Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Aristotle – “Spoken words are the symbols of your mental experiences.”

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Aristotle – “Spoken words are the symbols of your mental experiences.”"— Presentation transcript:

1 Aristotle – “Spoken words are the symbols of your mental experiences.”

2 If your spoken words are NOT the same, do cultures have different mental experiences based on their languages?

3 YES We experience the world differently, therefore, we use language to express our experiences differently.

4 Language, no matter what language, is a taken for granted aspect of people’s lives AND does not have to make sense.

5 German Schadenfreude

6 German Drachenfutter

7 Scottish sgiomlaireachd

8 Russian Efficiency Challenge Engagement ring Have fun

9 ENGLISH615,000 GERMAN184,000 FRENCH100,000

10 WORDS THAT ENGLISH SPEAKERS HAVE ADOPTED BRONCO RODEO C’EST LA VIE DEJA VUE PIANO SPAGEHTII KIMONO BARBEQUE

11 FRENCH House Home

12 FINE  14 Definitions as an adjective  6 as a noun  2 as an adverb  Fills 2 pages in the dictionary and takes 5,000 words to explain

13 FINE  Fine Art  Feeling Fine  Court Fine  Fine Hair

14 SOUND  Audible Noise  State of Healthiness (Sound Mind)  An Outburst (Sound Off)  Body of Water

15 Eskimos: 50 words related to SnowEskimos Arabs: 600 words related to camels Italians: 500 words related to pasta Germans: 70 words related to beer Maoris: 35 words related to dungMaoris Araqucanian: 20 words related to being hungry Next

16 Back

17 ESKIMO LANGUAGE  GANA  AKILUKAK  APUT  KAGUKLAICH  PIGSIRPOG  GIMUGSUG  FALLING SNOW  FLUFFY FALLEN SNOW  SNOW ON GROUND  SNOW DRIFTED IN ROWS  DRIFTING SNOW  SNOWDRIFT Back

18 We experience the world differently and we express those experiences in our language.

19 Our Cultural Values are Reflected in: 1.What we choose to talk about 2.How we choose to express ourselves

20 Do people who speak different languages have different thought processes (not experiences)?

21 NO If you moved to Alaska and experience snow and learned their language, you could process the different categories.

22 Until the early 1900’s language was assumed to be a neutral medium that did not influence the way people experienced the world.

23 Sapir – Whorf Hypothesis Language is not just an instrument for voicing ideas but is itself the shaper of ideas, the guide for the individuals mental activity.

24 Sapir Whorf Hypothesis  Firmer  Softer

25 Sapir – Whorf Hypothesis Firmer – Language functions like a PRISON Once you learn a language, you are irrevocably affected by the particular of that language.

26 Sapir Whorf Hypothesis  Firmer  Softer

27 Sapir – Whorf Hypothesis Softer – Language SHAPES how people think and experience the world, yet it is possible to learn words and categories sufficiently similar to your first language so that communication can be accurate.

28 Vocabulary + Grammar Differences in a Language 1.Vocabulary a. Eskimo b. Arabic c. Dani d. Kamayura 2. Grammar a. Tense + Possessives b. Pronouns

29 Lost in Translation German – Ich bin ein BerlinerGerman South America – Nova Portuguese – Rendezvous lounges Chinese – Coca-Cola ke kou ke la Japan – Coke adds life Coke brings ancestors back to life Next

30 Back

31 Idioms: Meaning Contrary U.S. Idioms Japanese Idioms Irish Idioms Jargon: Common to a Profession Argot: Used by Co-cultural Next

32 US IDIOMS Bite the bullet Don’t have a cow Get off my back Whistle blower On the fence Back

33 JAPANESE IDIOMS The nail that sticks up gets hammered Like pounding a nail into tofu He has a higher nose Back

34 IRISH IDIOMS There’ll be wigs on the green They left us in the ha’ penny place He’s only winding you Back

35 DIALECTS DISTINGUISH COMMUNITIES It is a form of a spoken language peculiar to a specific region or social group.

36 DIALECTS VARY From rural to urban From one social group to another From one ethnic group to another

37 THREE REASONS WHY UNDERSTANDING DIALETS IS IMPORTANT  Clarity Clarity  Evaluations Evaluations  Standard American Dialect Standard American Dialect Next

38 Back CLARITY

39 Back EVALUATIONS

40 Back AMERICAN STANDARD DIALECTS

41 CODE SWITCHING Setting Conversational Partner Topic


Download ppt "Aristotle – “Spoken words are the symbols of your mental experiences.”"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google