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Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial World History from World History from World War I to World War II (SSWH16-18) (SSUSH19)

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Presentation on theme: "Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial World History from World History from World War I to World War II (SSWH16-18) (SSUSH19)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Georgia High School Graduation Test Tutorial World History from World History from World War I to World War II (SSWH16-18) (SSUSH19)

2 Causes of World War I 1. Balkan Nationalism

3 Causes of World War I 2. Entangled Alliances

4 Causes of World War I 3. Militarism Arms races between nationsArms races between nations Built up to intimidate other nationsBuilt up to intimidate other nations Russian army had over 1,000,000Russian army had over 1,000,000 Germany and France had 900,000 eachGermany and France had 900,000 each

5 Conditions on the Front in WWI 1. New Weapons Utilized Machine GunsMachine Guns Poison gas (Mustard Gas)Poison gas (Mustard Gas) TanksTanks Airplanes (Dog Fighting)Airplanes (Dog Fighting) 2. Trench Warfare “No Man’s Land”“No Man’s Land” Disease and influenzaDisease and influenza

6 Effects of World War I Treaty of Versailles Treaty of Versailles -Establishment of League of Nations -German reparations Mandate System –British and French Mandate System –British and French

7 WWI - End of Empires Hapsburg Dynasty (Germany & Austria) Hapsburg Dynasty (Germany & Austria) Romanov’s Romanov’s (Russian Czars) (Russian Czars) Ottoman Empire Ottoman Empire (Middle East) (Middle East) Family of Czar Nicholas II – last of the Romanov Rulers of Russia

8 The Russian Revolution 1917—Workers revolt against the Czar -- Bolsheviks take over Russia and begin a socialist system under Vladimir Lenin. Allied countries (Great Britain, France, Japan and the United States) send troops to support anti-communist forces, but communist forces eventually prevail. 1917—Workers revolt against the Czar -- Bolsheviks take over Russia and begin a socialist system under Vladimir Lenin. Allied countries (Great Britain, France, Japan and the United States) send troops to support anti-communist forces, but communist forces eventually prevail.

9 The Soviet Union Lenin establishes the Soviet Union (USSR) Lenin establishes the Soviet Union (USSR)

10 The Rise of Joseph Stalin 1924—Lenin dies– Several leaders struggle for power including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. 1924—Lenin dies– Several leaders struggle for power including Leon Trotsky and Joseph Stalin. Eventually, Stalin seizes power and becomes a dictator over USSR—imposing a totalitarian state. Eventually, Stalin seizes power and becomes a dictator over USSR—imposing a totalitarian state. He begins a Five Year Plan to increase industrialization and collectivize agriculture in the Soviet Union. He begins a Five Year Plan to increase industrialization and collectivize agriculture in the Soviet Union.

11 The Red Scare After the Russian Revolution, fear of a similar revolution in the United States by communists from Russia led to a period known as the Red Scare. After the Russian Revolution, fear of a similar revolution in the United States by communists from Russia led to a period known as the Red Scare. Attempted assassinations of Attorney General Mitchell Palmer and John D. Rockefeller led to the Palmer Raids—in which suspected communists were arrested and more than 500 immigrants deported. Attempted assassinations of Attorney General Mitchell Palmer and John D. Rockefeller led to the Palmer Raids—in which suspected communists were arrested and more than 500 immigrants deported. This led to increase fear of immigrants and restrictions on immigration were passed by Congress. This led to increase fear of immigrants and restrictions on immigration were passed by Congress.

12 New Leaders Emerge In Italy, a new fascist government emerged in 1922 under Benito Mussolini. He rose to power using propaganda, brutality, and intimidation— promoting an ultra- nationalist Italy and himself as Il Duce (“the Leader”). In Italy, a new fascist government emerged in 1922 under Benito Mussolini. He rose to power using propaganda, brutality, and intimidation— promoting an ultra- nationalist Italy and himself as Il Duce (“the Leader”).

13 Fascism in Germany In 1921, Adolf Hitler took control of the National Socialist German Worker’s Party—better known as the Nazis. In 1921, Adolf Hitler took control of the National Socialist German Worker’s Party—better known as the Nazis. He became chancellor of Germany in 1933 and eventually claimed the title Fuhrer (guide of Germany) and established himself as dictator over the Third Reich. He became chancellor of Germany in 1933 and eventually claimed the title Fuhrer (guide of Germany) and established himself as dictator over the Third Reich.

14 Leadership in Japan Japanese Emperor Hirohito began his reign in Japan in He did not exercise absolute control over the government. Japanese Emperor Hirohito began his reign in Japan in He did not exercise absolute control over the government. Instead, an army general, Hideki Tojo, assumed the role of Japan’s premier – leading it through World War II. Instead, an army general, Hideki Tojo, assumed the role of Japan’s premier – leading it through World War II.

15 Authoritarian Government and Totalitarianism Authoritarian Government is ruled by a single person or party interested in political power. Authoritarian Government is ruled by a single person or party interested in political power. Totalitarianism is a government which seeks to control not only political power, but the economy, culture, and social life. Totalitarianism is a government which seeks to control not only political power, but the economy, culture, and social life. These governments often use terror and fear--utilizing propaganda and controlling access to information such as the press and education. (Examples: Italy, Germany, & USSR) These governments often use terror and fear--utilizing propaganda and controlling access to information such as the press and education. (Examples: Italy, Germany, & USSR)

16 Aggression in Asia 1931—Japan Invades Manchuria 1931—Japan Invades Manchuria Japan leaves the League of Nations Japan leaves the League of Nations By 1938, Japan has control of major cities along Chinese coast By 1938, Japan has control of major cities along Chinese coast

17 German Expansion Hitler begins rebuilding German military and marches troops into the Rhineland (lost in WWI) Hitler begins rebuilding German military and marches troops into the Rhineland (lost in WWI) Germany annexes Austria and claims parts of the Sudetenland Germany annexes Austria and claims parts of the Sudetenland Great Britain and France pursue policy of appeasement—rather than challenge Hitler’s aggression Great Britain and France pursue policy of appeasement—rather than challenge Hitler’s aggression In 1939, Hitler invades Poland In 1939, Hitler invades Poland Britain and France declare war on Germany—thus beginning World War II Britain and France declare war on Germany—thus beginning World War II

18 The Holocaust Hitler’s policy of Nazi racism targeted Jewish people and fed on European anti- semitism Hitler’s policy of Nazi racism targeted Jewish people and fed on European anti- semitism Hitler viewed Jews as a national enemy and began implementing his Final Solution—elimination of Jewish people by sending them to concentration camps as slave laborers and then executing them in gas chambers Hitler viewed Jews as a national enemy and began implementing his Final Solution—elimination of Jewish people by sending them to concentration camps as slave laborers and then executing them in gas chambers The extermination of nearly 6 million Jews, as well as Gypsies, Slavs, and other people deemed undesirable came to be known as the Holocaust The extermination of nearly 6 million Jews, as well as Gypsies, Slavs, and other people deemed undesirable came to be known as the Holocaust

19 World War II April, Germany Invades Denmark and Norway April, Germany Invades Denmark and Norway May, 1940 – Germany takes control of Belgium, Netherlands, and France May, 1940 – Germany takes control of Belgium, Netherlands, and France July-October, 1940 – Battle of Britain, German planes bomb Britain in “blitzkriegs” (night air raids). July-October, 1940 – Battle of Britain, German planes bomb Britain in “blitzkriegs” (night air raids). British Royal Air Force help fight off German air assault and prevent invasion. British Royal Air Force help fight off German air assault and prevent invasion.

20 Axis Powers 1940,Germany, Italy and Japan form an alliance known as the Axis Powers 1940,Germany, Italy and Japan form an alliance known as the Axis Powers

21 US Neutrality before World War II 1935— Neutrality Act passed by Congress to stay out of European conflicts 1935— Neutrality Act passed by Congress to stay out of European conflicts U.S. imposes embargo on Japan after its invasion of China U.S. imposes embargo on Japan after its invasion of China March, 1941– Congress passes March, 1941– Congress passes Lend-Lease Act to allow President Roosevelt to send aid to Great Britain

22 Japan attacks Pearl Harbor Dec. 7 th 1941—Japan launches surprise attack on U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Dec. 7 th 1941—Japan launches surprise attack on U.S. Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii

23 U.S. joins Allies in World War II After Pearl Harbor, the U.S. declares war on Japan and joins Allies (Great Britain, USSR, and French resistance) against the Axis Powers After Pearl Harbor, the U.S. declares war on Japan and joins Allies (Great Britain, USSR, and French resistance) against the Axis Powers

24 Domestic Wartime Policies of US Roosevelt establishes War Production Board –redirecting production of civilian consumer goods to war materials Roosevelt establishes War Production Board –redirecting production of civilian consumer goods to war materials Revenue for funding the war was generated through withholding income tax from paychecks and selling war bonds Revenue for funding the war was generated through withholding income tax from paychecks and selling war bonds The Government began rationing of resources—such as tires and food items The Government began rationing of resources—such as tires and food items

25 Women join domestic war effort Many women filled industrial jobs that had been held by men who were sent overseas Many women filled industrial jobs that had been held by men who were sent overseas A popular symbol of these women was Rosie the Riveter A popular symbol of these women was Rosie the Riveter

26 Suspicion of Germans, Italians and Japanese in U.S. Since the U.S. was at war with these countries, suspicion of citizens with origins in Germany, Italy and Japan led to their removal to remote internment camps. Since the U.S. was at war with these countries, suspicion of citizens with origins in Germany, Italy and Japan led to their removal to remote internment camps.

27 Allied Powers meet at Tehran In 1943, leaders of the three major Allied Powers (Churchill—Britain, Roosevelt--US, Stalin-- USSR) In 1943, leaders of the three major Allied Powers (Churchill—Britain, Roosevelt--US, Stalin-- USSR) met in the Tehran Conference to discuss plans for defeating Germany

28 D-Day At Tehran, the leaders planned an amphibious invasion of Normandy (occupied by Nazis) named Operation Overlord –headed by supreme allied commander Dwight D. Eisenhower At Tehran, the leaders planned an amphibious invasion of Normandy (occupied by Nazis) named Operation Overlord –headed by supreme allied commander Dwight D. Eisenhower

29 The Yalta Conference Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met in February, 1945 at the Yalta Conference to discuss plans of dividing up Europe anticipating the defeat of Germany Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met in February, 1945 at the Yalta Conference to discuss plans of dividing up Europe anticipating the defeat of Germany Germany was divided and most of Eastern Europe was controlled by the Soviet Union Germany was divided and most of Eastern Europe was controlled by the Soviet Union

30 The Potsdam Conference The Allied leaders met after the defeat of Germany in July,1945 at the Potsdam Conference to discuss plans for defeating Japan and its unconditional surrender The Allied leaders met after the defeat of Germany in July,1945 at the Potsdam Conference to discuss plans for defeating Japan and its unconditional surrender President Truman (who succeeded Roosevelt after his death) learned of the successful tests of the Atomic bomb while at the conference President Truman (who succeeded Roosevelt after his death) learned of the successful tests of the Atomic bomb while at the conference

31 The Atomic Bomb Led by Robert Oppenheimer, the Manhattan Project successfully produced two Atomic bombs at Los Alamos, New Mexico (called Fat Man and Little Boy) Led by Robert Oppenheimer, the Manhattan Project successfully produced two Atomic bombs at Los Alamos, New Mexico (called Fat Man and Little Boy) On August 6 th, 1945 a B-29 bomber called the Enola Gay dropped the first Atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan On August 6 th, 1945 a B-29 bomber called the Enola Gay dropped the first Atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan Three days later, a second bomb exploded over Nagasaki Three days later, a second bomb exploded over Nagasaki Japan surrendered on August 14 th, 1945—thus ending World War II and beginning the Atomic Age Japan surrendered on August 14 th, 1945—thus ending World War II and beginning the Atomic Age


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