2Hunger Scenario Remember a time when you have been hungry Symptoms: Missed a meal, Delayed dinner or sick and unable to eatSymptoms:felt the gnawing pain of hungerbeing tired or cranky as your body adapted to the lack of energyFeel this feeling now
3Hunger Scenario Situation: Symptoms: Imagine you are unable to get food and this feeling continues for the whole daySymptoms:How has your feeling of hunger changed?How has it impacted your body?How has it impacted your mind?How has it impacted your emotions?Imagine the consequences of a day without food
4Hunger Scenario Situation: Its been 1 week Symptoms: You have eaten a small amount of food and waterYou have lost weightSymptoms:Imagine what the hunger feels like nowHow is your ability to perform simple tasks?How much energy do you have?Imagine the consequences of 1 week without food
5Hunger Scenario Situation: Its been 1 year …. Or a lifetime Without adequate food or waterAny thoughts, feelings, or consequences of hunger that you mentally visualized?
6Global HungerApproximately 925 million people do not receive adequate daily food suppliesOne in twelve people worldwide is malnourished15,000 children die each day from diseases related to lack of foodDuring this class 478 people will die of starvation
7Definitions Chronic Persistent Hunger: Undernutrition: Malnutrition: Long-term and consistent conditions of poor nutrition. Has little to do with food shortagesUndernutrition:Caused by not getting enough food to eat – poor food availabilityMalnutrition:Caused by poorly balanced diet – not receiving enough nutrientsFamine:rapid and severe under nutrition – food shortages occur due to natural conditions. 1/10th of hunger related deaths
9There is simply not enough food produced to feed everyone... TrueFalse
10Overpopulation is the direct cause of world hunger.... TrueFalse
11TrueFalsePoverty, corrupt economic systems and armed conflict are the major causes of world hunger....
12Increasing agricultural land use will solve the crisis.... TrueFalse
13TrueFalseFree trade and free markets will decrease the cost of food and increase global food sharing...
14TrueFalseDeveloped countries could alleviate world hunger by providing food aid to suffering countries
15Perceptions on Global Hunger There is simply not enough food produced to feed everyoneIncorrect: Current enough food to provide a 3200 calorie diet for every person each day. Global food production is not the cause of global hungerOverpopulation is the direct cause of world hungerIncorrect: there is no correlation between population density and hunger. Often significant food resources per capita coexist with hunger
16Perceptions on Global Hunger Increasing agricultural land use will solve the crisisIncorrect: Small scale farming using land more efficiently and produce larger yields compared to commercial farmingFree trade and free markets will decrease the cost of food and increase global food sharingIncorrect: large corporations produce food at lower costs and benefits from free trade agreements.Developed countries could alleviate world hunger by providing food aid to suffering countriesIncorrect: cannot provide long-term sustainable support by providing aid. Instead, local food economies are impacted.
17Causes of World Hunger Poverty Corrupt Economic Systems Lack of resources and unequal distribution of wealth (land, tools or money)Corrupt Economic SystemsControl over resources and income is based on military, political and economic powerConflict Surrounding Cause/Importance of HungerReceives less media attention and little accountabilityArmed ConflictWar disrupts agricultural production, and governments often spend more on arms than on social programs
18World Hunger and the Economy The Global Food Systembased on large scale commercialization.domination by large transnational corporationscontrol trade and pricing of food commoditiesIncreasing emphasis on growing cash-crops for exportDeveloping CountriesAre economically dependent on single commoditiesCommodity and food prices have not risen significantly while the cost of input has risen dramatically.
19Poverty and World Hunger MalnutritionEnergyDecreasedAbility to LearnAbility to WorkPovertyShortenedLife ExpectancyHigh Death Ratefor ChildrenLow DiseaseResistance
20Effects of World Hunger High Infant Mortality RatesMalnourished women are more likely to be sick, have smaller babies, and die earlierWhere infant and child mortality is high, birth rates are also highVulnerability to Common IllnessesA malnourished child often lacks the strength to survive any common illnessIncreased Risk of InfectionWeakened immune systems and inability to fight off recurrent and lingering infections
21Effects of World Hunger Impediments to Physical DevelopmentDeprived essential proteins, micronutrients and fatty acids they need to grow adequately – stunted growth, poor brain developmentImpediments to Economic GrowthImpacts educational levels, social services and industrial developmentAcute Vulnerability during DisastersLack of supplies, resources, planning causes almost immediate death
22Considered Solutions Creating More Cropland Using More Fertilizer UrbanizationSoil degradationConsider productivity of landUsing More FertilizerGround water contaminationCostLack of effectiveness
23Considered Solutions Using More Pesticides Genetically Modified Foods CostsHarm humansPest become immuneGenetically Modified FoodsSeed controlAdditional costsFewer jobsHuman and environment threats