Presentation on theme: " Celebrated on 29 th September very year Started in 2000 by World heart Federation, Geneva Switzerland To inform people that Heart Disease and."— Presentation transcript:
Celebrated on 29 th September very year Started in 2000 by World heart Federation, Geneva Switzerland To inform people that Heart Disease and Stroke are Worlds Leading cause of Death Claiming 17,300,000 deaths How to keep a healthy heart
What is it? How and Why does it occur? Why is it Important? What is my blood pressure? What relation between Blood Pressure, Heart attack, Stroke? How do I prevent not to have Hyper or Hypo tension? Objectives of Today
Hypertension is Most common Heart problem “Silent Killer”- 20-40% in urban adults and 12-17% among rural adults in India Affects 214 million in 2025 67% of those with hypertension were unaware of their diagnosis
It is necessary to supply blood to all body. Pressure is characteristic of life. If pressure is more then normal is called “HYPERTENSION” If the pressure is less then normal is called “HYPOTENSION”
120/80 mmHg Systolic – Maximum pressure of blood(120) Diastolic – Minimum pressure of Blood(80)
Age: 3 years 110/63 Age: 10 years 115/76 Pregnancy: 110/70 Age:20-40 years 120/80 Age: New born 70/40 Age:80 years 160/95
HYPERTENSION Age Race : Black, Americans Family History Obese No physically active Smoking and Tobacco Drinking Much salt in Diet Stress M>F HYPOTENSION Hypertension on medicine Shock Blood loss Anemia Sever infections Head injury
AGE RACE FAMILY HISTORY SMOKINGSEDENTORY LIFEOBESITY
STRESS SALT IN FOODDRINKING
Once a month – its silent disease Nervousness Sweating Difficulty sleeping Facial flushing Dizziness Fainting Lying to standing dizziness
Blood pressure in excess of normal range for age and gender. > 140/90 mm Hg. Primary or essential hypertension(95%): Is the result of a complex or poorly understood process. Secondary hypertension: Is a result of a known disease process. endocrine diseases, kidney diseases, and tumors
Renal failure Left ventricular failure Myocardial infraction
Modification of lifestyle: Cessation of smoking. Moderation in alcohol intake. Weight reduction. Programmed exercise. Reduction in Na + intake. Diet high in K +.
Blood pressure is LESS than normal. Systolic <90 mm Hg or Diastolic <60 mm Hg. 90/60mm Hg
Frequent fatigue, weakness Dizziness or light-headedness Does not get heart or renal problems
The key to managing this condition is individually tailored therapy. The goal of treatment is to improve the patient's functional capacity and quality of life, preventing injury, rather than to achieve a target BP.
The patient (and carers) should be educated - eg, foods, habits, positions and drugs. Avoid triggers - eg, high temperature environments. Review any medication being taken. Advise the elderly on standing slowly Dorsiflexing the feet first and even crossing the legs whilst upright. Raising the head of the bed A morning dose of caffeine as coffee or tablet form can be effective.