Presentation on theme: "Aristotle – “Spoken words are the symbols of your mental experiences.”"— Presentation transcript:
Aristotle – “Spoken words are the symbols of your mental experiences.”
If your spoken words are NOT the same, do cultures have different mental experiences based on their languages?
YES We experience the world differently, therefore, we use language to express our experiences differently.
Language, no matter what language, is a taken for granted aspect of people’s lives AND does not have to make sense.
Russian Efficiency Challenge Engagement ring Have fun
ENGLISH615,000 GERMAN184,000 FRENCH100,000
WORDS THAT ENGLISH SPEAKERS HAVE ADOPTED BRONCO RODEO C’EST LA VIE DEJA VUE PIANO SPAGEHTII KIMONO BARBEQUE
FRENCH House Home
FINE 14 Definitions as an adjective 6 as a noun 2 as an adverb Fills 2 pages in the dictionary and takes 5,000 words to explain
FINE Fine Art Feeling Fine Court Fine Fine Hair
SOUND Audible Noise State of Healthiness (Sound Mind) An Outburst (Sound Off) Body of Water
Eskimos: 50 words related to SnowEskimos Arabs: 600 words related to camels Italians: 500 words related to pasta Germans: 70 words related to beer Maoris: 35 words related to dungMaoris Araqucanian: 20 words related to being hungry Next
ESKIMO LANGUAGE GANA AKILUKAK APUT KAGUKLAICH PIGSIRPOG GIMUGSUG FALLING SNOW FLUFFY FALLEN SNOW SNOW ON GROUND SNOW DRIFTED IN ROWS DRIFTING SNOW SNOWDRIFT Back
We experience the world differently and we express those experiences in our language.
Our Cultural Values are Reflected in: 1.What we choose to talk about 2.How we choose to express ourselves
Do people who speak different languages have different thought processes (not experiences)?
NO If you moved to Alaska and experience snow and learned their language, you could process the different categories.
Until the early 1900’s language was assumed to be a neutral medium that did not influence the way people experienced the world.
Sapir – Whorf Hypothesis Language is not just an instrument for voicing ideas but is itself the shaper of ideas, the guide for the individuals mental activity.
Sapir Whorf Hypothesis Firmer Softer
Sapir – Whorf Hypothesis Firmer – Language functions like a PRISON Once you learn a language, you are irrevocably affected by the particular of that language.
Sapir Whorf Hypothesis Firmer Softer
Sapir – Whorf Hypothesis Softer – Language SHAPES how people think and experience the world, yet it is possible to learn words and categories sufficiently similar to your first language so that communication can be accurate.
Vocabulary + Grammar Differences in a Language 1.Vocabulary a. Eskimo b. Arabic c. Dani d. Kamayura 2. Grammar a. Tense + Possessives b. Pronouns
Lost in Translation German – Ich bin ein BerlinerGerman South America – Nova Portuguese – Rendezvous lounges Chinese – Coca-Cola ke kou ke la Japan – Coke adds life Coke brings ancestors back to life Next
Idioms: Meaning Contrary U.S. Idioms Japanese Idioms Irish Idioms Jargon: Common to a Profession Argot: Used by Co-cultural Next
US IDIOMS Bite the bullet Don’t have a cow Get off my back Whistle blower On the fence Back
JAPANESE IDIOMS The nail that sticks up gets hammered Like pounding a nail into tofu He has a higher nose Back
IRISH IDIOMS There’ll be wigs on the green They left us in the ha’ penny place He’s only winding you Back
DIALECTS DISTINGUISH COMMUNITIES It is a form of a spoken language peculiar to a specific region or social group.
DIALECTS VARY From rural to urban From one social group to another From one ethnic group to another
THREE REASONS WHY UNDERSTANDING DIALETS IS IMPORTANT Clarity Clarity Evaluations Evaluations Standard American Dialect Standard American Dialect Next