Presentation on theme: "People of the Stone Age Unit 1. Scientist work to uncover the past Archaeologist study things left behind by people. They are “excavated” or dug up."— Presentation transcript:
People of the Stone Age Unit 1
Scientist work to uncover the past Archaeologist study things left behind by people. They are “excavated” or dug up. Items found are called artifacts. They are all made by man. Such as bowls, stone tools or needles..
Scientist also look at fossils Fossils are remains of once living things. They are found deep under layers of earth.
Fossils and artifacts show Early people most likely first appeared in Africa. To survive they moved from place to place hunting and gathering for food.
Homo Sapiens Means “wise humans” About 20 people lived together in “bands” These “bands” meet basic needs like: food food clothing clothing shelter shelter
Bands Had to move according to the season to find food, this is called “migration” As the bands grew they added new areas
Ice Age Long period of bitter cold Earth covered in huge sheets of ice called “glaciers” When ice melted it left bare new land for bands to hunt and gather for food
New areas created change Needed fires to burn for warmth Clothing to fit snug and warmer Shelter needed to be strong against the bitter cold and wind
Example of needed change “Tundra” a treeless area in the Arctic region. Cold weather required warmer clothes Stronger homes to resist wind and cold Keep a fire burning for warmth and cooking of food.
Culture: a way of life Each band had its own interest and way of life. Culture is made up of language language customs customs beliefs beliefs arts arts
Hunters-gathers change Because they needed a more steady supply of food. (maize=corn) “Domesticated” or tamed plants and animals for people to use.
Farmers vs. Nomads Stayed in one place * Moved around Permanent home * Temporary shelter Planted crops * Looked for grazing Livestock – pigs, cattle, sheep * Livestock moved with them
Agriculture: the good and the bad *Greater variety of food *People fought over land *Ground was no longer fertile *New tools Division of labor People could do different jobs *If the crops failed all suffered