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 Celebrated on 29 th September very year  Started in 2000 by World heart Federation, Geneva Switzerland  To inform people that Heart Disease and.

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Presentation on theme: " Celebrated on 29 th September very year  Started in 2000 by World heart Federation, Geneva Switzerland  To inform people that Heart Disease and."— Presentation transcript:

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3  Celebrated on 29 th September very year  Started in 2000 by World heart Federation, Geneva Switzerland  To inform people that Heart Disease and Stroke are Worlds Leading cause of Death  Claiming 17,300,000 deaths  How to keep a healthy heart

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6  What is it?  How and Why does it occur?  Why is it Important?  What is my blood pressure?  What relation between Blood Pressure, Heart attack, Stroke?  How do I prevent not to have Hyper or Hypo tension? Objectives of Today

7  Hypertension is Most common Heart problem  “Silent Killer”-  20-40% in urban adults and 12-17% among rural adults in India  Affects 214 million in 2025  67% of those with hypertension were unaware of their diagnosis

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10  It is necessary to supply blood to all body.  Pressure is characteristic of life.  If pressure is more then normal is called “HYPERTENSION”  If the pressure is less then normal is called “HYPOTENSION”

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12  120/80 mmHg  Systolic – Maximum pressure of blood(120)  Diastolic – Minimum pressure of Blood(80)

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15 Age: 3 years 110/63 Age: 10 years 115/76 Pregnancy: 110/70 Age:20-40 years 120/80 Age: New born 70/40 Age:80 years 160/95

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17 HYPERTENSION  Age  Race : Black, Americans  Family History  Obese  No physically active  Smoking and Tobacco  Drinking  Much salt in Diet  Stress  M>F HYPOTENSION  Hypertension on medicine  Shock  Blood loss  Anemia  Sever infections  Head injury

18 AGE RACE FAMILY HISTORY SMOKINGSEDENTORY LIFEOBESITY

19 STRESS SALT IN FOODDRINKING

20  Once a month – its silent disease  Nervousness  Sweating  Difficulty sleeping  Facial flushing  Dizziness  Fainting  Lying to standing dizziness

21  Blood pressure in excess of normal range for age and gender.  > 140/90 mm Hg.  Primary or essential hypertension(95%):  Is the result of a complex or poorly understood process.  Secondary hypertension:  Is a result of a known disease process. endocrine diseases, kidney diseases, and tumors

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23 Renal failure Left ventricular failure Myocardial infraction

24 Retinal hemorrhage Stroke

25 Increase in size of heart Cerebral hemorrhage

26  Medications :  Diuretics: ▪ Increase urine volume.  Beta-blockers: ▪ Decrease HR.  Calcium antagonists: ▪ Block Ca 2+ channels.  ACE inhibitors: ▪ Inhibit conversion to angiotensin II.  Angiotension II-receptor antagonists: ▪ Block receptors.

27  Modification of lifestyle:  Cessation of smoking.  Moderation in alcohol intake.  Weight reduction.  Programmed exercise.  Reduction in Na + intake.  Diet high in K +.

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32  Blood pressure is LESS than normal.  Systolic <90 mm Hg or  Diastolic <60 mm Hg.  90/60mm Hg

33  Frequent fatigue, weakness  Dizziness or light-headedness  Does not get heart or renal problems

34  The key to managing this condition is individually tailored therapy.  The goal of treatment is to improve the patient's functional capacity and quality of life, preventing injury, rather than to achieve a target BP.

35  The patient (and carers) should be educated - eg, foods, habits, positions and drugs.  Avoid triggers - eg, high temperature environments.  Review any medication being taken.  Advise the elderly on standing slowly  Dorsiflexing the feet first and even crossing the legs whilst upright.  Raising the head of the bed  A morning dose of caffeine as coffee or tablet form can be effective.

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