Maximum Width km

Surface Area 32900 sq. Km Maximum Depth 229 m Maximum Length 332 km Maximum Width 295 km

Surface Area 57800 sq. Km Maximum Depth 282m Maximum Length 494km Maximum Width 190km

Surface Area 32900 sq. Km Maximum Depth 1430m Maximum Length 680km Maximum Width 72km

Lake Baikal is the deepest freshwater lake in the world and the third largest lake in Asia. A large variety of plant and animal life is found in its clear waters. Many rivers, as well as more than 300 mountain streams, feed into the lake.

Which is not in Himalayan Range? a)Makalu b)LhotseMakaluLhotse c)Annapurna d)WhitneyAnnapurnaWhitney Which lake is in Africa? a)Baikal b)MansrovarBaikal Mansrovar c)Victoria d)HuronVictoriaHuron

SORRY, TRY AGAIN

WOW! YOU ARE RIGHT

HT NEW DELHI,SEPTEMBER 3.2002 The height of girl power is standing atop the 8,850 m high mount Everest In 2003 coinciding with the 50 th Anniversary of the first ascent May 53. The NCC is putting 19 member girl team to conquer the highest mountain of the World.It will be lead by a woman officer of the Indian Army.

S.NO YEAR NAMECOUNTRY 1. 1975Junko TabeiJapan 2. 1978Wanda RutkiewiczPoland 3. 1984Bachendri PalIndia 4. 1988Lydia BradleyNew Zealand 5. 1992 & 93 Santosh YadavIndia

MICROSOFT ENCARTA ASIMOV OF NUMBERS

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