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Population: Global Patterns and Trends Introduction to Global Studies XIDS 2301.

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Presentation on theme: "Population: Global Patterns and Trends Introduction to Global Studies XIDS 2301."— Presentation transcript:

1 Population: Global Patterns and Trends Introduction to Global Studies XIDS 2301

2 Farmers protest Food riots americas/18food.html The light blue line shows that between 2005 and 2007, food prices have increased by more than 50%. Thus, a basket of food that cost $20 in 2005 cost more than $30 in 2007.

3 How does “population” account for the rising demand for food in the “developing world”?

4 World Population Clock Natural Increase perWorld More Developed Countries Less Developed Countries Less Developed Countries (less China) Year80,794,2181,234,90779,559,31171,906,587 Day221,3543,383217,971197,004 Minute Source: Population Reference Bureau, 2005 World Population Data Sheet.

5 World Population Growth (in billions)

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8 Population: Global Patterns and Trends 1. Size 2. Growth 3. Distribution 4. Composition

9 Population: Global Patterns and Trends 1.Size

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11 A.D A.D A.D B.C B.C B.C B.C B.C B.C B.C. 1+ million years Old Stone Age New Stone Age Bronze Age Iron Age Middle Ages Modern Age Black Death—The Plague A.D A.D A.D Future Source: Population Reference Bureau; and United Nations, World Population Projections to 2100 (1998). World Population Growth Through History (in billions)

12 Number of years to add each billion (year) All of Human History (1800) 130 (1930) 30 (1960) 15 (1975) 12 (1987) 12 (1999) 14 (2013) 14 (2027) 21 (2048) Sources: First and second billion: Population Reference Bureau. Third through ninth billion: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision (medium scenario), World Population Growth

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14 World Population Growth (in billions)

15 Population: Global Patterns and Trends 2. Growth Principal components of population growth: --Natural Increase --Net Migration

16 Rates of birth, death, and natural increase per 1,000 population Natural Increase Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision, Birth and Death Rates, Worldwide

17 Note: Natural increase is produced from the excess of births over deaths. The Classic Stages of Demographic Transition

18 Population: Global Patterns and Trends 2. Growth Principal components of population growth: --Natural Increase  BR, DR; also TFR --Net Migration (immigration, emigration)

19 © 2008 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU Every Country Has a Different Pattern of Fertility Decline. Sources: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision; Population Reference Bureau; and Korea National Statistics Office. Fertility Patterns for Selected Countries:

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21 Total Fertility Rates ( )

22 Percent of Population Living on <$2 per Day Source: Population Reference Bureau, Population & Economic Development Linkages 2007 Data Sheet. Total Fertility Rate Niger Jordan Mongolia Association Between Fertility and Poverty

23 Percent of Girls Enrolled in Secondary School Source: Population Reference Bureau, Population & Economic Development Linkages 2007 Data Sheet. Total Fertility Rate Palestinian Territory Uruguay Morocco Association Between Fertility and Education

24 Female Labor Force Participation Rate 2004 Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision, 2005; International Labor Organization, Yearbook of Labor Statistics Total Fertility Rate Turkey Djibouti Philippines Association Between Fertility and Employment

25 Population: Global Patterns and Trends 3. Distribution

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27 Map of World Population ~2000 Cartogram  adjusts area by some value, such as size of population

28 Population Growth

29 World Population Growth (in billions)

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31 Year 1

32 World Map

33 Year 1

34 1500

35 1900

36 1960

37 2000

38 2050

39 2300

40 Total Fertility Rates ( )

41 Total Fertility Rates ( )

42 Childhood Mortality Among the Poor Poorest Economic Quintile Deaths under age 5 per 1,000 births Source: ORC Macro, Demographic and Health Surveys.

43 Population Living on Less Than US$2 per Day 2002 Percent Source: World Bank, World Development Indicators 2006.

44 Population: Global Patterns and Trends 4. Composition

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48 © 2008 POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU By 2050, One in Every Five Americans Will Be Age 65 or Older. Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau. Percent of U.S. Population in Selected Age Groups:

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