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People of the Stone Age Unit 1. Scientist work to uncover the past  Archaeologist study things left behind by people.  They are “excavated” or dug up.

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Presentation on theme: "People of the Stone Age Unit 1. Scientist work to uncover the past  Archaeologist study things left behind by people.  They are “excavated” or dug up."— Presentation transcript:

1 People of the Stone Age Unit 1

2 Scientist work to uncover the past  Archaeologist study things left behind by people.  They are “excavated” or dug up.  Items found are called artifacts. They are all made by man.  Such as bowls, stone tools or needles..

3 Scientist also look at fossils  Fossils are remains of once living things.  They are found deep under layers of earth.

4 Fossils and artifacts show  Early people most likely first appeared in Africa.  To survive they moved from place to place hunting and gathering for food.

5 Homo Sapiens  Means “wise humans”  About 20 people lived together in “bands”  These “bands” meet basic needs like: food food clothing clothing shelter shelter

6 Bands  Had to move according to the season to find food, this is called “migration”  As the bands grew they added new areas

7 Ice Age  Long period of bitter cold  Earth covered in huge sheets of ice called “glaciers”  When ice melted it left bare new land for bands to hunt and gather for food

8 New areas created change  Needed fires to burn for warmth  Clothing to fit snug and warmer  Shelter needed to be strong against the bitter cold and wind

9 Example of needed change  “Tundra” a treeless area in the Arctic region.  Cold weather required warmer clothes  Stronger homes to resist wind and cold  Keep a fire burning for warmth and cooking of food.

10 Culture: a way of life  Each band had its own interest and way of life.  Culture is made up of language language customs customs beliefs beliefs arts arts

11 Hunters-gathers change  Because they needed a more steady supply of food. (maize=corn)  “Domesticated” or tamed plants and animals for people to use.

12 Farmers vs. Nomads  Stayed in one place * Moved around  Permanent home * Temporary shelter  Planted crops * Looked for grazing  Livestock – pigs, cattle, sheep * Livestock moved with them

13 Agriculture: the good and the bad *Greater variety of food *People fought over land *Ground was no longer fertile *New tools Division of labor People could do different jobs *If the crops failed all suffered


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